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Muscidae with orange abdomen - Phaonia subventa
Muscidae with orange abdomen - Phaonia subventa


Muscidae
Muscidae belong to the order Diptera. There are more than 4,000 species globally, approximately 600 of which can be found in Europe. Some examples are: stable fly, housefly and Graphomya maculata. The body length of Muscidae is between 2 and 18 mm. The flies can be gray, steel blue, green, yellow or red in colour. They have short antennae. They have 2 compound eyes and 3 simple eyes. They can bite or lick with their mouth parts.
The diet of Muscidae differs from species to species. There are parasites, blood suckers and also flower visitors. Then there are species that suck fluids of various kinds. Others feed on dead organic material and on the fungi which live within. There are species which live from feces and others which tunnel into plants, eating from their substance.

The larvae live in soil, some also in water. The larval phase ( in total 3 stages) lasts for about 8 days. In Europe the adult flies take 2 to 3 weeks to hatch. The high reproduction rate of Muscidae (about 8 generations per year), is due to the large number of enemies they have - and not due to a dramatic increase in their numbers.

A number of species (outside Europe) are known to transmit diseases such as dysentery, cholera, hepatitis, polio, anthrax, typhoid fever or sleeping sickness.

Genera399
Species9.940
Common namesHouse flies, Stable flies, Tsetse flies, Muscid flies, Horn flies, Face flies, Muscid flies house fly, Face fly, Horn fly, Stable fly
German namesEchte Fliegen, Hausfliegen, Vollfliegen
Dutch namesHuisvliegen, Echte vliegen, Huisvliegen en verwanten
Danish namesEgentlige fluer
Finnish namesSukaskärpäset
Norwegian namesMøkkfluer
Swedish namesHusflugor
Spanish namesMoscas
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Indo-Australian region
Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesMuscidae in bie.ala.org.au
Muscidae in faunaeur.org
Muscidae in itis.gov
Muscidae in dyntaxa.se
Muscidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "House Flies"
- Housefly
- Face Fly
- Graphomyia maculata
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Muscidae with orange abdomen - Phaonia subventa
Quick search: Muscidae - House - Flies - Fly - Abdomen - Eyes
Europe - Maculata - Mouthparts - Orange - Species - Larva - Mouth - Examples
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionCalyptratae
Calyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyMuscoidea
FamilyMuscidae
House flies, Stable flies, Tsetse flies, Muscid flies, Horn flies, Face flies, Muscid flies house fly, Face fly, Horn fly, Stable fly
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 Species overview
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Keywords
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NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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