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Scarab beetle - Valgus hemipterus
Scarab beetle - Valgus hemipterus


Scarabs
The scarabs (Scarabaeidae), also known as scarab beetles, in the order beetles (Coleoptera), suborder Polyphaga, infraorder Scarabaeiformia and in the superfamily Scarabaeoidea, form a large and diverse family whose classification is not yet fully resolved. Subfamilies of the scarabs are: Acanthocerinae, Aegialiinae, Allidiostomainae, Aphodiinae, Cetoniinae, Dynastinae, Euchirinae, Melolonthinae, Orphninae, Pachypodinae, Phaenomeridinae, Phileurinae, Rutelinae, Scarabaeinae (in Europe only), Trichiinae and Valginae.
Scarabaeidae - Scarabaeus
Scarabaeidae - Scarabaeus
There are approximately 25,000 species of scarabs worldwide, about 700 of which can be encountered in Europe. Around 200 species exist in Central Europe. Adult scarabs reach body lengths ranging from 5-60 mm. These almost strongly-built beetles due to a big number of external characteristics allow a distinction by gender. In the case of the European rhinoceros beetle, the males have a distinctive "horn" on their foreheads.
Scarabaeidae
Scarabaeidae
Many species have a metallic sheen or are brightly coloured.The antennae have 3 to 7 segments (depending on the species) and widen at the top. By increasing blood pressure, these fins will increase even too. Some species have very broad, externally serrated forelegs, which help them when digging in the ground.
Scarab species may be diurnal or nocturnal. Adult beetles and larvae feed on decaying plant parts or on dung. Some species, such as Scarabaeus sacer, undertake an extraordinary high level of brood care, rolling manure into balls and keeping these in reserve as a food source for their larvae. Due to their ability to produce humus, these species are ecologically important. Other species, such as the May beetle (Melolontha melolontha), can cause serious damage in forestry and agriculture when appearing en masse.
The larvae of scarabs live in the soil, are C-shaped and known as grubs. They reach up to 70 mm in length and need 3 weeks to 5 years to develop from egg to chrysalis, depending on the species.

Genera1.740
Species27.971
Common namesScarabs, Scarab beetles, Fruit chafers, Dung beetles, Monkey beetles, Flower beetles, Rain beetles, Tumble bugs
German namesBlatthornkäfer
Dutch namesBladsprietkevers, Mestkevers
Danish namesTorbister
Finnish namesLehtisarviset
Norwegian namesSkarabider
Swedish namesBladhorningar
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Neotropical
Indo-Australian region
Indo-Pacific


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesScarabaeidae in bie.ala.org.au
Scarabaeidae in faunaeur.org
Scarabaeidae in itis.gov
Scarabaeidae in dyntaxa.se
Scarabaeidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Scarabs - Scarab beetles"
- Summer chafer
- Valgus hemipterus
- Oxythyrea funesta
- Onthophagus coenobita
- Scarabaeus laticollis
- Tropinota squalida
- Aphodius prodromus
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Scarab beetle - Valgus hemipterus
2. Scarabaeidae - Scarabaeus
3. Scarabaeidae
Quick search: Scarabaeus - Species - Scarabs - Beetles - Scarab - Larvae
Beetle - Europe - Scarabaeidae - Adult - Form - Dung - Infraorder - Food
Sources, links and more informations
Scarab beetles in Wikipedia
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderColeoptera
Beetles, Coleopterans
SuborderPolyphaga
Polyphags
InfraorderScarabaeiformia
SuperfamilyScarabaeoidea
Scarab Beetles, Stag Beetles, Bess Beetles, Dung Beetles, DŽor Beetles, Chafer
FamilyScarabaeidae
Scarabs, Scarab beetles, Fruit chafers, Dung beetles, Monkey beetles, Flower beetles, Rain beetles, Tumble bugs
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 
Synonyms
Cetoniidae (Leach, 1815)
 Species overview
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Keywords
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