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 House Flies
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 Graphomyia maculata
 Species overview

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Muscidae with orange abdomen - Phaonia subventa
Muscidae with orange abdomen - Phaonia subventa

Muscidae belong to the order Diptera. There are more than 4,000 species globally, approximately 600 of which can be found in Europe. Some examples are: stable fly, housefly and Graphomya maculata. The body length of Muscidae is between 2 and 18 mm. The flies can be gray, steel blue, green, yellow or red in colour. They have short antennae. They have 2 compound eyes and 3 simple eyes. They can bite or lick with their mouth parts.
The diet of Muscidae differs from species to species. There are parasites, blood suckers and also flower visitors. Then there are species that suck fluids of various kinds. Others feed on dead organic material and on the fungi which live within. There are species which live from feces and others which tunnel into plants, eating from their substance.

The larvae live in soil, some also in water. The larval phase ( in total 3 stages) lasts for about 8 days. In Europe the adult flies take 2 to 3 weeks to hatch. The high reproduction rate of Muscidae (about 8 generations per year), is due to the large number of enemies they have - and not due to a dramatic increase in their numbers.

A number of species (outside Europe) are known to transmit diseases such as dysentery, cholera, hepatitis, polio, anthrax, typhoid fever or sleeping sickness.

Further chapters of "House Flies"
- Housefly
- Face Fly
- Graphomyia maculata
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Muscidae with orange abdomen - Phaonia subventa
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