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Dune robberfly - Philonicus albiceps
Dune robberfly - Philonicus albiceps


Robber flies
Robber flies (Asilidae) are a family in the order Diptera. There are approximately 7100 species found throughout the world, 80 species of which exist in Germany.

Some examples of these species are: Andrenosoma albibarbe, Andrenosoma atra, Aneomochtherus flavicornis, Antipalus varipes, Antiphrisson trifarius, hornet robberfly (Asilus crabroniformis), Choerades femorata, Choerades fimbriata, Choerades fuliginosa, ginger robberfly (Choerades gilva), Choerades ignea, golden-haired robberfly (Choerades marginata), Choerades rufipes, Cyrtopogon lateralis, Didysmachus picipes, violet black-legged robberfly (Dioctria atricapilla), Dioctria bicincta and scarce red-legged robberfly (Dioctria cothurnata).

Robber flies are, on average, 10-20 mm in length, the smallest being 3-4 mm and the longest 65 mm. What is remarkable about these flies are their long, strong legs which they use to capture prey.

Adult robber fliesí ways of living are as varied as their biodiversity. Robber flies can be encountered in different habitats, from forests to sandy areas.

Less is known about their larvae They live in soil or in the woods and, like the adult flies, feed on other insects and their larvae (mainly on scarab beetlesí larvae, or on the larvae of beetles which live in wood). The larval stage takes 1-2 years before the larvae pupate.

Adult robber flies ambush other insects in flight. For this purpose they perch and wait. . If an insect is flying in their vicinity, the robber fly flies up into the air, attacks and stings.

Genera863
Species13.550
Common namesRobber flies, Assassin flies
German namesRaubfliegen, Jagdfliegen
Dutch namesRoofvliegen
Danish namesRovfluer
Finnish namesPetokärpäset
Norwegian namesRovfluer
Swedish namesRovflugor
AuthorLatreille, 1802
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Neotropical
Indo-Australian region


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesAsilidae in bie.ala.org.au
Asilidae in faunaeur.org
Asilidae in geller-grimm.de
Asilidae in itis.gov
Asilidae in dyntaxa.se
Asilidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "robber flies"
- dune robberfly
- Dioctria hyalipennis
- Devon red-legged robberfly
- Pied-winged robberfly
- Common robberfly
- Scarce red-legged robberfly
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Dune robberfly - Philonicus albiceps
Quick search: Robber - Fly - Black - Flies - Atra - Insect
Larvae - Germany - Rufipes - Robberfly - Species - Adult - Insects - Beetles
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderAsilomorpha
SuperfamilyAsiloidea
Therevids, Bee Flies
FamilyAsilidae
Robber flies, Assassin flies
AuthorLatreille, 1802
 Species overview
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