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Forficula auricularia
Forficula auricularia


Common earwig
The common earwig (Forficula auricularia), also known as the European earwig, belongs to the genus Forficula, in the order earwigs (Dermaptera), the suborder Forficulina, the family Forficulidae, and the subfamily Forficulinae. Adults reach body lengths of 10 - 16 mm. Their bodies are predominantly brown in colour, with transition to some shades of red. The pronotum has light-brown sides. The legs and wing covers are yellowish in colour. The hind wings are longer and extend a little bit beyond the wing covers. The males’ pincers are broad and flat at the base. There is a tooth on the pincers. The common earwig has antennae with 15 segments.
Common earwig - Forficula auricularia
Common earwig - Forficula auricularia
The common earwig feeds on parts of plants, fruits, seeds and aphids. It overwinters as an adult, hiding among leaf litter, and in cracks and crevices in and around buildings and plants. Common earwigs are nocturnal. Although they are capable of flying, they do so only rarely.
Earwig - Forficula auricularia
Earwig - Forficula auricularia
In spring and autumn, the females dig tunnels into the ground, where they lay 50 - 90 eggs. The eggs, as well as the hatching larvae of the spring generation, are guarded by the females. The larvae shed their skin 4 - 5 times. They are similar to the adult earwigs, but are much brighter lighter in colour and without wings. They reach maturity in approximately one month.
Forficula auricularia - Last nymphal phase
Forficula auricularia - Last nymphal phase
Common earwig - Last nymphal phase
Common earwig - Last nymphal phase

Forficula auricularia
Common namesEuropean Earwig, Common earwig
German namesGemeiner Ohrwurm, Ohrwurm, Ohrenkriecher, Ohrenkneifer, Ohrenhöhler, Öhrling
Dutch namesGewone oorworm
Danish namesAlm. Ørentvist, Almindelig ørentvist
Finnish namesIsopihtihäntä
Norwegian namesVanlig saksedyr
Swedish namesVanlig tvestjärt
French namesForficule, Pince-oreille, Perce-oreille
AuthorCarolus Linnaeus/linaeus, 1758
Eco zoneTerrestrial
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire)), North England (Northeast England (County Durham))))), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy, Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia (Croatia)), East Europe (Ukraine)
Asia
South Asia (Nepal, Afghanistan), Far East (East Asia (China, Korea)), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Iran))
Caucasus
Georgia
Russia
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (East Australia (New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory (Canberra)), Victoria), West Australia)
Polynesia
New Zealand, Hawaii
Africa
East Africa
Kenya, Indian Ocean islands (Seychelles)
North Africa
Tunisia, Morocco
Southern Africa
Namibia
Central Africa
Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
America
North America
Mexico, USA (Florida, Louisiana, California, Montana, Illinois, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Texas, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Arizona, New Mexico, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Alabama, New York, Virginia, Iowa, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Nebraska, South Dakota, Delaware, Vermont, North Dakota, Lake Erie Islands), Canada (Alberta, Quebec, Ontario, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador)
South America
Argentina


Ecozones: Palaearctic, Nearctic

Fossils:

Cenozoic
Quaternary
Pleistocene
Paleozoic
Devonian


Distribution by Synonymus:
Platylabia major   Seychelles
CountriesAfghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Seychelles, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, USA, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesForficula auricularia in bie.ala.org.au
Forficula auricularia in insectidentification.org
Forficula auricularia in itis.gov
Forficula auricularia in dyntaxa.se
Forficula auricularia in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Forficula auricularia
2. Common earwig - Forficula auricularia
3. Earwig - Forficula auricularia
4. Forficula auricularia - Last nymphal phase
5. Common earwig - Last nymphal phase
Quick search: Flying - Earwigs - Common - Forficula - Auricularia - Wing
Red - Larva - Adult - Suborder - Colour - Plants - Females - Wings
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderPolyneoptera
OrderDermaptera
Earwigs, Dermapterans, Pincerbugs
SuborderNeodermaptera
InfraorderEpidermaptera
SuperfamilyForficuloidea
FamilyForficulidae
SubfamilyForficulinae
GenusForficula
Speciesauricularia
Forficula auricularia
European Earwig, Common earwig
AuthorCarolus Linnaeus/linaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Forficula auricularia silanoides
Forficula bipunctata
Forficula borealis
Forficula caucasica
Forficula dentata
Forficula elongata
Forficula forcipata
Forficula infumata
Forficula major
Forficula major de
Forficula media
Forficula neglecta
Forficula parallela
Forficula silanoides
Forticula auricularia
Platylabia major
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Gemeiner Ohrwurm
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