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Rabbit hutch spider - Steatoda bipunctata - Female
Rabbit hutch spider - Steatoda bipunctata - Female


Rabbit hutch spider
The rabbit hutch spider (Steatoda bipunctata) belongs to the order spiders (Araneae), suborder Araneomorphae (also: Labidognatha), series Entelegynae, superfamily Araneoidea, the family Cobweb spiders (Theridiidae) and to the genus Steatoda. This species is widespread throughout the Holarctic ecozone and is encountered commonly in Central Europe. Rabbit hutch spiders reproduce twice a year and are non-endangered.
Rabbit hutch spider - Steatoda bipunctata
Rabbit hutch spider - Steatoda bipunctata
Adults can reach body lengths of up to 8 mm; the females are usually 5-7 mm in length, the males, 5 mm. The body of the rabbit hutch spider, especially the males, is flat. The body colour varies from shades of red to brown. A distinctive characteristic is the oily sheen, which originates from their bodies and earns them their name with regards to the latin name. While females are generally reddish brown in colour, the males are rather darker brown. The underside of the body is pale brown. The entire body and limbs are covered in fine light hair, the thickness of which can only really be seen under a microscope.
Steatoda bipunctata - Rabbit hutch spider
Steatoda bipunctata - Rabbit hutch spider
The legs of the rabbit hutch spider are red in colour with brown rings. Due to their appearance they can be confused with Steatoda castanea.

The rabbit hutch spider can live several years. In Central Europe they tend to stay in one place and are found throughout the year, most commonly in the living rooms of humans, although they also live outdoors. They are found at altitudes of up to 2000 metres ; in the mountains niches are one of their habitats of preference. In addition, these spiders are found in alley trees. Rabbit hutch spiders search for dark areas in residential buildings, basements and barns and survive in extremely warm, dry rooms when other spider species are long gone.
The rabbit hutch spider is active at night and moves back into narrow cavities in the daytime, as it is very shy The females prey on small insects (mosquitoes, flies or other species of spiders) which they either capture in their k web, or restrain on the ground. They are capable of overwhelming prey much larger than themselves likehouse spiders, for example. Males usually wander around.
The females mostly spin webs in dark corners, on ceilings or in window frames. The rabbit hutch spider is very undemanding and can survive a long time without food or drink. Mating happens in spring and autumn and including courtship, can take several days to weeks to complete, and can also occur with 2 male spiders simultaneously.
The females lay purplish-pink eggs in cocoons, at the edge of their web. The females watch over and care for their brood until the young hatch and become independent.


Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Rabbit hutch spider - Steatoda bipunctata - Female
2. Rabbit hutch spider - Steatoda bipunctata
3. Steatoda bipunctata - Rabbit hutch spider
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