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Xylocopa violacea - bees - blue shimmering wings
Xylocopa violacea - bees - blue shimmering wings


The European carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea)
The European carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea) is of the order Hymenoptera and belongs to the bee family. It is found in Southern and Central Europe and is one of the largest wild bees in Germany. Xylocopa violacea are 20 to 28 mm in length. They are almost black in colour and have hairs which are dark grey. Their wings are dark brown with a shimmer of blue. The European carpenter bee inhabits warmer areas and prefers river valleys, forest edges and gardens.
Xylocopa violacea
Xylocopa violacea
Both males and females overwinter. In spring they mate. When it is time to lay eggs the female gnaws a tunnel into dead wood, up to 30 cm in length. At the end of the tunnel is a cell which is approximately 2.5 cm wide ; the female brings pollen and nectar here and lays an egg. She then seals the cell with chippings which she glues together with her saliva. In the direction of the exit the female then builds a new cell and then another and so on. When the larvae hatch they are like maggots and they develop for 3 weeks. They then turn into pupae and finish their development in June.
Xylocopa violacea - side face
Xylocopa violacea - side face
Adult Xylocopa violacea fly in summer, autumn and the following spring. Their main food sources are pollen and nectar. People are rarely stung by Xylocopa violacea.
Xylocopa violacea - Front vies
Xylocopa violacea - Front vies
Bee - Xylocopa violacea
Bee - Xylocopa violacea
Xylocopa violacea hanging on a flower
Xylocopa violacea hanging on a flower
Black Bee with blue wings
Black Bee with blue wings
Side view of a Xylocopa violacea
Side view of a Xylocopa violacea
Xylocopa violacea - Rear view
Xylocopa violacea - Rear view
Xylocopa violacea
Xylocopa violacea

Xylocopa (Xylocopa) violacea
Common namesViolet carpenter bee, European Carpenter Bee
German namesGroße Holzbiene, Blaue Holzbiene, Blauschwarze Holzbiene, Holzbiene, Schwarze Holzbiene
Dutch namesBlauwzwarte houtbij
Danish namesTømrerbi
Finnish namesSinirautamehiläinen
Swedish namesSvartsnickarbi
French namesAbeille charpentière, Mouche charpentière
AuthorMüller, 1776
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Sweden, Denmark)), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Switzerland, Benelux (Netherlands)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Yugoslavia (Croatia, Macedonia))
Asia
Far East (Southeast Asia (Indonesia), East Asia (China, Mongolia)), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Israel, Iran, Oman)), Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan))
Caucasus
Georgia


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


CountriesAustria, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Macedonia, Mongolia, Netherlands, Oman, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesXylocopa violacea in faunaeur.org
Xylocopa violacea in itis.gov
Xylocopa violacea in dyntaxa.se
Xylocopa violacea in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Xylocopa violacea - bees - blue shimmering wings
2. Xylocopa violacea
3. Xylocopa violacea - side face
4. Xylocopa violacea - Front vies
5. Bee - Xylocopa violacea
6. Xylocopa violacea hanging on a flower
7. Black Bee with blue wings
8. Side view of a Xylocopa violacea
9. Xylocopa violacea - Rear view
10. Xylocopa violacea
Quick search: Xylocopa - Violacea - Bee - Black - Wings - Blue
Bees - European - Grey - Female - Winged - Size - Brown - Larvae
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderHymenoptera
Wasps, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Ants and wasps
SuborderApocrita
True wasps, Bees, Ants, Narrow-waisted hymenopterans, Parasitic wasps, Wasps
InfraorderAculeata
Stinging wasps
SuperfamilyApoidea
Solitary Bees, Social Bees, Apoid Wasps, Bees, Sphecoid wasps
FamilyApidae
Stingless bees, Honey bees, Euglossines, Bumble bees, Cuckoo Bees, Carpenter Bees, Digger Bees, Long-tongued Bees
SubfamilyXylocopinae
Carpenter bees
TribeXylocopini
Carpenter bees, Large carpenter bees
GenusXylocopa
Carpenter bees, Large Carpenter Bees, Large carpenter bee
SubgenusXylocopa
Carpenter bees, Large Carpenter Bees, Large carpenter bee
Speciesviolacea
Xylocopa violacea
Violet carpenter bee, European Carpenter Bee
AuthorMüller, 1776
 
Synonyms
Apis insubrica
Apis violacea
Xylocopa femorata
Xylocopa violacea ab
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Blaue Holzbiene
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