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European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female

European rhinoceros beetle
The European rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes nasicornis) is a species in the order beetles (Coleoptera), the family Scarabaeidae, the subfamily Dynastinae, and the genus Oryctes. This species is widespread in Europe, North Africa and Southeast Asia.
Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
Adult European rhinoceros beetles reach body lengths of 25 - 45 mm. Their body is big, cylindrical in shape and has a reddish-brown to dark brown - almost black - colour. The males have a backward curved horn on their heads, while the females have only a small hump. The underside of the beetle and the legs are covered in golden red hairs.
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
European rhinoceros beetles can fly. They live in oak forests and are often found close to human settlements, on compost heaps, sawdust or between (rotting) straw bales. They are thought to feed on tree juices.
Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Oryctes nasicornis - Head
Their larvae are up to 120 mm in length. The larvae prefer to live in and feed on rotting wood and develop in oak forests or in places where other plant material rots. During their development (3 to 5 years) they profit from the warmth created by the decomposition of the plant material. The mature larvae pupate in a cavity approximately the size of an egg, surrounded by a cocoon. The adult beetle hatches and remains in this dwelling for a few weeks. Adult rhinoceros beetles can be observed outdoors from June onwards. They fly at night. Their life expectancy is around 4-5 weeks.

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. European Rhinoceros Beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
2. Scarab beetle - Oryctes nasicornis - female
3. European Rhinoceros Beetle - Side view
4. Oryctes nasicornis - Head
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