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Chloromyia formosa
Chloromyia formosa


Chloromyia formosa
Chloromyia formosa belong to the genus Chloromyia, in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder true flies (Brachycera) [ unranked: Orthorrhapha], the infraorder Stratiomyomorpha, the family soldier flies (Stratiomyidae) and the subfamily Sarginae. The species is common and widespread from southern Scandinavia and Western Europe to North Africa. In Central Europe it is the most common species of soldier fly. Some time ago it was introduced into the eastern United States.
Soldier fly - Chloromyia formosa
Soldier fly - Chloromyia formosa
Adult Chloromyia formosa reach body lengths of 7-9 mm. Their bodies are metallic coloured and slimly built. Their hairy, purple-violet eyes are an important identifying characteristic. Chloromyia formosa have a broad, flat abdomen. The sides remain uncovered when the wings, yellow tinted and smoky brown, are in resting position. The female’s abdomen is a metallic greenish-blue colour with a purple sheen (depending on the light), while the male’s is a coppery-green colour. The tibiae of the legs have no spurs.
Chloromyia formosa - Top view
Chloromyia formosa - Top view
Chloromyia formosa prefer wooded areas, copses, hedgerows, parks and gardens. They are diurnal and active from May to August. In sunny weather they can seen on leaves or on the umbels of the parsley family (hogweed). They usually eat pollen and nectar. Occasionally, however, they rely on animal manure substrates.
Stratiomyidae - Chloromyia formosa
Stratiomyidae - Chloromyia formosa
Sexual maturity is reached when the fly is fully developed and these insects mate several times between May and August. The fertilized females lay their eggs on rotting plants, aquatic plants or on the surface of water.
The larvae have a flat, uniform body, which gets thinner at the ends. The skin is leathery and due to calcium deposits, is like a shell. It also protects the larvae from drying out. The larvae live in compost, humus or manure where they feed on decaying plant debris (leaf debris, rotten tree bark etc). After reaching the final larval stage they overwinter. Insectivores, birds and spiders are all natural enemies of Chloromyia formosa.

Chloromyia formosa
Common namesBroad centurion, Green Soldier Fly
German namesGoldgrüne Waffenfliege
Dutch namesPrachtwapenvlieg
Danish namesGrøn våbenflue
AuthorScopoli, 1763
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain), Ireland), Germany, Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland)), West Europe (Austria, France, Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain)), Central Europe (Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia)), Southeast Europe (Bulgaria, Greece)
Russia
Africa
North Africa
Tunisia
America
North America


Ecozones: Nearctic

CountriesAustria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesChloromyia formosa in itis.gov
Chloromyia formosa in dyntaxa.se
Chloromyia formosa in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Chloromyia formosa
2. Soldier fly - Chloromyia formosa
3. Chloromyia formosa - Top view
4. Stratiomyidae - Chloromyia formosa
Quick search: Formosa - Chloromyia - Soldier - Fly - Purple - Flies
Metallic - Larva - Synonym - Stratiomyidae - Larvae - Plants - Species - August
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderStratiomyomorpha
SuperfamilyStratiomyoidea
FamilyStratiomyidae
Soldier flies
SubfamilySarginae
GenusChloromyia
Speciesformosa
Chloromyia formosa
Broad centurion, Green Soldier Fly
AuthorScopoli, 1763
 
Synonyms
Chloromyia aurata
Chloromyia cicur
Musca aurata
Musca cicur
Musca formosa
Musca vallata
Nemotelus flavogeniculatus
Sargus aeneus
Sargus azureus
Sargus xanthopterus
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Chloromyia formosa
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