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Tarnished Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis
Tarnished Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis


Lygus pratensis
Lygus pratensis belong to the family capsid bugs (Miridae). They are widespread in Europe, North Africa, North America and Asia.
Bugs - Lygus pratensis - Tarnished Plant Bug
Bugs - Lygus pratensis - Tarnished Plant Bug
Lygus pratensis reach body lengths of 6 - 7 mm. Their bodies are oval in shape and slightly flat. The males have a reddish brown to dark red upper surface, and the females, greenish-brown. The pronotum has a green base colour and the femalesí has a dark spot on each side. The scutellum is heart shaped, bright in colour and has a black spot on its front edge, just behind the pronotum.
Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis
Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis
Lygus pratensis live in forests, gardens and parks. They suck nectar from various plants and fruit trees. They prefer various herbaceous plants for their plant juices or nectar.
Tarnished Plant Bug - Side view
Tarnished Plant Bug - Side view
In May or June, the females lay their eggs, often in flower buds. The larvae are roundish in shape and in the initial larval stages live socially with other larvae. They feed in the same way as the adults. By July, the next generation has already reached maturity. In southernCentral Europe, Lygus pratensis reproduce twice a year. The adults overwinter in moss, leaf litter or under tree bark.

Ichneumon wasps (Ichneumonidae) are the primary natural enemies of Lygus pratensis.
Tarnished Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis - Abdominal
Tarnished Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis - Abdominal

Lygus pratensis
German namesWiesenwanze, Gemeine Wiesenwanze
Danish namesAlmindelig engtæge
Finnish namesKetolude
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire)))))), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia))), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Greece)
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey)), South Asia, North Asia
Russia
Siberia
Africa
America
North America
Canada, USA
Oceania
Micronesia
Northern Mariana Islands


CountriesAustria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Micronesia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, USA, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesLygus pratensis in faunaeur.org
Lygus pratensis in itis.gov
Lygus pratensis in dyntaxa.se
Lygus pratensis in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Tarnished Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis
2. Bugs - Lygus pratensis - Tarnished Plant Bug
3. Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis
4. Tarnished Plant Bug - Side view
5. Tarnished Plant Bug - Lygus pratensis - Abdominal
Quick search: Lygus - Pratensis - Bug - Plant - Black - Bugs
Plants - Adult - Africa - North - Abdominal - Tarnished - Females - Pronotum
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderParaneoptera
OrderHemiptera
Hemipterans, True bugs, Cicadas, Aphids, Hoppers, Allies, Bugs
SuborderHeteroptera
True bugs, Bugs, Gerrids
InfraorderCimicomorpha
Thaumastocorid bugs
SuperfamilyMiroidea
FamilyMiridae
Grass bugs, Plant bugs, Leaf bugs, Jumping tree bugs, Capsid bugs, Mirid Bugs, Myrid Bugs
SubfamilyMirinae
TribeMirini
GenusLygus
Lygus bug, Lygus Bugs
Speciespratensis
Lygus pratensis
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Cimex pratensis
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Gemeine Wiesenwanze
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