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Flies
Flies (Pictures of Flies)


Flies (Brachycera)
Brachycera are a suborder of the Diptera. Due to the manner in which they leave the pupa, they are classified as the subgroups Orthorrhapha and Cyclorrhapha.
Drosophilidae (red eyes)
Drosophilidae (red eyes) (Pictures of Flies)
The life span of Brachycera is often only a number of days or weeks, with the larvae stage occupying most of that period. The adults of Brachycera are active in Central Europe from April to October. During the winter the animals (in all stages of development) live in safe habitats.
Diptera - Sapromyza yellow
Diptera - Sapromyza yellow (Pictures of Flies)
Brachycera feed on living or dead organic matter. Due to a high mortality rate Brachycera have to lay eggs very often in order to survive but their birth rate depends on the climate and food supply.

Flies are capable of adapting to their environment. This allows them to walk on flat surfaces.
Diptera - Head of fly with facets eyes
Diptera - Head of fly with facets eyes (Pictures of Flies)
When Brachycera occur in large masses they can be very annoying and can, in certain cases, lead to significant damage to agriculture, especially in the meat and milk production industry. Due to the fact that some species of Brachycera t very often reside in feces and carcasses, they can transfer diseases. Some general examples of Brachycera are : Blow-flies, house flies and Muscidae.

The Drosophilidae, or fruit flies, of which about 3,000 species are known worldwide, can cause significant damage to orchards or individual trees.
Brachycera - Top view
Brachycera - Top view (Pictures of Flies)
Fly - Brachycera
Fly - Brachycera (Pictures of Flies)

Families176
Genera12.671
Species179.256
Common namesShort-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
German namesFliegen, Kurzhörner
Danish namesFluer
Finnish namesMuumiokotelokärpäset, Kärpäset
Norwegian namesLaverestående fluer
Swedish namesFlugor
AuthorMacquart, 1834
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus, Kaukasia)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean, West American subregion)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)

Antarctica (Subantarctic Islands, Antarctic Islands, Ross Dependency)


Ecozones:

Palaearctic (West Palaearctic, East Palaearctic, South Palaearctic)

Nearctic, Afrotropical, Neotropical, Indo-Australian region (Oriental)

Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Cambrian, Permian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Silurian, Devonian)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean (South Pacific, Pacific Islands, North Pacific, Bering Sea, Bering Strait)

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, North Sea)

Indian Ocean (Red Sea, Bay of Bengal)


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesBrachycera in bie.ala.org.au
Brachycera in faunaeur.org
Brachycera in itis.gov
Brachycera in dyntaxa.se
Brachycera in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Flies"
- Hoverflies
  - Marmelade Fly
  - Syrphus ribesii
  - Myathropa florea
  - Drone fly
  - Eristalis arbustorum
  - Helophilus trivittatus
  - Sphaerophoria scripta
  - Chrysotoxum festivum
  - Xanthogramma pedissequum
  - Eupeodes corollae
  - Thick-legged Hoverfly
  - Xylota segnis
  - Helophilus pendulus
  - Eristalis pertinax
  - Platycheirus albimanus
  - Melanostoma mellinum
  - Melanostoma scalare
  - Heineken Hoverfly
  - Eristalis lineata
  - Narcissus bulb fly
  - Baccha elongata
  - Pellucid Hoverfly
  - Eristalis interrupta
  - Hornet mimic hoverfly
  - Band-eyed drone fly
  - Eristalinus megacephalus
  - Eristalis horticola
  - Paragus tibialis
  - Paragus haemorrhous
  - Scaeva pyrastri
  - Epistrophe melanostoma
  - Eristalis intricaria
  - Eristalinus aeneus
  - Sphaerophoria rueppelli
- Common green bottle flies
  - Green blowfly
  - Toadfly
- Blow-flies
  - Blue bottle fly
  - Bluebottle blow fly
  - Common cluster fly
  - Chrysomya albiceps
- House Flies
  - Housefly
  - Face Fly
  - Graphomyia maculata
- Fruit flies
  - Anomoia purmunda
  - Chaetorellia jacaeae
  - Xyphosia miliaria
  - Philophylla caesio
  - Tephritis bardanae
- robber flies
  - dune robberfly
  - Dioctria hyalipennis
  - Devon red-legged robberfly
  - Pied-winged robberfly
  - Common robberfly
  - Scarce red-legged robberfly
- Horse and Deer Flies
  - Horse-fly Tabanus sudeticus
  - Pale giant horse-fly
  - Dasyrhamphis anthracinus
- Drosophilidae
  - Small fruit fly
- Flesh-fly
  - Grey fleshfly
- Opomyzidae
  - Yellow cereal fly
  - Geomyza tripunctata
- black scavenger flies
  - Lesser dung fly
  - Sepsis violacea
- Dung Flies
  - Yellow Dung Fly
- soldier flies
  - twin-spot centurion
  - Beris chalybata
  - Chloromyia formosa
- Frit Flies - Grass Flies
  - Yellow swarming fly
- Long-legged Flies
  - Green Long-legged Fly
- Thick-headed Flies
  - Sicus ferrugineus
  - Conops flavipes
- Botflies
  - Sheep Nasal Botfly
- Tachina Flies
  - Eriothrix rufomaculatus
  - Tachina fera
  - Cylindromyia brassicaria
  - Gymnosoma rotundatum
  - Peleteria varia
  - Phania funesta
  - Ectophasia crassipennis
- Small-headed Flies
  - Taurus fly
- Leaf-miner flies
  - Chrysanthemum leaf miner
- Flat-footed flies
  - Paraplatypeza atra
- Root-maggot flies
  - Hylemya strenua
  - Anthomyia pluvialis
- Spear-winged flies
- Lauxaniid flies
  - Meiosimyza rorida
  - Meiosimyza decipiens
  - Minettia longipennis
- Bee flies
  - Hemipenthes morio
  - Systoechus ctenopterus
  - Heteralonia megerlei
  - Villa hottentotta
- Mydas flies
  - Leptomydas corsicanus
  - Leptomydas sardous
- Snipe flies
  - Marsh snipefly
  - Chrysopilus aureatus
- Dagger flies
  - Empis opaca
- Stilt-legged flies
  - Micropeza corrigiolata
- Hybotid Dance Flies
  - Platypalpus major
- Stiletto flies
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Flies
2. Drosophilidae (red eyes)
3. Diptera - Sapromyza yellow
4. Diptera - Head of fly with facets eyes
5. Brachycera - Top view
6. Fly - Brachycera
Quick search: Flies - Eyes - Food - Brachycera - Fly - Eye
Drosophilidae - Insects - Red - Blue - Life - View - Span - Examples
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
AuthorMacquart, 1834
 
Synonyms
Chloropoidea
Drosophiloidea
Lauxanididea
Micropezoidea
Milichioidea
Nothyboidea
Pallopteroidea
 Families overview
 Pictures

Keywords
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NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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Stiletto flies
Chrysomya albiceps
Toadfly
Green blowfly
Sphaerophoria rueppelli
White-banded Digger Bee
House mosquito
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Villa hottentotta
Eumenes mediterraneus
Andrena morio
Giant Furrow-Bee
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