Insects Database
 Insects and other Arthropoda
 Beetles
 Ladybirds
 22-spot ladybird
 Asian lady beetle
 Cream-spot ladybird
 Cream-spot Ladybird
 Cream-streaked ladybird
 Eighteen-spotted ladybird
 Eleven-spot ladybird
 Eyed ladybird
 Hippodamia undecimnotata
 Kidney-spot Ladybird
 Larch Ladybird
 Oenopia conglobata
 Orange Ladybird
 Pine Ladybird
 Propylea quatuordecimpunctata
 Seven-spot ladybird
 Ten-spotted ladybird
 Two-spotted lady beetle
 Species overview
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Harmonia axyridis - Front view
Harmonia axyridis - Front view


Ladybirds (ladybugs, lady beetles)
Ladybirds (Coccinellidae) are a diverse family within the order Beetles.
The body of the ladybird is dome-shaped, shortened or oval. They are between 1 to 12 mm in length. The head, chest and underside are usually black however some have a light brown to red-brown underside. The coloring of the head depends on the rest of the body and is sometimes different to the coloring of the body. The body color ranges from light beige to yellow, orange, all the brown tones, pink, red to black. Young ladybirds are initially white or yellowish. The coloring serves as a warning to enemies. There are hairy species of ladybirds.
Beetle - Orange ladybird
Beetle - Orange ladybird
It is characteristic of the ladybird to have symmetrical spots on the wing covers. The color of these spots can be black, bright red, or brown. The number of spots varies. There are species with 2, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22 and 24 spots. Furthermore the number of spots within a species can also vary.
Propylaea quatuordecimpunctata
Propylaea quatuordecimpunctata
The larvae of ladybirds can look very different to each other, but they are mostly elongated and plump. They are blue-grey, brown or yellow in color with yellow, orange or red spots. One can often determine from the coloring of the larvae what their coloring will be as adults. Some larvae are similar to those of the dragonfly.
Seven-spot ladybird
Seven-spot ladybird
Ladybirds are found throughout the world, but more commonly in warmer climates. They live in forests, meadows, dry grass, moors, heaths, parks and gardens. Furthermore the length of the routes they fly varies: short when searching for food and long when searching for places to overwinter. Ladybirds often occur in swarms.
Asian lady beetle with six points
Asian lady beetle with six points
Ladybirds eat aphids, scale insects, powdery mildew, fungi, Spider mites, true bugs, thrips, beetle larvae, or larvae of Tenthredinidae and larvae of Lepidoptera. When food is short ladybirds also feed on plant substances. Cannibalism can be encountered among both adult ladybirds and their larvae.
Asian lady beetle with elytrons cushy opened
Asian lady beetle with elytrons cushy opened
Natural enemies of the ladybird are: ground beetles, Reduviidae , birds, lizards, shrews and frogs. The Dinocampus coccinellae (a parasitoid wasp) is a specialized enemy. Certain Hymenoptera, aphids and nematodes also have a harmful, parasitic relationship with ladybirds.
Asian lady beetle - exposing what´s hidden under its elytrons
Asian lady beetle - exposing what´s hidden under its elytrons
As ladybirds eat pests they are considered useful by humans. However In Europe the Subcoccinella vigintiquatuorpunctata can be harmful, especially if it occurs in alfalfa , sugar beets, clover, potatoes, carnations and dahlias.
Three Seven-spot ladybirds
Three Seven-spot ladybirds
Ladybug full of pollen
Ladybug full of pollen

Genera496
Species6.589
Common namesLady cows, Lady beetles, God´s cows, Ladybird beetles, Ladybugs, Ladybirds, Coccinelles
German namesMarienkäfer
Dutch namesLieveheersbeestjes, Kapoentjes
Danish namesMariehøns
Finnish namesLeppäkertut, Leppäpirkot
Norwegian namesMarihøner
Swedish namesNyckelpigor
AuthorLatreille, 1807
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesCoccinellidae in bie.ala.org.au
Coccinellidae in faunaeur.org
Coccinellidae in itis.gov
Coccinellidae in dyntaxa.se
Coccinellidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Ladybirds"
- Asian lady beetle
  - Variants
- Orange Ladybird
- seven-spot ladybird
- Propylea quatuordecimpunctata
- two-spotted lady beetle
- 22-spot ladybird
- Larch Ladybird
- Pine Ladybird
- Eleven-spot ladybird
- Eyed ladybird
- Cream-spot ladybird
- Cream-streaked ladybird
- Eighteen-spotted ladybird
- Hippodamia undecimnotata
- Ten-spotted ladybird
- Oenopia conglobata
- Kidney-spot Ladybird
- Cream-spot Ladybird
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Harmonia axyridis - Front view
2. Beetle - Orange ladybird
3. Propylaea quatuordecimpunctata
4. Seven-spot ladybird
5. Asian lady beetle with six points
6. Asian lady beetle with elytrons cushy opened
7. Asian lady beetle - exposing what´s hidden under its elytrons
8. Three Seven-spot ladybirds
9. Ladybug full of pollen
Quick search: Ladybird - Ladybirds - Axyridis - Harmonia - Beetle - Lady
Orange - Beetles - Enemies - Beige - Red - Brown - Spots - White
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderColeoptera
Beetles, Coleopterans
SuborderPolyphaga
Polyphags
InfraorderCucujiformia
SuperfamilyCucujoidea
Sap Beetles, Bark Beetles, Fungus Beetles, Lady Beetles, Ladybirds, Silken Fungus Beetles, Minute Brown Scavenger Beetles, Root-eating Beetles, Pollen Beetles, Flower Beetles
FamilyCoccinellidae
Lady cows, Lady beetles, God´s cows, Ladybird beetles, Ladybugs, Ladybirds, Coccinelles
AuthorLatreille, 1807
 
Synonyms
Coccindellidae
Coccinellides (Leach In Brewster, 1815)
Epilachnidae
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Marienkäfer
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