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Common Yellow Dung fly - Scathophaga stercoraria
Common Yellow Dung fly - Scathophaga stercoraria


Common yellow dung fly
The common yellow dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria), also called the golden dung fly, belongs to the family dung flies (Scathophagidae) and the genus Scathophaga. This species is common and widespread throughout Europe, North America and Asia.
Common Yellow Dung fly - front view
Common Yellow Dung fly - front view
The adult common yellow dung flies reach body lengths of 5-12 mm. They are brown, yellowish-brown, golden, yellow (male) to yellowish-green (female) and are covered in dense furry hair. Common yellow dung flies have yellow faces with whitish-gray or sometimes slightly brownish foreheads. In the centre of their chest section (mesonotum) is a narrow red stripe. Their antennae and proboscis are black and their legs are yellow.
Fly - Common Yellow Dung fly - Scathophaga stercoraria
Fly - Common Yellow Dung fly - Scathophaga stercoraria
They have black bristles on the central section of the chest and two fine dark, longitudinal lines are visible there. The common yellow dung fly has greyish-brown transparent wings with red to yellow edges at the front. The abdomen of the females is greyish-brown with black hair, while the abdomen of the male is light yellow in colour.
Common Yellow Dung fly - side face
Common Yellow Dung fly - side face
The common yellow dung fly’s habitat of preference is animal pastures, where it can be found on dung heaps. It is also encountered in gardens, where it feeds on compost. The adult flies feed on nectar from flowers or on the body fluids of small insects.
The females lay their eggs in dung heaps and the larvae develop there. The larvae reach body lengths of up to 10 mm and prey on other insects’ larvae (mostly Diptera).

Scathophaga stercoraria
Common namesYellow dung fly, Golden dung fly, Common Yellow Dung-fly
German namesGelbe Dungfliege, Mistfliege
Dutch namesStrontvlieg
Danish namesGødningsflue, Almindelig gødningsflue
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire))))), Ireland), Germany, Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia)), Iceland), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic), Southeast Europe (Greece), East Europe (Ukraine)
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey)), Far East (East Asia (Japan, Mongolia, Korea (South Korea))), South Asia (Afghanistan)
Russia
America
North America
Mexico, Canada (Ontario), USA
Caribbean
Caribbean islands (Antilles (Greater Antilles (Haiti)))
Africa
Southern Africa
Republic South Africa


Ecozones: Nearctic

Distribution by Synonymus:
Musca exilis   England
CountriesAfghanistan, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Mongolia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, USA, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesScathophaga stercoraria in itis.gov
Scathophaga stercoraria in dyntaxa.se
Scathophaga stercoraria in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Common Yellow Dung fly - Scathophaga stercoraria
2. Common Yellow Dung fly - front view
3. Fly - Common Yellow Dung fly - Scathophaga stercoraria
4. Common Yellow Dung fly - side face
Quick search: Fly - Dung - Yellow - Scathophaga - Stercoraria - Flies
Brown - Wings - Abdomen - Flying - Black - Insect - Transparent - Red
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionCalyptratae
Calyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyMuscoidea
FamilyScathophagidae
Dung flies, Scats
SubfamilyScathophaginae
TribeScathophagini
GenusScathophaga
Speciesstercoraria
Scathophaga stercoraria
Yellow dung fly, Golden dung fly, Common Yellow Dung-fly
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Musca exilis
Musca merdaria
Musca stercoraria
Scathophaga exilis
Scathophaga merdaria
Scathophagaster coraria
Scatophaga asticha
Scatophaga astricha
Scatophaga disticha
Scatophaga nigricans
Scatophaga polysticha
Scopeuma alpestre
Scopeuma stercoraria
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Gelbe Dungfliege
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