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Root-maggot fly - Anthomyiidae
Root-maggot fly - Anthomyiidae


Root-maggot flies
Root-maggot flies (Anthomyiidae) form a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder flies (Brachycera), the infraorder Muscomorpha (division: Schizophora, subdivision: Calyptrata) and the superfamily Muscoidea. They are divided into the subfamilies Anthomyiinae and Pegomyinae. The two subfamilies include the following tribes: Anthomyiini, Chirosiini, Hydrophoriini, Pegomyini and Myopinini.
Genera of these tribes are: Anthomyia, Botanophila, Chiastocheta, Fucellia, Hylemya, Hylemyza, Chirosia, Egle, Lasiomma, Strobilomyia, Acridomyia, Adia, Boreophorbia, Coenosopsia, Delia, Eustalomyia, Heterostylodes, Hydrophoria, Leucophora, Paregle, Phorbia, Subhylemyia, Zaphne, Alliopsis, Emmesomyia, Eutrichota, Paradelia, Parapegomyia, Pegomyia, Pegoplata, Calythea, Myopina, Hammomyia, Hylephila, Fucellia, Lasiomma and Chiastocheta.
Root-maggot flies are found worldwide. There are around 1,200 species globally and 220 in Central Europe. Root-maggot flies are small to medium in size and often have strong bristles. Some species have striking patterns in grey and black, others have yellow abdomens or yellow legs, however most species of root-maggot flies are rather unremarkable in appearance.
Root-maggot flies prefer to live on flowering plants, where they feed on the nectar and pollen. However, they also sometimes feed on liquid manure, sweat, blood or the watery discharge from wounds. Some species live on rotting seaweed, others reside in the nests of bees or wasps, where they eat the food reserves of their hosts or the unwanted remains of these.
The fertilized females lay their eggs on the host plants of the larvae, or in the soil. The larvae feed as rootworms or mostly as leaf miners. Some species of larvae can cause considerable damage when they infest crops. This includes in particular, species of the genus Delia (Delia antiqua, Delia coarctata, Delia Floralis, Delia platura, Delia radicum) and the turnip fly (Pegomyia hyoscyami). The larvae of other species of root-maggot flies feed on fungus or rotting plant parts. Root-maggot flies overwinter in the soil as pupae.

Genera117
Species3.505
Common namesAnthomyiid flies, Cabbage flies, Root-maggot flies, Maggots, Root maggots, Flower flies
German namesRegenfliegen, Blumenfliegen
Dutch namesBloemvliegen
Danish namesBlomsterfluer
Finnish namesJuurikärpäset
Swedish namesBlomsterflugor
AuthorRobineau-desvoidy, 1830
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Nearctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Yemen, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesAnthomyiidae in bie.ala.org.au
Anthomyiidae in faunaeur.org
Anthomyiidae in itis.gov
Anthomyiidae in dyntaxa.se
Anthomyiidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Root-maggot flies"
- Hylemya strenua
- Anthomyia pluvialis
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Root-maggot fly - Anthomyiidae
Quick search: Maggot - Root - Maggots - Fly - Flies - Anthomyiidae
Larvae - Delia - Insects - Flying - Pegomyia - Yellow - Insect - Species
Sources, links and more informations
Root-maggot flies in Wikipedia
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionCalyptratae
Calyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyMuscoidea
FamilyAnthomyiidae
Anthomyiid flies, Cabbage flies, Root-maggot flies, Maggots, Root maggots, Flower flies
AuthorRobineau-desvoidy, 1830
 
Synonyms
Cordyluridae
Scatomyzidae
Scopeumatidae
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Blumenfliegen
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