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European honey bee - Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758)


European honey bee - Apis mellifera
European honey bee - Apis mellifera
Subspecies of the European Honey bee
Apis mellifera acervorum (Skorikov, 1929)
Apis mellifera adamii (Ruttner, 1977)
Apis mellifera adansonii (Latreille, 1804)
Apis mellifera anatoliaca (Maa, 1953)
Apis mellifera anatolica (Maa, 1953)
Apis mellifera armeniaca (Skorikov, 1929)
Apis mellifera artemisia (Engel, 1999)
Apis mellifera capensis (Eschscholtz, 1822) (Cape honey bee)
Apis mellifera carnica (Pollmann, 1879) (Carniolan Honey Bee)
Apis mellifera caucasica (Pollmann, 1889)
Apis mellifera cercopia (Kiesenwetter, 1860)
Apis mellifera cypria (Pollmann, 1879)
Apis mellifera iberica (Goetze, 1964)
Apis mellifera intermissa (Von Buttel-Reepen, 1906)
Apis mellifera jemenitica (Ruttner, 1976)
Apis mellifera lamarckii (Cockerell, 1906) (Lamarck´s honey bee)
Apis mellifera ligustica (Spinola, 1806) (Italian Bee)
Apis mellifera lihzeni (Buttel-Reepens, 1906)
Apis mellifera litorea (Smith, 1961)
Apis mellifera macedonica (Ruttner, 1988)
Apis mellifera major (Ruttner, 1978)
Apis mellifera meda (Skorikov, 1829)
Apis mellifera mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758) (German Honey Bee)
Apis mellifera monticola (Smith, 1961)
Apis mellifera nubica (Ruttner, 1976) (Nubian Honey Bee)
Apis mellifera pomonella (Sheppard & Meixner, 2003)
Apis mellifera remipes (Gerstäcker, 1862)
Apis mellifera ruttneri (Sheppard, Arias, Grech & Meixner, 1997)
Apis mellifera sahariensis (Baldensperger, 1932)
Apis mellifera scutellata (Lepeletier, 1836) (African honey bee)
Apis mellifera sicula (Montagano, 1911)
Apis mellifera silvarum (Alpatov, 1935)
Apis mellifera sossimai (Engel, 1999) (Ukrainian Honey Bee)
Apis mellifera syriaca (Skorikov, 1829) (Syrian Honey Bee)
Apis mellifera taurica (Alpatov, 1935) (Crimean Honey Bee)
Apis mellifera unicolor (Latreille, 1804)

Apis (Apis) mellifera
Subspecies43
Common namesWestern honey bee, European honey bee, Honey Bees, Honey bee
German namesHonigbiene, Europäische Honigbiene, Westliche Honigbiene
Dutch namesHoningbij
Danish namesHonningbi
Finnish namesKesymehiläinen, Tarhamehiläinen
Norwegian namesHonningbie
Swedish namesHonungsbi
Spanish namesAbeja europea, Abeja doméstica, Abeja melífera
Italian namesApe
French namesAbeille domestique, Abeille européenne
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire)), North England (Northwest England (Cheshire))))), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily)), Iberian Peninsula (Spain (Balearic Islands (Majorca, Ibiza, Minorca, Formentera)), Portugal, Andorra)), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia, Montenegro), Macedonia), Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Albania), Central Europe (Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), East Europe (Belarus, Ukraine), Malta
Asia
Far East (East Asia (China (Central China (South-central China (Hong Kong))), Taiwan, Japan, Korea (North Korea, South Korea)), Southeast Asia (Singapore, Malaysia)), South Asia (India, Afghanistan), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Israel, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Yemen, Iraq)), Central Asia (Tajikistan, Turkestan (Uzbekistan)), North Asia
Caucasus
Armenia, Georgia
Russia
Siberia
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (Tasmania, East Australia (Queensland (South East Queensland (Brisbane), Desert Uplands (Brigalow Belt North)), New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory (Canberra), Sydney Basin, Riverina, Royal National Park, NSW North Coast, Cobar Peneplain, South West Slopes), Victoria (Melbourne (Ferntree Gully))), Northern Territory, South Australia (Adelaide, Kangaroo Island, South Eastern Highlands), West Australia (Perth), Jervis Bay Territory), New Guinea (East New Guinea)
Melanesia
New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea (Madang), Fiji
Polynesia
New Zealand, Hawaii, French Polynesia, Pitcairn Islands
Micronesia
Guam, Northern Mariana Islands
Africa
East Africa
Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Indian Ocean islands (Madagascar, Seychelles, Comoro Islands (Comoros)), Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Burundi, Rwanda, Eritrea
Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
North Africa
Tunisia, Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Cape Verde), Sudan, Morocco, Algeria, Libya
West Africa
Togo, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Mali, Senegal, Benin, Burkina Faso
Southern Africa
Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland, Republic South Africa
America
South America
Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, French Guiana, Peru, Paraguay, Argentina, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Chile, Uruguay
North America
Mexico, USA (Florida, Louisiana, California, Montana, Illinois, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Texas, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Arizona, New Mexico, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Alabama, New York, Virginia, Iowa, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Nebraska, South Dakota, Delaware, Vermont, North Dakota), Canada (Alberta, Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador), Bermuda Islands (Bermuda)
Central America
Guatemala, Belize, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras
Caribbean
Caribbean islands (Antilles (Greater Antilles (Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti), Lesser Antilles (Windward Islands (Dominica, Martinique, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), Leeward Islands (Guadeloupe, Virgin Islands (British Virgin Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands), Montserrat, Saba, Sint Eustatius), Saint Lucia)), Bahamas, Trinidad and Tobago, Curaçao, Saint Barthélemy)


Ecozones:

Nearctic
Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Quaternary
Holocene


CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Micronesia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Distr. infoWorldwide
Links and ReferencesApis mellifera in bie.ala.org.au
Apis mellifera in faunaeur.org
Apis mellifera in insectidentification.org
Apis mellifera in itis.gov
Apis mellifera in dyntaxa.se
Apis mellifera in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. European honey bee - Apis mellifera
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderHymenoptera
Wasps, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Ants and wasps
SuborderApocrita
True wasps, Bees, Ants, Narrow-waisted hymenopterans, Parasitic wasps, Wasps
InfraorderAculeata
Stinging wasps
SuperfamilyApoidea
Solitary Bees, Social Bees, Apoid Wasps, Bees, Sphecoid wasps
FamilyApidae
Stingless bees, Honey bees, Euglossines, Bumble bees, Cuckoo Bees, Carpenter Bees, Digger Bees, Long-tongued Bees
SubfamilyApinae
Honey bees, Stingless bees, Orchid bees, Bumble Bees, Long-horned Bees, Digger Bees
TribeApini
Honey bees
GenusApis
Honey bees
SubgenusApis
Honey bees
Speciesmellifera
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee, European honey bee, Honey Bees, Honey bee
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Apis adami
Apis adansoniii
Apis aenigmaticus
Apis anatoliaca
Apis armeniaca
Apis australis
Apis caffra_homonym
Apis capensis
Apis carnica
Apis caucasica
Apis cecropia
Apis cerifera
Apis cypria
Apis daurica
Apis fasciata_homonym
Apis gregaria
Apis iberica
Apis intermissa
Apis lamarckii
Apis lehzeni
Apis ligustica
Apis litorea
Apis macedonica
Apis meda
Apis mellifera
Apis mellifera adami
Apis mellifera adansoni
Apis mellifera anatoliaca
Apis mellifera artemisia
Apis mellifera capensis
Apis mellifera carnica
Apis mellifera carpatica
Apis mellifera caucasia
Apis mellifera cecropia
Apis mellifera cypria
Apis mellifera iberiensis
Apis mellifera intermissa
Apis mellifera jemenitica
Apis mellifera lamarckii
Apis mellifera ligustica
Apis mellifera litorea
Apis mellifera macedonica
Apis mellifera major
Apis mellifera meda
Apis mellifera mellifera
Apis mellifera monticola
Apis mellifera nubica
Apis mellifera remipes
Apis mellifera ruttneri
Apis mellifera sahariensis
Apis mellifera scutellata
Apis mellifera siciliana
Apis mellifera sicula
Apis mellifera simensis
Apis mellifera sossimai
Apis mellifera syriaca
Apis mellifera taurica
Apis mellifera unicolor
Apis mellifica
Apis mellifica banatica
Apis mellifica germanica
Apis mellifica hymettea
Apis mellifica rodopica
Apis monticola
Apis nigritarum
Apis remipes
Apis remipes armeniaca
Apis sahariensis
Apis scutellata
Apis sicula
Apis syriaca
Apis taurica
Apis trigona
Apis unicolor
Apis yemenitica
 
Subspecies
Apis mellifera acervorum
Apis mellifera adami
Apis mellifera adamii
Apis mellifera adansoni
Apis mellifera adansonii
Apis mellifera anatoliaca
Apis mellifera anatolica
Apis mellifera armeniaca
Apis mellifera artemisia
Apis mellifera capensis
Apis mellifera carnica
Apis mellifera caucasia
Apis mellifera caucasica
Apis mellifera cecropia
Apis mellifera cercopia
Apis mellifera cypria
Apis mellifera iberica
Apis mellifera iberiensis
Apis mellifera intermissa
Apis mellifera jemenitica
Apis mellifera lamarckii
Apis mellifera ligustica
Apis mellifera lihzeni
Apis mellifera litorea
Apis mellifera macedonica
Apis mellifera madaros
Apis mellifera major
Apis mellifera meda
Apis mellifera mellifera
Apis mellifera monticola
Apis mellifera nubica
Apis mellifera pomonella
Apis mellifera remipes
Apis mellifera ruttneri
Apis mellifera sahariensis
Apis mellifera scutellata
Apis mellifera siciliana
Apis mellifera sicula
Apis mellifera silvarum
Apis mellifera sossimai
Apis mellifera syriaca
Apis mellifera taurica
Apis mellifera unicolor
 Species overview
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