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Grashopper (Caelifera)
Grashopper (Caelifera) (Pictures of Locusts)


Locusts - Long-horned Orthoptera (Ensifera) and grasshoppers (Caelifera)
Locusts belong to the orders of Long-horned Orthoptera (Ensifera) and grasshoppers (Caelifera). They constitute the sum of all species of these two orders and they are called Orthoptera. Examples include: Crickets (Gryllidae), Great Green Bush Cricket (Tettigonia viridissima), Chorthippus parallelus and Acrididae. They are found globally except in extremely cold areas. European species have migrated from colder regions, and also partly from the south because of increasing temperatures.
Grasshopper
Grasshopper (Pictures of Locusts)
Orthoptera differ from other insects in the following ways: they have 2 pairs of wings, biting and chewing mouth parts, 3 simple eyes as well as compound eyes, a number of different wire-like sensors, a saddle-like Pronotum, hind legs which make them capable to jump, organs for the production and perception of sound and 11 segments of the abdomen with an ovipositor on the female abdomen.
Locust - May be Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) - Larva without wings
Locust - May be Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) - Larva without wings (Pictures of Locusts)
Egg-laying is done either directly on the ground or in frothy cocoons. European locusts - in contrast to the tropical species - develop in 6 larval stages. Locusts usually spend the winter in the egg state but there are species which overwinter as larvae or adults. Orthoptera can be herbivores or omnivores. 2 species live on aphids. As a rule, Orthoptera are solitary animals, however, migratory locusts live temporarily in large swarms, and can cause major damage to crops. In some cultures, Orthoptera in general constitute part of the diet.

Families104
Genera6.263
Species52.727
Common namesLocusts, Grasshoppers, Katydids, Crickets, Wetas, Crickets and Katydids, Grasshppers and Crickets
German namesHeuschrecken, Springschrecken, Geradflügler, Kaukerfe
Dutch namesKrekels en sprinkhanen, Sprinkhanen en krekels
Danish namesGræshopper
Finnish namesSuorasiipiset
Norwegian namesRettvinger
Swedish namesHopprätvingar
French namesOrthoptères
AuthorLatreille, 1793
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, West Africa, North Africa, Cape Verde)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)

Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic, Nearctic, Neotropical

Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Cambrian, Permian, Carboniferous, Devonian)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic)

Pacific Ocean (Pacific Islands)

Indian Ocean (Western Indian Ocean)


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Somaliland, South Korea, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesOrthoptera in orthoptera.speciesfile.org
Orthoptera in darwinfoundation.org
Orthoptera in faunaeur.org
Orthoptera in grasshoppersofeurope.com
Orthoptera in itis.gov
Orthoptera in papua-insects.nl
Orthoptera in dyntaxa.se
Orthoptera in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Locusts"
- Speckled Bush-Cricket
- Common Field Grasshopper
- Short-horned Grasshoppers
  - Slant-faced grasshoppers
    - Omocestus rufipes
    - Steppe Grasshopper
    - Lesser marsh grasshopper
  - Band-winged Grasshoppers
    - Common Digging Grasshopper
    - Blue-winged Grasshopper
    - Handsome Cross Grasshopper
  - Silent Slant-faced Grasshoppers
    - Slant-faced grasshopper
  - Spur-throated Grasshoppers
    - Common Maquis Grasshopper
- Crickets
  - European mole cricket
  - Common Crevice-cricket
- Bush crickets, Katydids
  - Dark bush-cricket
  - Meadow Dark Bush-cricket
  - Rough-backed Bush Cricket
  - European Bushcricket
  - Roesels Bush-cricket
  - Upland Green Bush-cricket
  - Uromenus brevicollis insularis
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Grashopper (Caelifera)
2. Grasshopper
3. Locust - May be Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) - Larva without wings
Quick search: Locust - Cocoon - European - Cocoons - Insect - Insects
Wings - Species - Larvae - Mouth - Grasshopper - Stages - Chorthippus - Bug
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderPolyneoptera
OrderOrthoptera
Locusts, Grasshoppers, Katydids, Crickets, Wetas, Crickets and Katydids, Grasshppers and Crickets
AuthorLatreille, 1793
 
Synonyms
Dictyoptera (Latreille, 1829)
Saltatoria (Webster, 1913)
 Families overview
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Keywords
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