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Grashopper (Caelifera)
Grashopper (Caelifera) (Pictures of Locusts)


Locusts - Long-horned Orthoptera (Ensifera) and grasshoppers (Caelifera)
Locusts belong to the orders of Long-horned Orthoptera (Ensifera) and grasshoppers (Caelifera). They constitute the sum of all species of these two orders and they are called Orthoptera. Examples include: Crickets (Gryllidae), Great Green Bush Cricket (Tettigonia viridissima), Chorthippus parallelus and Acrididae. They are found globally except in extremely cold areas. European species have migrated from colder regions, and also partly from the south because of increasing temperatures.
Grasshopper
Grasshopper (Pictures of Locusts)
Orthoptera differ from other insects in the following ways: they have 2 pairs of wings, biting and chewing mouth parts, 3 simple eyes as well as compound eyes, a number of different wire-like sensors, a saddle-like Pronotum, hind legs which make them capable to jump, organs for the production and perception of sound and 11 segments of the abdomen with an ovipositor on the female abdomen.
Locust - May be Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) - Larva without wings
Locust - May be Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) - Larva without wings (Pictures of Locusts)
Egg-laying is done either directly on the ground or in frothy cocoons. European locusts - in contrast to the tropical species - develop in 6 larval stages. Locusts usually spend the winter in the egg state but there are species which overwinter as larvae or adults. Orthoptera can be herbivores or omnivores. 2 species live on aphids. As a rule, Orthoptera are solitary animals, however, migratory locusts live temporarily in large swarms, and can cause major damage to crops. In some cultures, Orthoptera in general constitute part of the diet.


Further chapters of "Locusts"
- Speckled Bush-Cricket
- Common Field Grasshopper
- Short-horned Grasshoppers
  - Slant-faced grasshoppers
    - Omocestus rufipes
- Crickets
  - European mole cricket
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Grashopper (Caelifera)
2. Grasshopper
3. Locust - May be Common Field Grasshopper (Chorthippus brunneus) - Larva without wings
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