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Common housefly - Musca domestica
Common housefly - Musca domestica

The housefly (Musca domestica), also called house fly, house-fly or common housefly, belongs to the genus Musca, in the order Diptera, the suborder Brachycera and the family Muscidae. This species is commonly encountered almost everywhere in the world.
House fly
House fly
The housefly reaches body lengths of 5-8 mm. The body is covered in hair and largely grey in colour with 4 dark, longitudinal stripes on the chest. The underside is yellowish. The housefly has a proboscis and red compound eyes, which are farther apart on the head of the females than on the males. The housefly cannot sting. The life span of the housefly is approximately 16 to 24 days, the males mostly dying earlier than the females.
Musca domestica
Musca domestica
The females lay 100 to 150 eggs in garbage, compost, food or excrement. The larvae (maggots) hatch within a day and immediately start feeding on the rotting substrates surrounding them. The larvae have no legs and there is no clear separation between their heads and bodies. The maggots later pupate and remain as pupae for about 3-8 days before hatching as adult flies. 3 days after hatching they reach sexual maturity. A single female may produce 900 new houseflies within one month.
Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Houseflies are capable of developing resistance to pesticides and as they transmit various diseases, are considered to be a danger to humans and animals.
Musca domestica - Muscidae
Musca domestica - Muscidae

Musca (Musca) domestica
Common namesCommon housefly, House-fly, House fly, Housefly, Under Oak
German namesStubenfliege, Gemeine Stubenfliege, Große Stubenfliege, Hausfliege, Stallfliege
Dutch namesHuisvlieg
Danish namesStueflue
Finnish namesHuonekärpänen
Norwegian namesHusflue
Swedish namesHusfluga
Spanish namesMosca común domestica
Italian namesMosca doméstica
French namesMouche domestique
Portuguese namesMosca não-hematófaga abudante no domicilio
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758

East Africa
Indian Ocean islands (Madagascar, Réunion), Zimbabwe
West Africa
Ghana, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Mali
North Africa
Southern Africa
Namibia, Republic South Africa
South Europe (Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal), Italy), North Europe (Scandinavia (Sweden, Norway, Denmark), British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (South England (Southeast England (Kent)), North England (Northwest England (Cheshire))))), Ireland), Germany, Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia)), Iceland), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands)), Southeast Europe (Greece), Central Europe (Czech Republic)
Far East (East Asia (Taiwan, Japan, Mongolia, Korea (South Korea))), South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia))
Australia (Tasmania, East Australia (Queensland, New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory), Victoria), South Australia, West Australia)
New Caledonia
New Zealand, Tuvalu (Funafuti Atoll)
South America
Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador (Galápagos (Galápagos Islands))
North America
Mexico, USA (California), Canada (Ontario), Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Caribbean islands (Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Barthélemy)

World Oceans: Pacific Ocean

Ecozones: Nearctic

CountriesAfghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Tuvalu, USA, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Distr. infoWidespread
Taxonomic statusSynonymus of Fannia canicularis
Links and ReferencesMusca domestica in
Musca domestica in
Musca domestica in
Musca domestica in
Musca domestica in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Common housefly - Musca domestica
2. House fly
3. Musca domestica
4. Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758)
5. Musca domestica - Muscidae
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True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
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House flies, Stable flies, Tsetse flies, Muscid flies, Horn flies, Face flies, Muscid flies house fly, Face fly, Horn fly, Stable fly
Musca domestica
Common housefly, House-fly, House fly, Housefly, Under Oak
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
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