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Common Digging Grasshopper - Acrotylus insubricus (Scopoli, 1786)


Common Digging Grasshopper
Common Digging Grasshopper
Acrotylus insubricus belongs to the genus Acrotylus in the order Orthoptera (locusts, katydids, crickets and grasshoppers), suborder Caelifera, infraorder Acrididea, superfamily Acridoidea, family grasshoppers (Acrididae), subfamily Oedipodinae and the tribe Acrotylini. The representatives of this genus are small and distinctly hairy.
Acrotylus insubricus
Acrotylus insubricus
Scientific synonyms for Acrotylus insubricus are: Acrotylus patruelis rosea, Acrotylus versicolor, Acrydium maculatum, Gryllus fasciatus, Gryllus insubricus, Oedipoda inficita and Oedipoda madera. Acrotylus insubricus have a few sub-species: Acrotylus insubricus biskrensis, Acrotylus insubricus inficitus, Acrotylus patruelis rosea and Acrotylus insubricus insubricus.
Acrotylus insubricus (Scopoli, 1786)
Acrotylus insubricus (Scopoli, 1786)
Acrotylus insubricus are commonly found throughout the Canary Islands and the entire Mediterranean region. However this species is not encountered in Germany or Central Europe.
Common Digging Grasshopper - Acrotylus insubricus
Common Digging Grasshopper - Acrotylus insubricus
The females can reach body lengths of 15 to 20 mm, the males, 12 to 16 mm. The bodies of these insects are greyish-brown in colour and covered with fine, dark spots. The central keel of the scute (in the centre and just before it) is notched. There is one large dark spot with a white dot on the side of the pronotum. The base of the hind wings is red to pink and the upper parts are transparent. The outer edge of the wing’s red surface is represented by a crescent-shaped brown bend. The hind legs have 3 dark, triangular patches at the top.
Due to their appearance Acrotylus insubricus can be confused with Acrotylus patruelis.
Acrotylus insubricus - Front view
Acrotylus insubricus - Front view
Acrotylus insubricus prefer habitats near the coast, especially with open wasteland and low soil moisture, such as cliffs, piles of rocks, sand dunes and stony paths. Acrotylus insubricus can be encountered throughout the year on the Canary Islands but the adults are active from mid-August to spring. Acrotylus insubricus are vegetarian and live on grasses, herbs and moss.

Acrotylus insubricus
Subspecies6
Common namesCommon Digging Grasshopper
German namesInsubrische Ödlandschrecke
French namesOEdipode grenadine, OEdipode milanaise
AuthorScopoli, 1786
Eco zoneTerrestrial
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
West Europe (France (South France (Corsica))), North Europe (Germany), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia, Montenegro)), Albania), East Europe (Ukraine)
Asia
South Asia (India, Afghanistan), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen)), North Asia, Central Asia (Turkestan (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan))
Russia
Siberia (Altai, East Siberia (Southeast Siberia (Zabaykalsky Krai)))
Africa
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Macaronesia (Canary Islands), Sudan
West Africa
Nigeria, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal
Central Africa
Chad


CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Chad, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Gambia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Montenegro, Morocco, Nigeria, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yemen
Taxonomic statusSynonymus of Acrotylus fischeri
Links and ReferencesAcrotylus insubricus in faunaeur.org

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Common Digging Grasshopper
2. Acrotylus insubricus
3. Acrotylus insubricus (Scopoli, 1786)
4. Common Digging Grasshopper - Acrotylus insubricus
5. Acrotylus insubricus - Front view
Quick search: Dark - Central - Red - Common - Hind - Grasshoppers
Genus - Grasshopper - Brown - Species - Canary - Spring - August - Vegetarian
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderPolyneoptera
OrderOrthoptera
Locusts, Grasshoppers, Katydids, Crickets, Wetas, Crickets and Katydids, Grasshppers and Crickets, Grasshoppers and crickets
SuborderCaelifera
Short-horned grasshoppers
InfraorderAcrididea
SuperfamilyAcridoidea
FamilyAcrididae
Short-horned grasshoppers, Grasshoppers, Grasshoppers and locusts, Shorthorned Grasshoppers
SubfamilyOedipodinae
Band-winged grasshoppers
TribeAcrotylini
GenusAcrotylus
Speciesinsubricus
Acrotylus insubricus
Common Digging Grasshopper
AuthorScopoli, 1786
 
Synonyms
Acrotylus insubricus biskrensis
Acrotylus insubricus inficitus
Acrotylus insubricus insubricus
Acrotylus maculatus inficitus
Acrotylus versicolor
Acrydium maculatum
Gryllus fasciatus
Gryllus insubricus
Oedipoda inficita
Oedipoda insubrica
Oedipoda maderae
Oedipoda variegata
 
Subspecies
Acrotylus insubricus biskrensis
Acrotylus insubricus braudi
Acrotylus insubricus fischeri
Acrotylus insubricus inficitus
Acrotylus insubricus innotatus
Acrotylus insubricus insubricus
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Insubrische Ödlandsch ...
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