|Propolis is a mixture of different substances, that is mainly found in the openings, crevices and cracks of hives. |
The base of propolis is a natural resin which is collected by honeybees, from buds or damaged areas on various trees, and is then processed and enriched.
As bees need a temperature of around 35 degrees Celsius to live together in the hive, good conditions prevail for the spread of diseases. Propolis is a plastic material and is therefore used to seal surfaces and even the smallest openings in the beehive. As a result of its composition, propolis has a strong antibiotic effect and kills fungi and microorganisms introduced into the hive.
Propolis is of importance medically. Nevertheless it is only used after cleaning and processing. Propolis preparations are subject to the law of medicines.
The areas in which propolis is used include the following: the treatment of inflammations in the oral cavity, cancer therapy, wound care, acne therapy, sunburn, dental hygiene, pain relief for mouth ulcers and strengthening of the immune system. In some pets it is used to fight or prevent worms.
A risk exists for people who are allergic to propolis. . Although in most cases, skin irritation and blistering can be observed, the occurrence of life-threatening conditions cannot be ruled out.
|Royal jelly is the name of a juice (secretions of the hypopharyngeal glands) with which honey bees feed their larvae and all of their queens. The whole brood of the hive are fed with royal jelly during the first three larval stages, thereafter, the larvae of the workers receive more honey or pollen, while the larvae of the queens are given royal jelly until the end of their development. Royal jelly contains amongst other things, carbohydrates, protein, B vitamins and trace elements. |
The production of royal jelly takes place in specialized hives/ OR is a specialised form of beekeeping and involves more or less complicated procedures. The royal jelly sold in Germany is largely from China. Due to the fact that the procedure requires removing the queen, and the colony is exposed to extreme stress, the production of royal jelly in Germany has little public support.
Royal jelly and propolis are used as raw materials in pharmaceutical products. However, it is also consumed in its pure form and is a legal food substance. Royal jelly can cause allergic reactions in humans even when it has been processed in some way.