The underside of the body of both sexes is (moving from front to rear) first green, then yellow then red. This colour change constitutes the most important identifying characteristic of the species.
The front side of the head is black to blackish brown in both sexes. The colouration of the crown of the head corresponds to that of the back in both sexes. The antennae are black and have lighter tips. The maxillary and labial palpi are dark and also have lighter tips.
The thorax is black. The first segments of the abdomen are black The tip of the male’s abdomen is bright crimson. The wings go back as far as the hind knees and are mottled in the middle. The top halves are very dark. Due to their appearance, Omocestus rufipes can be confused with other species of grasshoppers.
|Omocestus rufipes prefer dry, open, sparsely vegetated habitats, especially in mountainous areas. This includes sandy, stony or rocky areas with extremely dry vegetation and grazed sheep pastures, dry grasslands, heaths, roadsides, slopes, forest clearings and edges of marshes, all of which are exposed to the sun. Omocestus rufipes are active from the beginning of July to November and feed on grasses. |
The fertilized females lay their eggs in summer or autumn in the root zone of plants or in the upper 2 cm of the soil layer. The eggs overwinter there. The larvae hatch in the spring and develop through four larval stages from June to November to become adults.
|Omocestus (Omocestus) rufipes|
|Common names||Woodland grasshopper|
|German names||Buntbäuchiger Grashüpfer|
|Danish names||Rødbenet lynggræshoppe|
|French names||Criquet noir-ébène, Criquet noir-éb`ene, Le Criquet noir-ébène|
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain)), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland)), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica)), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), Liechtenstein), South Europe (Italy, Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia, Montenegro))), East Europe
West Asia (Near East (Turkey)), North Asia, Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan))
Siberia (Altai, East Siberia (Southeast Siberia (Zabaykalsky Krai))), European Russia (Central European Russia, East European Russia)
|Countries||Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom|
|Taxonomic status||Synonymus of Pezotettix giornae|
|Links and References||Omocestus rufipes in faunaeur.org|
Omocestus rufipes in Wikipedia (English)