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Root-maggot fly - Anthomyiidae
Root-maggot fly - Anthomyiidae

Root-maggot flies
Root-maggot flies (Anthomyiidae) form a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder flies (Brachycera), the infraorder Muscomorpha (division: Schizophora, subdivision: Calyptrata) and the superfamily Muscoidea. They are divided into the subfamilies Anthomyiinae and Pegomyinae. The two subfamilies include the following tribes: Anthomyiini, Chirosiini, Hydrophoriini, Pegomyini and Myopinini.
Genera of these tribes are: Anthomyia, Botanophila, Chiastocheta, Fucellia, Hylemya, Hylemyza, Chirosia, Egle, Lasiomma, Strobilomyia, Acridomyia, Adia, Boreophorbia, Coenosopsia, Delia, Eustalomyia, Heterostylodes, Hydrophoria, Leucophora, Paregle, Phorbia, Subhylemyia, Zaphne, Alliopsis, Emmesomyia, Eutrichota, Paradelia, Parapegomyia, Pegomyia, Pegoplata, Calythea, Myopina, Hammomyia, Hylephila, Fucellia, Lasiomma and Chiastocheta.
Root-maggot flies are found worldwide. There are around 1,200 species globally and 220 in Central Europe. Root-maggot flies are small to medium in size and often have strong bristles. Some species have striking patterns in grey and black, others have yellow abdomens or yellow legs, however most species of root-maggot flies are rather unremarkable in appearance.
Root-maggot flies prefer to live on flowering plants, where they feed on the nectar and pollen. However, they also sometimes feed on liquid manure, sweat, blood or the watery discharge from wounds. Some species live on rotting seaweed, others reside in the nests of bees or wasps, where they eat the food reserves of their hosts or the unwanted remains of these.
The fertilized females lay their eggs on the host plants of the larvae, or in the soil. The larvae feed as rootworms or mostly as leaf miners. Some species of larvae can cause considerable damage when they infest crops. This includes in particular, species of the genus Delia (Delia antiqua, Delia coarctata, Delia Floralis, Delia platura, Delia radicum) and the turnip fly (Pegomyia hyoscyami). The larvae of other species of root-maggot flies feed on fungus or rotting plant parts. Root-maggot flies overwinter in the soil as pupae.

Further chapters of "Root-maggot flies"
- Hylemya strenua
- Anthomyia pluvialis
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Root-maggot fly - Anthomyiidae
Sources, links and more informations
Root-maggot flies in Wikipedia
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