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Spear-winged fly - Genus Lonchoptera
Spear-winged fly - Genus Lonchoptera


Spear-winged flies
Spear-winged flies (Lonchopteridae) are a family in the order Diptera, suborder Brachycera, infraorder Muscomorpha, the unranked taxon Cyclorrhapha, the section Aschiza and the superfamily Lonchopteroidea. Their scientific family name is synonymous with the Musidoridae. This small family is monogeneric, it only contains the genus Lonchoptera, with 45 species known worldwide.
Scientific synonyms for the genus Lonchoptera are: Musidora, Lonchopterix and Dipsa. 9 species of spear-winged flies occur in Germany. Some examples of the Lonchoptera species are: Lonchoptera bifurcata, Lonchoptera furcata, Lonchoptera lutea, Lonchoptera meijerei, Lonchoptera nigrociliata, Lonchoptera nitidifrons, Lonchoptera scutellata and Lonchoptera tristis. Lonchoptera furcata are found throughout the world possibly due to overseas shipments of vegetables. Male spear-winged flies are rarely encountered, especially in North America.
Spear-winged flies are usually small, with body lengths of 2-5 mm. Their slender bodies are yellow, brownh or brownish-black in colour and are covered in bristly hairs. Their wings are spear shaped hence their name. Spear-winged flies have long legs with which they move forward, quickly and jerkily.
They prefer moist, shady, grassy habitats, and are mainly found in wet forest soils and water edges. They are found on thicker leaf litter, on wet rocks and very often on the underside of leaves. Most species of spear-winged flies reproduce by parthenogenesis. This means that their larvae hatch from unfertilised eggs.
There are 6 different kinds of spear-winged fly larvae and they are shaped like wood lice. They have flat backs and 2 pairs of bristles on their heads. They live on the ground, amongst dead leaves, or in dung or rotting vegetation. They can even be found among the leaves of Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea) or white beets, especially in wet weather. The larvae feed on fungal threads (hyphae), algal cells, pollen, soil particles and substrates, which they find in excrement. They also prey on the larvae of bark beetles. They pupate in the soil.

Genera9
Species100
Common namesSpear-winged flies, Pointed-wing flies, Pointed-winged Flies, Spear winged flies
German namesLanzenfliegen
Dutch namesSpeervleugelvliegen
Danish namesSpidsvingefluer
Finnish namesOtakärpäset
Norwegian namesSpissvingefluer
Swedish namesSpjutvingeflugor
AuthorCurtis, 1839
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Nearctic


Fossils:

Mesozoic


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Latvia, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Morocco, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USA, Uganda, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesLonchopteridae in bie.ala.org.au
Lonchopteridae in faunaeur.org
Lonchopteridae in itis.gov
Lonchopteridae in dyntaxa.se
Lonchopteridae in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Spear-winged fly - Genus Lonchoptera
Quick search: Spear - Winged - Fly - Flies - Feed - Lonchoptera
Insect - Insects - Bugs - Beetles - Larvae - Flying - Leaves - Dung
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderBrachycera
Short-horned flies, Muscoid flies, Circular-seamed flies, Flies
InfraorderMuscomorpha
SectionSchizophora
SubsectionAcalyptratae
Acalyptrate muscoids
SuperfamilyLonchopteroidea
FamilyLonchopteridae
Spear-winged flies, Pointed-wing flies, Pointed-winged Flies, Spear winged flies
AuthorCurtis, 1839
 
Synonyms
Lonchopteroidea (Brues & Melander, 1932)
Musidoridae
 Species overview

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Lanzenfliegen
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