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 Horse and Deer Flies
 Dasyrhamphis anthracinus
 Horse-fly Tabanus sudeticus
 Pale giant horse-fly
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Horse Fly
Horse Fly


Horse flies
Horse flies (Tabanidae), also called forest flies, deer flies, gadflies, zimbs, clegs or marchflies, are a family of flies and belong to the blood sucking insects. There are approximately 4000 species of horse flies worldwide. Some examples of these species are: twin-lobed deerfly (Chrysops relictus), pale giant horsefly (abanus bovinus), band-eyed brown horsefly (Tabanus bromius), Tabanus sudeticus and notch-horned cleg (Haematopota pluvialis).

The females are drawn to humans and mammals by the smell of their sweat. They feed on their blood, sucking up to 0.2 ml from them. The males feed on nectar. In some species the females live off plants and carrion.

The bite of a horse fly can penetrate clothing and is much more painful than the sting of a mosquito due to the larger mouth parts. Horse flies are considered a risk to humans and animals, especially in Africa, as they carry diseases.

Genera297
Species7.587
Common namesHorse-fly, Breeze flies, Cleggs, Klegs, Clags, Deer flies, Gadflies, Zimbs, Bull dog flies, Stouts, March flies, Horse flies, Clegs, Horse and Deer Flies, Horseflies, Tabanids
German namesBremsen
Dutch namesDazen
Danish namesKlæger
Finnish namesPaarmat
Norwegian namesKlegg
Swedish namesBromsar
Spanish namesTábanos
Italian namesTafani
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania
Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Indo-Australian region


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesTabanidae in bie.ala.org.au
Tabanidae in faunaeur.org
Tabanidae in itis.gov
Tabanidae in dyntaxa.se
Tabanidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Horse and Deer Flies"
- Horse-fly Tabanus sudeticus
- Pale giant horse-fly
- Dasyrhamphis anthracinus
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Horse Fly
Quick search: Fly - Horsefly - Horse - Flies - Giant - Mouth
Tabanidae - Blood - Tabanus - German - Germany - Forest - Horned - Mouthparts
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderTabanomorpha
March Flies, Horse Flies
SuperfamilyTabanoidea
FamilyTabanidae
Horse-fly, Breeze flies, Cleggs, Klegs, Clags, Deer flies, Gadflies, Zimbs, Bull dog flies, Stouts, March flies, Horse flies, Clegs, Horse and Deer Flies, Horseflies, Tabanids
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Bremsen
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