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Male Panorpidae
Male Panorpidae


Mecoptera
Mecoptera, sometimes called ‘scorpionflies’, belong to the Neoptera. There are approximately 600 species worldwide, 10 of which can be found in Europe.

Mecoptera can reach a body length of 3. 5 to 20 mm with a wing span of 20 to 40 mm. They have 2 pairs of wings which are almost identical. In some species the wings are much smaller and in others the larger pair of wings is missing. A notable characteristic of the adult insect is the elongation of the mouth parts; this has earned it the name „Schnabelfliege“ in German (Schnabel = beak ; Fliege = fly).

The larvae look like caterpillars, but have real legs on the chest and abdomen segments. A fork placed on the last abdomen segment also serves the movement of the larvae.

Some examples of Mecoptera are: snow scorpionflies, hangingflies and species of the the Panorpidae.
Hangingfly
Hangingfly

Families91
Genera810
Species12.094
Common namesScorpion-flies, Scorpion flies, Snowflies, Scorpionflies, Hangingflies, Hanging flies
German namesSchnabelhafte, Schnabelfliegen
Dutch namesSchorpioenvliegen, Schorpioenvliegachtigen
Danish namesSkorpionfluer, Skorpionsfluer
Finnish namesKärsäkorennot
Norwegian namesSkorpionfluer
Swedish namesNäbbsländor
AuthorHyatt & Arms, 1891
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean, West American subregion)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia)

Antarctica (Antarctic)


Ecozones:

Palaearctic (West Palaearctic, East Palaearctic, South Palaearctic)

Nearctic, Afrotropical, Neotropical, Indo-Australian region (Oriental)

Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Cambrian, Permian, Carboniferous, Devonian)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic)

Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesMecoptera in bie.ala.org.au
Mecoptera in faunaeur.org
Mecoptera in itis.gov
Mecoptera in dyntaxa.se
Mecoptera in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Mecoptera"
- Scorpionflies
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Male Panorpidae
2. Hangingfly
Quick search: Mecoptera - Wings - Species - Panorpidae - Scorpionflies - Abdomen
Larvae - Male - German - Mouth - Body - Europe - Name - Span
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderMecoptera
Scorpion-flies, Scorpion flies, Snowflies, Scorpionflies, Hangingflies, Hanging flies
AuthorHyatt & Arms, 1891
 
Synonyms
Panorpida (Kristensen, 1981)
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Schnabelfliegen
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