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Common housefly - Musca domestica
Common housefly - Musca domestica


Housefly
The housefly (Musca domestica), also called house fly, house-fly or common housefly, belongs to the genus Musca, in the order Diptera, the suborder Brachycera and the family Muscidae. This species is commonly encountered almost everywhere in the world.
House fly
House fly
The housefly reaches body lengths of 5-8 mm. The body is covered in hair and largely grey in colour with 4 dark, longitudinal stripes on the chest. The underside is yellowish. The housefly has a proboscis and red compound eyes, which are farther apart on the head of the females than on the males. The housefly cannot sting. The life span of the housefly is approximately 16 to 24 days, the males mostly dying earlier than the females.
Musca domestica
Musca domestica
The females lay 100 to 150 eggs in garbage, compost, food or excrement. The larvae (maggots) hatch within a day and immediately start feeding on the rotting substrates surrounding them. The larvae have no legs and there is no clear separation between their heads and bodies. The maggots later pupate and remain as pupae for about 3-8 days before hatching as adult flies. 3 days after hatching they reach sexual maturity. A single female may produce 900 new houseflies within one month.
Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Houseflies are capable of developing resistance to pesticides and as they transmit various diseases, are considered to be a danger to humans and animals.
Musca domestica - Muscidae
Musca domestica - Muscidae

Musca (Musca) domestica
Subspecies5
Common namesCommon housefly, House-fly, House fly, Housefly, Under Oak
German namesStubenfliege, Gemeine Stubenfliege, Große Stubenfliege, Hausfliege, Stallfliege
Dutch namesHuisvlieg
Danish namesStueflue
Finnish namesHuonekärpänen
Norwegian namesHusflue
Swedish namesHusfluga
Spanish namesMosca común domestica
Italian namesMosca doméstica
French namesMouche domestique
Portuguese namesMosca não-hematófaga abudante no domicilio
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Africa
East Africa
Indian Ocean islands (Madagascar, Réunion), Zimbabwe
West Africa
Ghana, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Mali
North Africa
Algeria
Southern Africa
Namibia, Republic South Africa
Eurasia
Europe
South Europe (Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal), Italy), North Europe (Scandinavia (Sweden, Norway, Denmark), British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (South England (Southeast England (Kent)), North England (Northwest England (Cheshire))))), Ireland), Germany, Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia)), Iceland), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands)), Southeast Europe (Greece), Central Europe (Czech Republic)
Asia
Far East (East Asia (Taiwan, Japan, Mongolia, Korea (South Korea))), South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia))
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (Tasmania, East Australia (Queensland, New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory), Victoria), South Australia, West Australia)
Melanesia
New Caledonia
Polynesia
New Zealand, Tuvalu (Funafuti Atoll)
America
South America
Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador (Galápagos (Galápagos Islands))
North America
Mexico, USA (California), Canada (Ontario), Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Caribbean
Caribbean islands (Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Barthélemy)


World Oceans: Pacific Ocean

Ecozones: Nearctic

CountriesAfghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Tuvalu, USA, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Distr. infoWidespread
Taxonomic statusSynonymus of Fannia canicularis
Links and ReferencesMusca domestica in bie.ala.org.au
Musca domestica in faunaeur.org
Musca domestica in itis.gov
Musca domestica in dyntaxa.se
Musca domestica in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Common housefly - Musca domestica
2. House fly
3. Musca domestica
4. Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758)
5. Musca domestica - Muscidae
Quick search: Housefly - Body - House - Musca - Domestica - Fly
Insects - Flies - Head - Name - Life - Hair - Span - Chest
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionCalyptratae
Calyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyMuscoidea
FamilyMuscidae
House flies, Stable flies, Tsetse flies, Muscid flies, Horn flies, Face flies, Muscid flies house fly, Face fly, Horn fly, Stable fly
SubfamilyMuscinae
TribeMuscini
GenusMusca
SubgenusMusca
Speciesdomestica
Musca domestica
Common housefly, House-fly, House fly, Housefly, Under Oak
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Ascaris conosoma
Degeeria dawsoni
Degeeria obscura
Musca analis
Musca antiquissima
Musca atrifrons
Musca aurifacies
Musca aurulans
Musca australia
Musca australis
Musca basilaris
Musca calleva
Musca campicola
Musca chilensis
Musca consanguinea
Musca contigua
Musca corvina
Musca cuthbertsoni
Musca determinata
Musca divaricata
Musca divisa
Musca domestica major
Musca domesticamajor
Musca flavifacies
Musca flavinervis
Musca flavipennis
Musca frontalis
Musca fulvescens
Musca gymnosomea
Musca harpyia
Musca lateralis
Musca minor
Musca multispina
Musca nancauriensis
Musca nebulo
Musca nigricans
Musca oceanica
Musca pampasiana
Musca pellucens
Musca restitituo
Musca restituo
Musca rivularis
Musca rufifrons
Musca rufiventris
Musca sanctae helenae
Musca sanctae-helenae
Musca sordidissima
Musca soror
Musca stomoxidea
Musca taitensis
Musca tiberina
Musca umbraculata
Musca vaccina
Musca vagatoria
Musca vicaria
Musca vicina
Sphora australis
Sphora nigricans
Volucella domestica
 
Subspecies
Musca domestica calleva
Musca domestica curviforceps
Musca domestica domestica
Musca domestica major
Musca domestica vicina
 Species overview
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Keywords
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German Flag Stubenfliege
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