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European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female


European rhinoceros beetle
The European rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes nasicornis) is a species in the order beetles (Coleoptera), the family Scarabaeidae, the subfamily Dynastinae, and the genus Oryctes. This species is widespread in Europe, North Africa and Southeast Asia.
Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
Adult European rhinoceros beetles reach body lengths of 25 - 45 mm. Their body is big, cylindrical in shape and has a reddish-brown to dark brown - almost black - colour. The males have a backward curved horn on their heads, while the females have only a small hump. The underside of the beetle and the legs are covered in golden red hairs.
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
European rhinoceros beetles can fly. They live in oak forests and are often found close to human settlements, on compost heaps, sawdust or between (rotting) straw bales. They are thought to feed on tree juices.
Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Their larvae are up to 120 mm in length. The larvae prefer to live in and feed on rotting wood and develop in oak forests or in places where other plant material rots. During their development (3 to 5 years) they profit from the warmth created by the decomposition of the plant material. The mature larvae pupate in a cavity approximately the size of an egg, surrounded by a cocoon. The adult beetle hatches and remains in this dwelling for a few weeks. Adult rhinoceros beetles can be observed outdoors from June onwards. They fly at night. Their life expectancy is around 4-5 weeks.

Oryctes (Oryctes) nasicornis
Subspecies21
Common namesEuropean rhinoceros beetle, Rhinoceros beetle
German namesNashornkäfer, Nashörniger Dungkäfer
Dutch namesNeushoornkever
Danish namesNæsehornsbille
Finnish namesSarvikuonokas
Norwegian namesNeshornbille
Swedish namesNoshornsbagge
Italian namesScarabeo rinoceronte
French namesScarabée rhinocéros européen, Rhinocéros, Scarabée rhinocéros, Orycte commun rhinocéros
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (Germany (West Germany (North Germany (Lower Saxony), North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)), British Isles (United Kingdom)), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), Switzerland), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily)), Iberian Peninsula (Spain (Balearic Islands (Majorca)), Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Macedonia), Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Balkan), East Europe (Belarus, Ukraine), Malta
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey (Asia Minor), Saudi Arabia, Cyprus, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Iran)), South Asia (Afghanistan, India (North India (Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmir)))), Central Asia (Tajikistan, Turkestan (Kazakhstan (Northeast Kazakhstan), Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)), North Asia, Far East (East Asia (China))
Caucasus
Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia
Russia
Siberia (West Siberia)
America
Central America
Guatemala
Africa
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco


Ecozones: Palaearctic

Fossils:

Cenozoic
Neogene
Pliocene (Upper Pliocene)


CountriesAfghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Links and ReferencesOryctes nasicornis in faunaeur.org
Oryctes nasicornis in dyntaxa.se
Oryctes nasicornis in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
2. Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
3. European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
4. Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Quick search: Beetle - Rhinoceros - European - Oryctes - Life - Female
Span - Species - Adult - Fly - Brown - Body - Insects - Beetles
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderColeoptera
Beetles, Coleopterans
SuborderPolyphaga
Polyphags
InfraorderScarabaeiformia
SuperfamilyScarabaeoidea
Scarab Beetles, Stag Beetles, Bess Beetles, Dung Beetles, DŽor Beetles, Chafer
FamilyScarabaeidae
Scarabs, Scarab beetles, Fruit chafers, Dung beetles, Monkey beetles, Flower beetles, Rain beetles, Tumble bugs
SubfamilyDynastinae
Rhinoceros beetles, Horn beetles
TribeOryctini
GenusOryctes
Rhinoceros beetles
SubgenusOryctes
Rhinoceros beetles
Speciesnasicornis
Oryctes nasicornis
European rhinoceros beetle, Rhinoceros beetle
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Oryctes progressiva
Oryctes progressivus
Oryctus nasutus
Scarabaeus nasicornis
 
Subspecies
Oryctes nasicornis afghanistanicus
Oryctes nasicornis birmanicus
Oryctes nasicornis chersonensis
Oryctes nasicornis corniculatus
Oryctes nasicornis edithae
Oryctes nasicornis grypus
Oryctes nasicornis hindenburgi
Oryctes nasicornis holdhausi
Oryctes nasicornis illigeri
Oryctes nasicornis kuntzeni
Oryctes nasicornis laevigatus
Oryctes nasicornis latipennis
Oryctes nasicornis mariei
Oryctes nasicornis nasicornis
Oryctes nasicornis ondrejanus
Oryctes nasicornis polonicus
Oryctes nasicornis przevalskii
Oryctes nasicornis punctipennis
Oryctes nasicornis shiraticus
Oryctes nasicornis transcaspicus
Oryctes nasicornis turkestanicus
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Nashornkäfer
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Frequent Queries:
European rhinoceros beetle (9)
European Rhinoceros Beetle facts (7)
Oryctes nasicornis (4)
european rhinocerous beetle (2)
a well labelled diagram of european rhinoceros beetle (2)
labelled diagram of a rhino beetle (2)
diagram of a rhinoceros beetle (2)
large labelled diagram of rhinoceros beetle (2)
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