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Black Garden Ants - killing an ant queen (Young queen)
Black Garden Ants - killing an ant queen (Young queen)


Black garden ant
The black garden ant (Lasius niger) is widespread in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. The queens are 8 to 9 mm in length, workers, 3 to 5 mm, and males up to 5 mm in length.
Lasius niger - killing a young queen
Lasius niger - killing a young queen
Black garden ants are active from March on. They live in forest edges and in grasslands and prefer shade and moist habitats. They feed on honeydew from aphids and mealybug that the ants hijack or caringly hold as animals.
Black garden ants mate in July. The males, whose life expectancy is only a few days, then die, while the young queen discards her wings and goes off in search of a suitable nesting ground. After the Queen has laid her eggs she looks after them for some time until the workers hatch , then they care for the brood. Later they also expand the nest above ground. The queens, who can live up to the age of 29 , lay several thousand eggs in their lifetime. After 14 days the larvae hatch . The larvae pupate after 2 weeks. After a month the adult ants hatch.
Insectivores are natural enemies of the Black garden ant. A colony of ants may comprise 500 insects, including the queen.

Lasius (Lasius) niger
Subspecies53
Common namesBlack Garden Ant, Garden Ant, Common black ant, Small Black Ant, Common black garden ant, Black Ant
German namesSchwarzgraue Wegameise, Schwarze Wegameise, Mattschwarze Wegameise, Schwarze Gartenameise, Wegameise, Schwarzbraune Gartenameise, Schwarzbraune Wegameise
Dutch namesWegmier, Zwartbruine wegmier
Danish namesSort Havemyre
Finnish namesMauriainen, Sokerimuurahainen, Pihamauriainen
Norwegian namesSvart jordmaur
Swedish namesTrädgårdsmyra
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire)), North England (Northwest England (Cheshire))))), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), Liechtenstein, Channel Islands), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal, Gibraltar, Andorra), Monaco), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Serbia and Montenegro (Montenegro)), Bulgaria, Greece, Albania), East Europe (Belarus)
Asia
Far East (East Asia (China (Central China (North-central China (Hunan, Henan, Hubei)), West China (Southwest China (Tibet (Xizang), Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou), Northwest China (Gansu, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Ningxia)), East China (Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Anhui, Shandong), North China (Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi), Manchuria (Jilin, Heilongjiang, Liaoning)), Taiwan, Japan, Mongolia, Korea (North Korea, South Korea))), West Asia (Near East (Turkey)), South Asia (Afghanistan, Himalaya), Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan)), North Asia
Caucasus
Armenia, Georgia
Russia
Siberia (Russian Far East)
America
North America
Mexico, Canada (Alberta), USA (Minnesota)
South America
Falkland Islands
Africa
North Africa
Macaronesia (Canary Islands), Morocco
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (East Australia (New South Wales (New England)))


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Indo-Australian region
Oriental
Nearctic
Neotropical


CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, USA, United Kingdom
Distr. infoWorldwide
Links and ReferencesLasius niger in faunaeur.org
Lasius niger in dyntaxa.se
Lasius niger in Wikipedia (English)
Lasius niger in Antwiki (English)
Lasius niger in Antweb (English)
Lasius niger in Antcat (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Black Garden Ants - killing an ant queen (Young queen)
2. Lasius niger - killing a young queen
Quick search: Black - Garden - Ant - Lasius - Ants - Life
Queen - Killing - Span - Young - Active - Hatch - Ground - Workers
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderHymenoptera
Wasps, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Ants and wasps
SuborderApocrita
True wasps, Bees, Ants, Narrow-waisted hymenopterans, Parasitic wasps, Wasps
InfraorderAculeata
Stinging wasps
SuperfamilyFormicoidea
Ants
FamilyFormicidae
Ants
SubfamilyFormicinae
TribeLasiini
GenusLasius
Cornfield ants, Citronella ants
SubgenusLasius
Cornfield ants, Citronella ants
Speciesniger
Lasius niger
Black Garden Ant, Garden Ant, Common black ant, Small Black Ant, Common black garden ant, Black Ant
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Lasius alienoniger
 
Subspecies
Lasius niger aliena
Lasius niger alieno
Lasius niger alieno-americanus
Lasius niger alieno-brunneus
Lasius niger alieno-niger
Lasius niger alieno-nigra
Lasius niger alienoamericanus
Lasius niger alienobrunnea
Lasius niger alienobrunneus
Lasius niger alienoides
Lasius niger alienoniger
Lasius niger aliensis
Lasius niger alienus
Lasius niger americana
Lasius niger americanus
Lasius niger barbara
Lasius niger bruneus
Lasius niger brunneo-alienus
Lasius niger brunneo-emarginatus
Lasius niger brunneoalienus
Lasius niger brunneoides
Lasius niger brunneus
Lasius niger coloratus
Lasius niger emarginatus
Lasius niger emeryi
Lasius niger flavescens
Lasius niger flavidus
Lasius niger fumatus
Lasius niger fuscula
Lasius niger grande
Lasius niger grandis
Lasius niger himalayana
Lasius niger himalayanus
Lasius niger lasiodes
Lasius niger lasioides
Lasius niger latioides
Lasius niger minimus
Lasius niger neoniger
Lasius niger neonigra
Lasius niger niger
Lasius niger nigro-aliena
Lasius niger nigro-emarginatus
Lasius niger nigroemarginatus
Lasius niger nitidus
Lasius niger pallidus
Lasius niger pilicornis
Lasius niger pinetorum
Lasius niger sitka
Lasius niger sitkaensis
Lasius niger sitkensis
Lasius niger turcica
Lasius niger turcicus
Lasius niger turkmenus
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