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Dragonflies (Odonata)
Dragonflies (Odonata) (Pictures of Dragonflies)


Dragonflies (Odonata)
Dragonflies (Odonata) are an order in the sub-class winged insects (Pterygota) in the class insects (Insecta). There are approximately 4700 species worldwide, around 85 of which are found in Europe.

Examples for dragonfly families ine Europe are: Calopterygidae, Platycnemididae, Coenagrionidae and Lestidae.
Dragonfly - Southern hawker
Dragonfly - Southern hawker (Pictures of Dragonflies)
Some examples of dragonfly species are: banded demoiselle (Calopteryx splendens), southern hawker (Aeshna cyanea), golden-ringed dragonfly (Cordulegaster boltonii), northern emerald (Somatochlora arctica), azure damselfly (Coenagrion puella), common blue damselfly (Enallagma cyathigerum), blue-tailed damselfly (Ischnura elegans), large red damselfly (Pyrrhosoma nymphula), willow emerald damselfly (Lestes viridis), emperor dragonfly (Anax imperator), small red-eyed damselfly (Erythromma viridulum), black-lined skimmer (Orthetrum cancellatum), scarlet dragonfly (Crocothemis erythraea), ruddy darter (Sympetrum sanguineum), common darter (Sympetrum striolatum), black darter (Sympetrum danae), four-spotted chaser (Libellula quadrimaculata) and downy emerald (Cordulia aenea).
True dragonfly - Ruddy Darter
True dragonfly - Ruddy Darter (Pictures of Dragonflies)
Dragonflies can reach wingspans of 20 - 190 mm. Their bodies vary widely in terms of colouration. The head is completely separated from the chest and is therefore very flexible. Between the very large compound eyes are 3 simple eyes. The rear chest segments (mesothorax and metathorax) are strongly built.
Head of a dragonfly
Head of a dragonfly (Pictures of Dragonflies)
They can use their two nearly identical pairs of large wings independently in flight and can therefore abruptly change direction. They can hover at one point in the air and even fly backwards. Flight speeds of up to 50 km/h are not uncommon. The abdomen is very long and thin and has a stabilizing effect in flight.
Dragonflies - Odonata
Dragonflies - Odonata (Pictures of Dragonflies)
Dragonflies prefer to live near standing or flowing water. Many dragonfly species can be found in parks and gardens in areas inhabited by people.
Dragonfly larva
Dragonfly larva (Pictures of Dragonflies)

Families121
Genera1.173
Species11.431
Common namesDragonflies, Damselflies, Demoiselles, Dragonflies and Damselflies
German namesLibellen und Wasserjungfern, Libellen, Odonaten
Dutch namesLibellen
Danish namesGuldsmede
Finnish namesSudenkorennot
Norwegian namesØyenstikkere
Swedish namesTrollsländor
Spanish namesLibelulas, Pipilachas
AuthorJohann Christian Fabricius, 1793
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)


Ecozones:

Nearctic

Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Permian, Carboniferous)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean (Pacific Islands, North Pacific)

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea)

Indian Ocean (Great Australian Bight)

Antarctic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesOdonata in bie.ala.org.au
Odonata in darwinfoundation.org
Odonata in faunaeur.org
Odonata in itis.gov
Odonata in papua-insects.nl
Odonata in ru.ac.za
Odonata in staffs-ecology.org.uk
Odonata in dyntaxa.se
Odonata in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Dragonflies"
- Ruddy Darter
- Southern hawker
- Scarlet dragonfly
- Black-lined skimmer
- Large red damselfly
- Broad-winged damselflies
  - Beautiful demoiselle
  - Banded demoiselle
- Southern Skimmer
- Scarce chaser
- Spreadwings
  - Willow emerald Damselfly
- Narrow-winged Damselflies
  - Blue-tailed Damselfly
  - Azure Damselfly
  - Northern Bluet
  - Small Redeye
- Trithemis aurora
- Trithemis pallidinervis
- Diplacodes trivialis
- Southern Migrant Hawker
- Keeled Skimmer
- Autumn Hawker
- Common darter
- Vagrant darter
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Dragonflies (Odonata)
2. Dragonfly - Southern hawker
3. True dragonfly - Ruddy Darter
4. Head of a dragonfly
5. Dragonflies - Odonata
6. Dragonfly larva
Quick search: Dragonfly - Darter - Odonata - Species - Dragonflies - Black
Red - Body - Europe - Examples - Class - Sympetrum - Damselfly - Flight
Sources, links and more informations
Dragonflies in Wikipedia
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassPalaeoptera
Ancient winged insects
SuperorderOdonatoptera
OrderOdonata
Dragonflies, Damselflies, Demoiselles, Dragonflies and Damselflies
AuthorFabricius, 1793
 Families overview
 Species overview
 True dragonflies
 Damselflies
 Pictures

Keywords
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