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European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female

European rhinoceros beetle
The European rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes nasicornis) is a species in the order beetles (Coleoptera), the family Scarabaeidae, the subfamily Dynastinae, and the genus Oryctes. This species is widespread in Europe, North Africa and Southeast Asia.
Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
Adult European rhinoceros beetles reach body lengths of 25 - 45 mm. Their body is big, cylindrical in shape and has a reddish-brown to dark brown - almost black - colour. The males have a backward curved horn on their heads, while the females have only a small hump. The underside of the beetle and the legs are covered in golden red hairs.
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
European rhinoceros beetles can fly. They live in oak forests and are often found close to human settlements, on compost heaps, sawdust or between (rotting) straw bales. They are thought to feed on tree juices.
Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Their larvae are up to 120 mm in length. The larvae prefer to live in and feed on rotting wood and develop in oak forests or in places where other plant material rots. During their development (3 to 5 years) they profit from the warmth created by the decomposition of the plant material. The mature larvae pupate in a cavity approximately the size of an egg, surrounded by a cocoon. The adult beetle hatches and remains in this dwelling for a few weeks. Adult rhinoceros beetles can be observed outdoors from June onwards. They fly at night. Their life expectancy is around 4-5 weeks.

Oryctes (Oryctes) nasicornis
Common namesEuropean rhinoceros beetle, Rhinoceros beetle
German namesNashornkäfer, Nashörniger Dungkäfer
Dutch namesNeushoornkever
Danish namesNæsehornsbille
Finnish namesSarvikuonokas
Norwegian namesNeshornbille
Swedish namesNoshornsbagge
Italian namesScarabeo rinoceronte
French namesScarabée rhinocéros européen, Rhinocéros, Scarabée rhinocéros, Orycte commun rhinocéros
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758

North Europe (Germany (West Germany (North Germany (Lower Saxony), North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)), British Isles (United Kingdom)), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), Switzerland), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily)), Iberian Peninsula (Spain (Balearic Islands (Majorca)), Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Macedonia), Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Balkan), East Europe (Belarus, Ukraine), Malta
West Asia (Near East (Turkey (Asia Minor), Saudi Arabia, Cyprus, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Iran)), South Asia (Afghanistan, India (North India (Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmir)))), Central Asia (Tajikistan, Turkestan (Kazakhstan (Northeast Kazakhstan), Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)), North Asia, Far East (East Asia (China))
Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia
Siberia (West Siberia)
Central America
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco

Ecozones: Palaearctic


Pliocene (Upper Pliocene)

CountriesAfghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Iran, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Links and ReferencesOryctes nasicornis in
Oryctes nasicornis in
Oryctes nasicornis in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
2. Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
3. European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
4. Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Quick search: Beetle - Rhinoceros - European - Oryctes - Life - Female
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Insects, True insects
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Scarab Beetles, Stag Beetles, Bess Beetles, Dung Beetles, DŽor Beetles, Chafer
Scarabs, Scarab beetles, Fruit chafers, Dung beetles, Monkey beetles, Flower beetles, Rain beetles, Tumble bugs
Rhinoceros beetles, Horn beetles
Rhinoceros beetles
Rhinoceros beetles
Oryctes nasicornis
European rhinoceros beetle, Rhinoceros beetle
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
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European rhinoceros beetle (9)
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Oryctes nasicornis (4)
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