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Bombus terrestris
Bombus terrestris


Bombus terrestris
Bombus terrestris is one of the largest bumblebee species. It is encountered most frequently in Europe and is a colony building insect. It is black and yellow. The tip of the abdomen is white. There is little difference in colour between the Bombus terrestris and the Bombus lucorum.
Buff-tailed bumblebee Bombus terrestris - view from behind
Buff-tailed bumblebee Bombus terrestris - view from behind
Females are 20 to 28 mm in length. They overwinter in caves beneath the ground or in leaves. They lay their eggs in the spring, in mouse or mole holes, and even in walls or under rocks. The containments for pollen, honey and for the brood are built from wax. When the labor force hatches the nest expands to accommodate up to 500 bumblebees. Nests in soil can have a depth of 1.5 metres. Bombus terrestris live from March to October and are found in forests, on meadow slopes, and in gardens or fields. They can be encountered from the lowlands to the mountains. The workers of the Bombus terrestris practice cannibalism, which can be especially dangerous for the eggs of the next brood.
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Buff-tailed bumblebee side view
Buff-tailed bumblebee side view
Buff-tailed bumblebee hanging on blossom
Buff-tailed bumblebee hanging on blossom

Bombus (Bombus) terrestris
Subspecies17
Common namesLarge earth bumblebee, Buff-tailed bumblebee, Bumblebee, Common bumblebee, Buff tailed bumble bee, Buff-tailed Bumble Bee, Large Earth Humble-bee, Buff-tailed Humble-bee, Buff tailed bumblebee
German namesErdhummel, Dunkle Erdhummel
Dutch namesAardhommel
Danish namesJordhumle, Mørk jordhumle
Finnish namesKontukimalainen, Mantukimalainen
Norwegian namesMørk jordhumle
Swedish namesMörk jordhumla
French namesBourdon terrestre
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England)), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Lithuania)), Iceland), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal, Andorra)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia, Montenegro), Macedonia)), East Europe (Ukraine)
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Cyprus, Jordan, Israel, Iran)), Far East (East Asia (Japan, Mongolia)), Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan)), South Asia, North Asia
Caucasus
Georgia, Azerbaijan
Russia
Siberia
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (Tasmania (South Tasmania (Southeast Tasmania (Hobart))))
Polynesia
New Zealand
America
South America
Brazil, Argentina, Chile
North America
Mexico, Canada, USA
Central America
Africa
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Macaronesia (Canary Islands), Morocco


Fossils: Paleozoic,
Devonian,

Ecozones:

Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


CountriesAlgeria, Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Taxonomic statusSynonymus of Bombus (Bombus) longipennis
Links and ReferencesBombus terrestris in bie.ala.org.au
Bombus terrestris in faunaeur.org
Bombus terrestris in itis.gov
Bombus terrestris in dyntaxa.se
Bombus terrestris in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Bombus terrestris
2. Buff-tailed bumblebee Bombus terrestris - view from behind
3. Buff-tailed bumblebee
4. Buff-tailed bumblebee side view
5. Buff-tailed bumblebee hanging on blossom
Quick search: Bombus - Terrestris - Nest - Bumblebee - Buff - Bee
Black - Red - Insects - Eggs - Honey - Difference - October - Place
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderHymenoptera
Wasps, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Ants and wasps
SuborderApocrita
True wasps, Bees, Ants, Narrow-waisted hymenopterans, Parasitic wasps, Wasps
InfraorderAculeata
Stinging wasps
SuperfamilyApoidea
Solitary Bees, Social Bees, Apoid Wasps, Bees, Sphecoid wasps
FamilyApidae
Stingless bees, Honey bees, Euglossines, Bumble bees, Cuckoo Bees, Carpenter Bees, Digger Bees, Long-tongued Bees
SubfamilyApinae
Honey bees, Stingless bees, Orchid bees, Bumble Bees, Long-horned Bees, Digger Bees
TribeBombini
Bumblebees, Bumble Bees
GenusBombus
Bumble bees, Bumblebees, Humble bees, Bumblebee, Variably banded bumble bee
SubgenusBombus
Bumble bees, Bumblebees, Humble bees, Bumblebee, Variably banded bumble bee
Speciesterrestris
Bombus terrestris
Large earth bumblebee, Buff-tailed bumblebee, Bumblebee, Common bumblebee, Buff tailed bumble bee, Buff-tailed Bumble Bee, Large Earth Humble-bee, Buff-tailed Humble-bee, Buff tailed bumblebee
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Apis caespitum
Apis terrestris
Apis terrestris bistriata
Apis virginalis
Bombus terrestris caelebs
Bombus terrestris dissectus
Bombus terrestris ferrugineus
Bombus terrestris schmiedeknechti
Bombus terrestris soroensioides
Bremus fasciatus
 
Subspecies
Bombus terrestris audax
Bombus terrestris calabricus
Bombus terrestris canariensis
Bombus terrestris dalmatinus
Bombus terrestris dettoi
Bombus terrestris ferrugineus
Bombus terrestris fulvocinctus
Bombus terrestris gallurae
Bombus terrestris grossiventris
Bombus terrestris limbarae
Bombus terrestris lucocryptarum
Bombus terrestris lucoformis
Bombus terrestris lusitanicus
Bombus terrestris minshanicola
Bombus terrestris sassaricus
Bombus terrestris terrestris
Bombus terrestris xanthopus
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Keywords
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