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 Anomoia purmunda
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Thistle Gall Fly - Xyphosia miliaria
Thistle Gall Fly - Xyphosia miliaria


Fruit flies - Tephritidae
Tephritidae are also called “fruit flies” and are a family of the flies. While about 290 species are found in Central Europe, there are approximately 4,500 species worldwide. Some examples of species are: Rhagoletis cerasi, Lonicera Fly, apple maggot and mediterranean fruit fly.
Fruit flies - Tephritidae
Fruit flies - Tephritidae
The small to medium-sized Tephritidae have wings with striking markings. They have both compound and simple eyes. The females have a tubular organ (ovipositor) on the abdomen with which they insert their eggs directly in plants and fruits.
The life span of the adults is often only a few days. The larvae live within almost all parts of plants. Some species inject their eggs into plant leaves on which a small ball grows with the eggs inside, other species live parasitically in the implantations of other insects.
Many species of Tephritidae cause considerable damage in agriculture and to orchards, while nets to protect against insects often are ineffective.

Genera774
Species9.578
Common namesPeacock flies, Fruit flies, Gall flies, Greater Fruit Flies
German namesBohrfliegen, Fruchtfliegen
Dutch namesBoorvliegen
Danish namesBåndfluer
Finnish namesHedelmäkärpäset
Norwegian namesBåndfluer
Swedish namesBorrflugor
Spanish namesMoscas de las frutas
AuthorNewman, 1834
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania
Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Neotropical
Indo-Australian region


Fossils:

Cenozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesTephritidae in bie.ala.org.au
Tephritidae in faunaeur.org
Tephritidae in itis.gov
Tephritidae in dyntaxa.se
Tephritidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Fruit flies"
- Anomoia purmunda
- Chaetorellia jacaeae
- Xyphosia miliaria
- Philophylla caesio
- Tephritis bardanae
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Thistle Gall Fly - Xyphosia miliaria
2. Fruit flies - Tephritidae
Quick search: Tephritidae - Fly - Family - Fruit - Apple - Species
Flies - Eggs - Small - Insects - Plants - Eyes - Females - Markings
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionAcalyptratae
Acalyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyTephritoidea
FamilyTephritidae
Peacock flies, Fruit flies, Gall flies, Greater Fruit Flies
AuthorNewman, 1834
 
Synonyms
Dithrycini (Foote & Al., 1993)
Euphrantini (Hering, 1947)
Myopitini (Hendel, 1927)
Oedaspidini (Foote, 1980)
Tephritinae (Newman, 1834)
Tephritini (Newman, 1834)
Terelliini (Hendel, 1927)
Toxotrypanini (Munro, 1984)
Trypetinae (Loew, 1861)
Trypetini (Loew, 1861)
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Bohrfliegen
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