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Staphylinidae
Staphylinidae


Rove beetles
Rove beetles (Staphylinidae) are members of the order Beetles. There are about 1,554 species in Germany and about, 47,000 globally. Some examples are: Bledius spectabilis, devil's coach-horse beetle, Ontholestes tessellatus, Oxyporus rufus, Paederus littoralis, Staphylinus caesareus, Tachyporus hypnorum, Velleius dilatatus and Anthophagus caraboides. The oldest fossil findings suggest that the rove beetle has been in existence for at least 220 million years.

The shape of the rove beetle’s body is very untypical of beetles’ Its body is usually elongated, and the wing covers are shortened, so that the abdomen is unprotected. The advantage of this is that the beetles have greater mobility when entering smallest cavities. The wings are enfolded by the wing covers. The body length of the rove beetle, (depending on type), ranges from 0.5 to 50 mm and the body is usually black or brown in colour. Occasionally species with a metallic blue-violet or blue colour can be encountered. Other species are very hairy. Most rove beetles are good fliers, and often swarm on warm evenings. While larger species of rove beetle search for food in the night, smaller species are active by day.

Rove beetles can be found in litter and humus in diverse habitats. In the species that live in the deeper layers of soil the eyes are poorly developed and they can not fly. Certain species of rove beetles are found in or on the edge of wetlands, other species, in deserts, mountains or near the polar regions. Most, however, live in the tropics.

The dietary habits of rove beetle larvae are generally the same as the adults. While most rove beetles are predatory some species eat fungi, or putrescent animals and plants. The larvae of some species live as parasites? on the pupaeof flies. There are species of rove beetle, which only inhabit birds' nests, mammals' nests, ants' nests, termites' nests or those of wasps. In ants' nests, rove beetles hunt for their hosts, eat carrion or decimate the hatching ants. Even as migrant guests they are to find amongst hunting ants’ armies where it occurs that they ‘ride’ ants instead of walking. Rove beetle have defence glands, the secretions of which can cause blistering and rashes in humans.

Some species of rove beetle can cause damage to strawberries or fruit trees. However, the rove beetle is enormously valuable for the soil and its remineralisation. Furthermore they eat many insects which are regarded as pests in agriculture and forestry.

Genera4.063
Species42.740
Common namesRove beetles, Short-winged mold beetles, Staphs
German namesKurzflügler, Kurzflügelkäfer, Halbflügler
Dutch namesKortschildkevers
Danish namesRovbiller
Finnish namesLyhytsiipiset, Lyhytsiipisiä
Norwegian namesKortvinger
Swedish namesKortvingar
AuthorLameere, 1900
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania
Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesStaphylinidae in bie.ala.org.au
Staphylinidae in faunaeur.org
Staphylinidae in itis.gov
Staphylinidae in dyntaxa.se
Staphylinidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Rove beetle"
- Philonthus cognatus
- Tachyporus obtusus
- Gyrohypnus fracticornis
- Ocypus ophthalmicus
- Philonthus marginatus
- Tachyporus chrysomelinus
- Stenus providus
- Ant-loving Beetles
  - Batrisodes buqueti
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Staphylinidae
Quick search: Rove - Beetle - Beetles - Blue - Metallic - Larvae
Carpet - Nest - Body - Wings - Eat - Hairy - Humans - Predatory
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderColeoptera
Beetles, Coleopterans
SuborderPolyphaga
Polyphags
InfraorderStaphyliniformia
SuperfamilyStaphylinoidea
Rove Beetles, Carrion Beetles, Fungus Beetles, Staphylinid Beetles
FamilyStaphylinidae
Rove beetles, Short-winged mold beetles, Staphs
AuthorLameere, 1900
 
Synonyms
Brathinidae
Dasyceridae
Empelidae
Micropeplidae
Oxyporidae
Oxytelidae
Scaphidiidae (Latreille, 1806)
Scydmaenidae (Leach, 1815)
Staphyliniae (Latreille, 1802)
Staphylinoidea (Ganglbauer, 1895)
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Kurzflügler
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