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Spotted longhorn
Spotted longhorn


Spotted longhorn
The spotted longhorn (Rutpela maculata) is a species of the genus Rutpela, in the order beetles (Coleoptera), the suborder Polyphaga, the infraorder Cucujiformia, the superfamily Chrysomeloidea, the family longhorn beetles, long-horned beetles or longicorns (Cerambycidae), the subfamily Lepturinae and the tribe Lepturini. Strangalia maculata and Leptura maculata are scientific synonyms for this species. The spotted longhorn is widespread from Western, Central and Southern Europe to West Asia. It is found throughout Germany butis only occasionally encountered.
Rutpela maculata
Rutpela maculata
Adult Rutpela maculata reach body lengths of 14 - 20 mm. Their bodies are elongated and slimly built. Their base colour is black. The antennae are alternately black and yellow. The wing covers (elytra ) are yellow, usually with black markings towards the front. There are spots / patches on the wing tips, more or less associated with black crossing bands. The markings and colouration of the wing covers vary greatly in this species, and they serve to mislead other insects through wasp mimicry.
Longhorn Beetle - Rutpela maculata
Longhorn Beetle - Rutpela maculata
There are specimens whose elytra are completely yellow and those in which they appear almost black. The legs of these beetles are also alternately black and yellow. These colour patterns, as well as those on their antennae, occuronly in the spotted longhorn. By rubbing their wing covers on their hind legs they can produce chirping sounds.
Rutpela maculata can be found from June to August in different habitats. They prefer deciduous forests, clumps of bushes or meadows with open areas. These beetles are diurnal and are often found on hawthorn or the parsley family, where they feed on pollen, nectar or parts of flowers. The preferred food plants of the adult beetles also include thistle(Cirsium arvense), orchid, chervil and hogweed.
The larvae of Rutpela maculata develop in rotten wood from deciduous trees (beech, oak, birch, hawthorn) and occasionally from conifers (pines), which they feed on leaving long tunnels. They pupate at the end of these passages after the last larval stage and hatch later as adult beetles.

Rutpela maculata
Subspecies3
Common namesSpotted Longhorn
German namesGefleckter Schmalbock
Danish namesSydlig blomsterbuk
Swedish namesFläckig blombock
French namesLepture tacheté
AuthorPoda, 1761
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire))))), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia), Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Moldova), East Europe (Ukraine (Crimea), Belarus)
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Syria)), Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan))
Caucasus
Georgia
Russia
America
North America
Mexico


Ecozones: Palaearctic

CountriesAlbania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Taxonomic statusSynonymus of Judolia antecurrens
Links and ReferencesRutpela maculata in dyntaxa.se
Rutpela maculata in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Spotted longhorn
2. Rutpela maculata
3. Longhorn Beetle - Rutpela maculata
Quick search: Beetle - Longhorn - Spotted - Maculata - Rutpela - Yellow
Black - Beetles - Family - Cerambycidae - Red - Wasp - Wings - Big
Sources, links and more informations
Rutpela maculata in commons.wikimedia
Rutpela in species.wikimedia
Rutpela maculata - a longhorn beetle
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderColeoptera
Beetles, Coleopterans
SuborderPolyphaga
Polyphags
InfraorderCucujiformia
SuperfamilyCerambycoidea
FamilyCerambycidae
Longhorn beetles, Long-horned beetles, Longicorns, Longicorn beetles, Long Horn beetles, Longhorned beetles, Roundheaded wood borers, Round-headed wood-borers
SubfamilyLepturinae
Flower longhorns, Lepturine beetles
TribeLepturini
GenusRutpela
Speciesmaculata
Rutpela maculata
Spotted Longhorn
AuthorPoda, 1761
 
Synonyms
Leptura armata
Leptura fasciata
Leptura maculata
Leptura nigra
Leptura quinquemaculata
Leptura rubea
Leptura scopoliana
Rutpela armata
Rutpela maculata
Stenocorus belga major
Stenocorus rubeus
Strangalia maculata
Strangalia maculata nicodi
 
Subspecies
Rutpela maculata irmasanica
Rutpela maculata maculata
Rutpela maculata nigricornis
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Gefleckter Schmalbock
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