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Auchenorrhyncha - Rhododendron leafhopper
Auchenorrhyncha - Rhododendron leafhopper (Pictures of cicadas)


Cicadas
Cicadas (Auchenorrhyncha) are a suborder in the order Hemiptera. This suborder is divided into the infraorders Cicadomorpha (cicadas, leafhoppers, treehoppers and spittlebugs) and planthoppers (Fulgoromorpha). Auchenorrhyncha are found throughout the world and this suborder comprises, approximately 40000 species.
Cicade - Eupteryx melissae - Sage leafhopper
Cicade - Eupteryx melissae - Sage leafhopper (Pictures of cicadas)
Planthoppers includes the following families: Delphacidae, Cixiidae, Tettigometridae, Achilidae, Tropiduchidae, Dictyopharidae, Issidae, Caliscelidae and Flatidae. Some examples of Cicadomorpha families are: Cicadidae, Membracidae, Cercopidae, Aphrophoridae and Cicadellidae.
Cicade - Rose Leafhopper
Cicade - Rose Leafhopper (Pictures of cicadas)
Auchenorrhyncha reach body lengths of 1.8 - 70 mm. In resting position, their wings form a roof shape. The proboscis is found on the underside of the head. The antennae consist of 2 basal segments and have a flagellum. Cicadas have a very distinct colouration and use camouflage to adapt to the local environment. Some species are highly patterned. The hind legs of Auchenorrhyncha are designedfor jumping. Auchenorrhyncha can be confused with grasshoppers.
Cicada - Typhlocyba rosae
Cicada - Typhlocyba rosae (Pictures of cicadas)
Auchenorrhyncha feed on the sweet juices of individual or multiple plant species. They move by flying forwards, running or jumping. They develop from egg to larva and from their last larval stage to adult insects without pupating. Auchenorrhyncha produce sounds. However, only those of the Cicadidae can be perceived by humans.

Families61
Genera7.492
Species61.809
Common namesCicadas and Leafhoppers
German namesZikaden
Dutch namesCicaden
Finnish namesKaskaat
Swedish namesStritar
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)

Antarctica (Ross Dependency)


Ecozones:

Palaearctic (East Palaearctic)

Nearctic, Neotropical, Indo-Australian region (Oriental, Malesia, Australasian ecozone)

Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Permian, Carboniferous)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean (Pacific Islands)

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea)

Indian Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesAuchenorrhyncha in bie.ala.org.au
Auchenorrhyncha in itis.gov
Auchenorrhyncha in dyntaxa.se
Auchenorrhyncha in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Cicadas"
- Rhododendron leafhopper
- Sage leafhopper
- Rose Leafhopper
- Eupteryx aurata
- Cicada orni
- Cicadidae
- Leafhoppers
  - Aphrodes macarovi
- Meadow Froghopper
- Green Leafhopper
- Stenocranus major
- Privet Leafhopper
- Black-and-Red Froghopper
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Auchenorrhyncha - Rhododendron leafhopper
2. Cicade - Eupteryx melissae - Sage leafhopper
3. Cicade - Rose Leafhopper
4. Cicada - Typhlocyba rosae
Quick search: Auchenorrhyncha - Typhlocyba - Cicade - Cicadas - Leaf - Rhododendron
Leafhoppers - Cicada - Cicadomorpha - Species - Leafhopper - Suborder - Families - Segments
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderParaneoptera
OrderHemiptera
Hemipterans, True bugs, Cicadas, Aphids, Hoppers, Allies, Bugs
SuborderAuchenorrhyncha
Cicadas and Leafhoppers
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Auchenorhyncha
Auchenorrhnycha
Cicadina (Latreille, 1802)
Cicadinea
 Cicadomorpha Species
 Planthoppers Species
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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