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Dark giant horsefly - Tabanus sudeticus
Dark giant horsefly - Tabanus sudeticus


Tabanus sudeticus
Tabanus sudeticus are the largest species of horse fly in Central Europe. They are widespread throughout the entire Palearctic eco-zone.

Tabanus sudeticus reach body lengths of 19-25 mm. Their base colour is grey-brown. Their compound eyes are dark brown. The thorax of these flies is olive-brown to grey and has 3 weak longitudinal lines, which are somewhat brighter in colour. The dark brown segments at the rear end of the abdomen have a light-brown edge which gets wider at the sides. There is an even lighter coloured triangle in the middle of each of the 2nd to 5th segments.
Dark giant horsefly - Tabanus sudeticus -  front view
Dark giant horsefly - Tabanus sudeticus - front view
Tabanus sudeticus are active from June to August, mainly on pastures. They can be recognized by their clearly audible hum. The females suck blood, mostly from horses and cattle.

The females lay their white, oblong eggs on plants in disorderly piles. Their larvae are whitish-green. They live in the soil and feed on rotting parts of plants and small organisms, which they kill by injecting them with poison, using their mouth parts.

Tabanus sudeticus are considered to be disease carriers, particularly of the EIA virus.
Tabanus sudeticus - Male
Tabanus sudeticus - Male
Tabanus sudeticus - Side view
Tabanus sudeticus - Side view
Horse-fly
Horse-fly
Tabanus sudeticus - Head
Tabanus sudeticus - Head

Tabanus sudeticus
Common namesDark giant horsefly, Fly Horse
German namesPferdebremse
Dutch namesPaardendaas
Danish namesHesteklæg
Finnish namesTummanautapaarma
AuthorZeller, 1842
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Germany (Lower Saxony))), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Latvia))), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy, Iberian Peninsula (Spain)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria)
Asia
Far East (Southeast Asia (Indochinese Peninsula (Vietnam)), East Asia (Taiwan, Korea (North Korea))), Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan))
Russia
Oceania
Australasia
Australia
Africa
East Africa
Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Central Africa
Congo
America
South America
Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Neogene
Pliocene (Upper Pliocene)


Distribution by Synonymus:
Tabanus distinctus   Tanzania, Taiwan
Tabanus perplexus   Ecuador, Colombia
Tabanus distinctus   Argentina, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo
CountriesArgentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malawi, Mozambique, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesTabanus sudeticus in dyntaxa.se
Tabanus sudeticus in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Dark giant horsefly - Tabanus sudeticus
2. Dark giant horsefly - Tabanus sudeticus - front view
3. Tabanus sudeticus - Male
4. Tabanus sudeticus - Side view
5. Horse-fly
6. Tabanus sudeticus - Head
Quick search: Tabanus - Sudeticus - Fly - Horse - Horsefly - Giant
Kill - Mouth - Mouthparts - Poison - Grey - Eggs - Flies - Dark
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderTabanomorpha
March Flies, Horse Flies
SuperfamilyTabanoidea
FamilyTabanidae
Horse-fly, Breeze flies, Cleggs, Klegs, Clags, Deer flies, Gadflies, Zimbs, Bull dog flies, Stouts, March flies, Horse flies, Clegs, Horse and Deer Flies, Horseflies, Tabanids
SubfamilyTabaninae
Horse Flies
TribeTabanini
GenusTabanus
Common horse flies
Speciessudeticus
Tabanus sudeticus
Dark giant horsefly, Fly Horse
AuthorZeller, 1842
 
Synonyms
Tabanus confusus
Tabanus distinctus
Tabanus meridionalis
Tabanus perplexus
Tabanus verralli
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Pferdebremse
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