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Long-jointed beetles - Lagriinae
Long-jointed beetles - Lagriinae


Darkling beetles
Darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae), also called darkening beetles are a family of beetles which include approximately 20,000 species worldwide, 70 of which are found in Central Europe. Some examples are: the mealworm beetle, superworm, Blaps mortisaga, Blaps lethifera, Onymacris plana, Namib Desert beetle, Pedinus femoralis, Opatrum sabulosum, Phaleria cadaverina, Diaperis boleti, Scaphidema metallicum, Confused flour beetle, Alphitobius diaperinus, Gnathocerus cornutus and Uloma culinaris.

Darkling beetles are 1 to 100 mm in length. Their body shape varies. They are easily confused with beetles from other families. They range in shape from broad, oval and round to long and flat. The beetle can be completely black in colour, black-brown, brown or reddish-yellow. Some species have dots. While the neck shield is mostly the same breadth, the wing covers vary, in some species they are fused together and the second pair of wings is shortened. The antennae comprise 11 parts. Some species have defence glands at the end of their abdomen with which they can exude malodorous secretions. The beetle larvae are long, round and yellowish in color.

Darkling beetles prefer hot and sandy habitats (deserts, steppes (large areas of flat unforested grassland). They are tyically encountered in dead wood, bark, straw, hay, leaves, tree fungi , abandoned nests, and even in buildings.

Both adult and darkling beetle larvae are herbivores or omnivores. They often live in in the company of other darkling beetles and feed on rotting plants, seeds, mushrooms or dead insects. Darkling beetles can cause major damage at food warehouses (Larvae of Meal worm beetles).

Genera2.438
Species21.366
Common namesDarkling beetles, Toktokkie beetles, False wireworms, Mealworms
German namesSchwarzkäfer, Düsterkäfer, Dunkelkäfer
Dutch namesZwartlijven
Danish namesSkyggebiller
Finnish namesPimikkökuoriaiset
Norwegian namesSkyggebiller
Swedish namesSvartbaggar
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Indo-Australian region


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, Somaliland, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesTenebrionidae in bie.ala.org.au
Tenebrionidae in faunaeur.org
Tenebrionidae in itis.gov
Tenebrionidae in dyntaxa.se
Tenebrionidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Darkling beetles"
- Lagriinae
  - Lagria hirta
- Pimelia interjecta
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Long-jointed beetles - Lagriinae
Quick search: Beetles - Beetle - Herbivores - Wings - Larvae - Brown
Pair - Tenebrionidae - European - Wing - Feed - Harmful - Trees - Adult
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderColeoptera
Beetles, Coleopterans
SuborderPolyphaga
Polyphags
InfraorderCucujiformia
SuperfamilyTenebrionoidea
Fungus, Bark, Darkling and Blister Beetles, Fungus Beetles
FamilyTenebrionidae
Darkling beetles, Toktokkie beetles, False wireworms, Mealworms
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 
Synonyms
Alleculidae (Laporte, 1840)
Cossyphodidae (Wasmann, 1899)
Lagriidae (Latreille, 1825)
Nilionidae (Champion, 1888)
Petriidae (Semenov, 1893)
Rhysopaussidae (Wasmann, 1896)
Tentyriidae (Solier, 1835)
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Schwarzkäfer
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Frequent Queries:
darkling beetles in hay (3)
darkling beetle have a pair of wings that are fused (2)
pictures of darkling beetles (2)
are darkling beetles herbivores (2)
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the parts of the darkling beetle (1)
pictures of confused beetles darling beetle (1)
pedinus femoralis adult picture (1)
darkling beetle phaleria cadaverina adaptations (1)