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 Narcissus bulb fly
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 Pellucid Hoverfly
 Platycheirus albimanus
 Scaeva pyrastri
 Sphaerophoria rueppelli
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 Syrphus ribesii
 Thick-legged Hoverfly
 Xanthogramma pedissequum
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Marmelade Fly Episyrphus balteatus from the side
Marmelade Fly Episyrphus balteatus from the side


Hoverflies
Hoverflies (Syrphidae) are a family of the order Diptera. There are 500 species in Europe, 1,800 in the Palearctic (the region comprising Europe and Asia - north of the Himalayan foothills - together with North Africa and the temperate part of the Arabian peninsula) and approximately 6,000 globally. The most striking characteristic of the hoverfly is its ability to remain in one place when flying, even in wind.
Hoverfly on red blossom
Hoverfly on red blossom
Because there is a huge variety of hoverflies their appearance and colour varies enormously. They can look similar to wasps, but they are not dangerous and have no sting. This mimicry protects them from their enemies. The body shape of the hoverfly varies from long and thin to compact. Some species are hairy. The front part of the head is shaped like a muzzle and the mouth parts are designed for sucking up liquid food such as nectar and for chewing pollen. Hoverflies have distinctive markings on their forewings.
Hoverfly and ant on a yellow flower
Hoverfly and ant on a yellow flower
The abdomen of the hoverfly differs from species to species. It can be wedge-shaped, thick, oblong or club-shaped. Its coloring varies from metallic black, black on blueishgrey tones to a variety of stripes and spots (mostly in black and yellow).
Hoverfly Megasyrphus annulipes
Hoverfly Megasyrphus annulipes
Hoverflies are important aspollinators of plant flowers. Some examples of hoverflies are: Chrysotoxum bicinctum, Parasyrphus punctulatus, Volucella bombylans, Syritta pipiens, the drone fly, Myathropa florea and Syrphus ribesii.
Eupeodes corollae
Eupeodes corollae

Genera541
Species13.142
Common namesRat-tailed Maggots, Hoverflies, Hover flies, Drone flies, Flower flies, Syrphid flies
German namesSchwebfliegen, Stehfliegen, Schwirrfliegen
Dutch namesZweefvliegen
Danish namesSvirrefluer, Blomsterfluer
Finnish namesKukkakärpäset
Norwegian namesBlomsterfluer
Swedish namesBlomflugor
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Neotropical
Indo-Australian region
Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesSyrphidae in bie.ala.org.au
Syrphidae in faunaeur.org
Syrphidae in itis.gov
Syrphidae in dyntaxa.se
Syrphidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Hoverflies"
- Marmelade Fly
- Syrphus ribesii
- Myathropa florea
- Drone fly
- Eristalis arbustorum
- Helophilus trivittatus
- Sphaerophoria scripta
- Chrysotoxum festivum
- Xanthogramma pedissequum
- Eupeodes corollae
- Thick-legged Hoverfly
- Xylota segnis
- Helophilus pendulus
- Eristalis pertinax
- Platycheirus albimanus
- Melanostoma mellinum
- Melanostoma scalare
- Heineken Hoverfly
- Eristalis lineata
- Narcissus bulb fly
- Baccha elongata
- Pellucid Hoverfly
- Eristalis interrupta
- Hornet mimic hoverfly
- Band-eyed drone fly
- Eristalinus megacephalus
- Eristalis horticola
- Paragus tibialis
- Paragus haemorrhous
- Scaeva pyrastri
- Epistrophe melanostoma
- Eristalis intricaria
- Eristalinus aeneus
- Sphaerophoria rueppelli
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Marmelade Fly Episyrphus balteatus from the side
2. Hoverfly on red blossom
3. Hoverfly and ant on a yellow flower
4. Hoverfly Megasyrphus annulipes
5. Eupeodes corollae
Quick search: Hoverfly - Hoverflies - Mouthparts - Mouth - Corollae - Flies
Eupeodes - Syrphidae - Body - Yellow - Fly - Blossom - Red - Black
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionAschiza
SuperfamilySyrphoidea
FamilySyrphidae
Rat-tailed Maggots, Hoverflies, Hover flies, Drone flies, Flower flies, Syrphid flies
AuthorLatreille, 1802
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Keywords
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