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Honeybee on a flower
Honeybee on a flower (Pictures of Bees)


Bees (Apiformes)
The term "bee" (Apiformes) is used for several families in the order Hymenoptera. When people speak of ‘bees’ they tend to mean honey bees and yet it is estimated that bee species number approximately 20, 000 in total, 700 of which can be found in Europe. In Germany there are about 500 species of bees. The oldest bee fossils date back to 80 million years ago.
Bee on a blue flower
Bee on a blue flower (Pictures of Bees)
The body of the bee - as normally is the case with all insects - comprises three parts: head, chest, abdomen. The facial features include - eyes, two sensors which serve as a nose, mouth and mouth parts comprising two strong mandibles (jaws) and a proboscis. There are two pairs of thin wings and six legs attached to the chest. But the largest part of the body, the yellow-black ‘ringed’ abdomen with the poisonous sting, is the hallmark of the bee. Bee species with poisonous stings are part of the Aculeata group.
Mason Bee
Mason Bee (Pictures of Bees)
Bees are vegetarians, mainly living on sweet plant juice. Pollen serves as their supply of protein. Some bees live in colonies. Most of the bees are solitary. Sometimes solitary bees live in small commons. The small commons primarily enable the solitary bees to rear their offspring together and temporarily to protect themselves. Even sleeping, hibernation and guards groups are formed. Bees which live in colonies however, are non–transient, socially sophisticated and almost perfectly organised.

For humans primarily the honey bee is of interest. There are 9 different species : Apis dorsata laboriosa, Dwarf honey bee (Apis florea), Giant honey bee (Apis dorsata), western honey bee (Apis mellifera), Asian red honey bee (Apis koschevnikovi), Apis nigrocincta, Dwarf bush bee (Apis andreniformis), Eastern honey bee (Apis cerana) and the Asian mountain bee (Apis nuluensis).
Andrena on a flower
Andrena on a flower (Pictures of Bees)
Various bee species, including honey bees, store food to ensure the survival of the entire colony in times of food shortage (winter, the rainy season in the tropics). During the winter a beehive needs to maintain a minimum temperature of 10 degrees Celsius, otherwise the entire colony would die. The food stock of bees (honey) is edible even at very low temperatures.
Honey bee with pollen on hind-legs
Honey bee with pollen on hind-legs (Pictures of Bees)

Genera308
Species10.341
Common namesStingless bees, Honey bees, Euglossines, Bumble bees, Cuckoo Bees, Carpenter Bees, Digger Bees, Long-tongued Bees
German namesBienen, Echte Bienen
Dutch namesBijen en hommels, Bijen
Danish namesLangtungebier
Norwegian namesBier og humler
Swedish namesLångtungebin
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania
Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Neotropical


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesApidae in bie.ala.org.au
Apidae in faunaeur.org
Apidae in itis.gov
Apidae in dyntaxa.se
Apidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Bees"
- Andrena
  - Tawny Mining Bee
  - Andrena flavipes
  - Early Mining Bee
  - Andrena vaga
  - Grey Mining Bee
  - Red-girdled Mining-bee
  - Bryony Mining-bee
  - Andrena morio
- Honey Bees
  - Products of bees
  - European honey bee
  - Italian honeybee
  - Spanish bee
- Wool Carder Bee
- Mason Bees
- Xylocopa violacea
- Halictus sexcinctus
- Anthophora & Amegilla
  - White-banded Digger Bee
- Hylaeus
- Halictid bees
  - Halictinae
    - Dull-headed Blood-bee
    - Giant Furrow-Bee
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Honeybee on a flower
2. Bee on a blue flower
3. Mason Bee
4. Andrena on a flower
5. Honey bee with pollen on hind-legs
Quick search: Bee - Bees - Mason - Apis - Flower - Legs
Honey - Apiformes - Blue - Pollen - Carder - Season - Wool - Insects
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderHymenoptera
Wasps, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Ants and wasps
SuborderApocrita
True wasps, Bees, Ants, Narrow-waisted hymenopterans, Parasitic wasps, Wasps
InfraorderAculeata
Stinging wasps
SuperfamilyApoidea
Solitary Bees, Social Bees, Apoid Wasps, Bees, Sphecoid wasps
GroupApiformes
Bees
FamilyApidae
Stingless bees, Honey bees, Euglossines, Bumble bees, Cuckoo Bees, Carpenter Bees, Digger Bees, Long-tongued Bees
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 
Synonyms
Anthophoridae (C. L. Koch, 1846)
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Bienen
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Chrysomya albiceps
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House mosquito
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Villa hottentotta
Eumenes mediterraneus
Andrena morio
Giant Furrow-Bee
Dull-headed Blood-bee
Halictinae


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