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 Crane flies
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 Nephrotoma flavescens
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Crane fly - Tipulidae on a wet leaf
Crane fly - Tipulidae on a wet leaf (Pictures fom Crane flies)


Crane flies (Tipulidae)
The crane flies (Tipulidae) are also known as mosquito hawks, mosquito eaters, skeeter eaters, gallinippers, gollywhoppers and jimmy spinners. They are a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera) and in the suborder Nematocera. There are approximately 4000 species of crane flies worldwide, 140 of which occur in Germany.
Crane fly - Tipulidae
Crane fly - Tipulidae (Pictures fom Crane flies)
Crane flies (Tipulidae) can reach body lengths of up to 40 mm and wing spans of 50 mm. Their bodies are longish with different patterns and colours (grey, brown, yellow, black or red). Their wings are slim and often have black spots. The legs are stilt-like and very long. The antennae are different lengths in different species. Crane flies can only ingest liquids with their mouthparts. They are not able to sting.
Crane fly Nephrotoma quadrifaria on nettle
Crane fly Nephrotoma quadrifaria on nettle (Pictures fom Crane flies)
Crane flies are active in different seasons and often form small swarms in the evenings. They live off water or nectar.
Crane fly - side face - Nephrotoma
Crane fly - side face - Nephrotoma (Pictures fom Crane flies)
Egg-laying (up to several hundred eggs in a lifetime) is done with an ovipositor in moist soil orin the mud at the bottom of a body of water. The larvae reach body lengths of about 50 mm and live on plant roots, which they eat. They pupate in the soil or in rotten wood. Crane fly larvae can cause significant damage to crops.

Genera85
Species6.206
Common namesCrane Flies, Crane fly, Large Crane Flies, Craneflies, Daddy-long-legs
German namesSchnaken, Erdschnacken, Mückenbulle, Schneider, Stelzmücken
Dutch namesLangpootmuggen
Danish namesStankelben
Finnish namesVaaksiaiset
Norwegian namesStankelbein
Swedish namesStorharkrankar
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania
Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Neotropical
Indo-Australian region
Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesTipulidae in bie.ala.org.au
Tipulidae in faunaeur.org
Tipulidae in itis.gov
Tipulidae in dyntaxa.se
Tipulidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Crane flies"
- common crane fly
- Nephrotoma quadrifaria
- Nephrotoma flavescens
- Tipula maxima
- Tipula lateralis
- European crane fly
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Crane fly - Tipulidae on a wet leaf
2. Crane fly - Tipulidae
3. Crane fly Nephrotoma quadrifaria on nettle
4. Crane fly - side face - Nephrotoma
Quick search: Tipulidae - Crane - Flies - Wings - Black - Fly
Brown - Red - Yellow - Body - Larvae - Wing - Mouth - Damage
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderNematocera
Long-horned flies, Mosquitoes
InfraorderTipulomorpha
Crane Flies
SuperfamilyTipuloidea
FamilyTipulidae
Crane Flies, Crane fly, Large Crane Flies, Craneflies, Daddy-long-legs
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 
Synonyms
Cylindrotomidae (Mulsant, 1842)
Limoniidae (Speiser, 1909)
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Schnaken
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