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Bluebottle - Calliphora vomitoria
Bluebottle - Calliphora vomitoria


Blue bottle fly
The blue bottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria), also called blue bottle or bottlebee, is in the family blow flies (Calliphoridae), the subfamily Calliphorinae and of the genus Calliphora. This species is commonly encountered almost everywhere in the world.
Blow-fly - Calliphora vomitoria
Blow-fly - Calliphora vomitoria
Blue bottles reach body lengths of 10-14 mm. Their bodies have a grey-black metallic sheen. The abdomen is shiny metallic blue and has markings in black. The body and legs are black and covered with brush-like black hair. The antennae are also black and the compound eyes are red in colour. The wings are crystal clear.
Remains of a death Calliphora vomitoria
Remains of a death Calliphora vomitoria
Blue bottles are encountered throughout the year, but most commonly from April to October. These flies prefer to feed on cadavers and compost heaps. Here the females lay (up to 1000) longish, white eggs in groups. The larvae feed on the substrates until they pupate. The pupae and the adult flies overwinter. The bluebottle’s sense of smell is highly developed.
Blue bottle fly - Front view
Blue bottle fly - Front view
Bluebottles are regarded as problematic as they carry diseases. Furthermore they make food unfit for human consumption. However blue bottles assist in the pollination of the plants, whose nectar they feed on. Moreover, their larvae (maggots) have been reintroduced in the field of medicine, - in the treatment of wounds. The bluebottle’s role as a decomposer of carrion is also beneficial.
Head of a Blue bottle fly
Head of a Blue bottle fly

Calliphora (Calliphora) vomitoria
Subspecies1
Common namesBlue bottle fly, Bluebottle
German namesBlaue Schmeißfliege
Danish namesAlmindelig Spyflue
Finnish namesLihäkärpänen
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire)), South England (Southeast England (Buckinghamshire))))), Ireland), Germany, Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia))), West Europe (Austria, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Southeast Europe (Greece), Central Europe (Czech Republic)
Asia
South Asia (Nepal), Far East (East Asia (Taiwan, Japan, Mongolia, Korea (South Korea)))
Russia
America
North America
USA (California), Canada (Ontario), Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Oceania
Polynesia
Hawaii
Africa
Central Africa
Cameroon
Antarctica


Ecozones: Nearctic

Distribution by Synonymus:
Musca vomitoria   Type species, Genus, Calliphora
Calliphora pseudovomitoria   preocc, Baranov
CountriesAustria, Belgium, Cameroon, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, USA, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesCalliphora vomitoria in itis.gov
Calliphora vomitoria in dyntaxa.se

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Bluebottle - Calliphora vomitoria
2. Blow-fly - Calliphora vomitoria
3. Remains of a death Calliphora vomitoria
4. Blue bottle fly - Front view
5. Head of a Blue bottle fly
Quick search: Fly - Blue - Bottle - Calliphora - Bluebottle - Vomitoria
Flies - Sense - Pupae - Blowflies - Blow - Eggs - Body - Shiny
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionCalyptratae
Calyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyOestroidea
FamilyCalliphoridae
Blow flies, Blow-flies, Carrion flies, Bluebottles, Greenbottles, Cluster flies, Blue-bottles, Green-bottles
SubfamilyCalliphorinae
TribeCalliphorini
GenusCalliphora
SubgenusCalliphora
Speciesvomitoria
Calliphora vomitoria
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Calliphora (Calliphora) vomitoria
Calliphora affinis
Calliphora brunibarbis
Calliphora fulvibarbis
Calliphora minimus
Calliphora pseudovomitoria
Calliphora rubrifrons
Musca affinis
Musca caerulea
Musca carnaria
Musca carnivora
Musca coerulea
Musca minimus
Musca obscoena
Musca vomitoria
Volucella vomitoria
 
Subspecies
Calliphora vomitoria antarctica
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Blaue Schmeißfliege
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