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Calomera littoralis
Calomera littoralis

Calomera littoralis
Calomera littoralis, synonym Lophyridia littoralis or Cicindela littoralis, belong to the genus Calomera, in the order beetles (Coleoptera), the suborder Adephaga, the superfamily Caraboidea, the family ground beetles (Carabidae), the subfamily tiger beetles (Cicindelinae), the tribe Cicindelini and the subtribe Cicindelinae. Some examples of subspecies of Calomera littoralis are: Calomera littoralis littoralis, Calomera littoralis conjunctaepustulata, Calomera littoralis fiorii, Calomera littoralis nemoralis and Calomera littoralis winkleri.

Calomera littoralis probably originated in North Africa and spread from there throughout the Mediterranean region to Asia. North of the Alps, this species has only been found in Austria.
Cicindelinae - Calomera littoralis
Cicindelinae - Calomera littoralis
Adult Calomera littoralis reach body lengths of 10-17 mm. Their bodies are flat, dark with a slight copper sheen on the upper surface and with a diffuse blue-green shimmer on the underside. The head of the beetle is angular. The forehead and the sides of the head have grooves and there is long hair on the cheeks. Calomera littoralis have very prominent eyes. This beetle has a very large field of vision.

The thread-like antennae comprise 11 segments, 6 of which have a velvet-like surface.
The abdomen consists of 6 segments, the first few of which are conjoined. Calomera littoralis have grainy elytra with white patches which form stripes. The patches on the shoulders are "C" shaped. The legs vary in colour and are long limbed which enables these insects to advance rapidly.
Calomera littoralis prefer to live in open habitats with sparse or no vegetation in proximity to salty or fresh water. These diurnal beetles are very shy and only appear after prolonged periods of sunshine.

They prey on insects and arthropods. This species is endangered. Birds and other insect eaters pose a threat, especially during mating.

The fertilized females lay their eggs in sand. When the larvae hatch, they dig a burrow, which is connected to the surface of the sand by a steep upward path. The larvae also feed on insects (on the sandís surface) and they draw back into their dens when the temperature drops.

Calomera littoralis
AuthorJohann Christian Fabricius, 1787

South Asia (India, Afghanistan, Pakistan), Far East (East Asia (Mongolia, China (West China (Northwest China (Gansu)), North China (Tianjin, Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi), Central China (North-central China (Henan)), Manchuria (Liaoning)))), Central Asia (Tajikistan, Turkestan (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan)), West Asia (Near East (Iran, Turkey, Cyprus, Jordan, Israel, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia))
East Europe (Ukraine), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sardinia, Sicily)), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica))), Central Europe (Hungary, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Yugoslavia (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia, Montenegro)), Albania, Moldova), Malta
Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya

Ecozones: Palaearctic

Distribution by Synonymus:
Cicindela lunulata aulicoides   syntype,
CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Taxonomic statussyntype

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1. Calomera littoralis
2. Cicindelinae - Calomera littoralis
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Calomera littoralis
AuthorFabricius, 1787
Cicindela lunulata aulicoides
Calomera littoralis afghana
Calomera littoralis aulicoides
Calomera littoralis conjunctaepustulata
Calomera littoralis fiorii
Calomera littoralis littoralis
Calomera littoralis mandli
Calomera littoralis mongolensis
Calomera littoralis nemoralis
Calomera littoralis peipingensis
Calomera littoralis quadripunctata
Calomera littoralis reductemaculata
Calomera littoralis winkleri
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Calomera littoralis (6)
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velvet ground beetle (1)
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