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Dermaptera
Dermaptera (Pictures of Earwigs)


Earwigs (Dermaptera)
The earwigs (Dermaptera) are an order of insects. They belong to the winged insects (Pterygota). Approximately 1, 800 species of earwigs are known worldwide, 8 of which occur in Germany. Some examples include: tawny earwig (Labidura riparia), common earwig (Forficula auricularia), Titanolabis colossa, ringlegged earwig (Euborellia annulipes), Apterygida media, Chelidurella acanthopygia, Anechura bipunctata and Labia minor. The name "earwig" derives from the earlier use of these insects (in powdered form) in the treatment of ear diseases.
Earwigs on apple
Earwigs on apple (Pictures of Earwigs)
Earwigs (Dermaptera) usually reach body lengths of 10 - 20 mm. However, there are species that are larger, such as Titanolabis colossa, which can reach up to 50 mm in length. Earwigs have elongated bodies and areblackish or brownish in colour. They have compound eyes that are well developed, andantennae with 5 - 16 segments. The mouthparts are for biting and chewing. The forewings are short and. the hind wings are large and folded up and hidden under the forewings when these insects are at rest. At the posterior end of the abdomen is a pair of pincers, used for the capture of prey and for holding females during mating.
Earwig - Dermaptera - Corsica
Earwig - Dermaptera - Corsica (Pictures of Earwigs)
Earwigs prefer warm habitats. They feed on plant parts and waste, or live off small insects. They are most active at dusk or at night. During the day they hide under bark or stones.
After mating, the females keep the sperm viable. They lay approximately 20 - 90 eggs in a hollow space. The hatched larvae are guarded by the females. The larvae shed their skin several times.
Earwigs are of great benefit as pest controllers. However, they can also become pests when they eat crops. They are completely harmless to humans.

Families19
Genera267
Species2.368
Common namesEarwigs, Dermapterans, Pincerbugs
German namesOhrwürmer
Dutch namesOorwormen, Huidvleugeligen
Danish namesØrentviste
Finnish namesPihtihäntäiset
Norwegian namesSaksedyr
Swedish namesTvestjärtar
Spanish namesTijerillas
French namesDermaptères
AuthorDe Geer, 1773
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)


Ecozones:

Palaearctic, Nearctic, Afrotropical

Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Permian, Devonian)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic)


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean (Pacific Islands)

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic)


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovakia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesDermaptera in bie.ala.org.au
Dermaptera in bug.tamu.edu
Dermaptera in dermaptera.speciesfile.org
Dermaptera in faunaeur.org
Dermaptera in itis.gov
Dermaptera in papua-insects.nl
Dermaptera in dyntaxa.se
Dermaptera in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Earwigs"
- Common earwig
- Anechura bipunctata
- Short-winged earwig
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Dermaptera
2. Earwigs on apple
3. Earwig - Dermaptera - Corsica
Quick search: Earwigs - Larvae - Dermaptera - Titanolabis - Insects - Examples
Larva - Insect - Habitat - Mating - Species - Common - Body - Life
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderPolyneoptera
OrderDermaptera
Earwigs, Dermapterans, Pincerbugs
AuthorDe Geer, 1773
 
Synonyms
Brachydermaptera
Dermapteroida
Dermatoptera
Dermoptera
Euplecoptera
Euplectoptera
Euplekoptera
Euplexoptera
Forficulida
Harmoptera
Labidoura
Placoda
Trimera
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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Frequent Queries:
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