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Mosquito - Nematocera
Mosquito - Nematocera (Pictures of mosquitoes)


Nematocera (Nematocera)
Nematocera belong to the Insect Order Diptera. Examples of Nematocera families are: Anisopodidae, Bibionidae, winter crane flies, crane flies, net-winged midges, blackfly, gall midges, biting midgets, dark-winged fungus gnats, minute black scavenger flies, phantom midges, phantom crane Flies, Chironomidae, moth flies, mosquitoes, Macroceridae, and fungus gnats. In Germany, mosquitoes and crane flies are the most common.
Fossil findings of Nematocera date back to 170 million years ago. The family includes 35 genera with 2, 700 species. 104 species occure in Europe.

Nematocera are delicately constructed, with slim, wire like antennae and long thin legs. Their mouthparts are usually used to sting and to suck up food.

The Nematocera are found throughout the world, mostly in the vicinity of water. Different species are common in different areas. They feed on blood, which they suck from mammals, birds, reptiles or amphibians. Crane flies, from which a total of about 4000 species are known, are not among the blood-sucking insects. They feed on nectar or water. While the Nematocera have a bad reputation amongst humans because their bites can be painful and can cause allergies and transmit germs, the crane fly (larval stage) is regarded as a useful animal, because the diet and elimination behaviour of the larvae help to improve the soil.

Families100
Genera3.914
Species84.054
Common namesLong-horned flies, Mosquitoes
German namesMücken
Dutch namesMuggen
Finnish namesSääsket
Norwegian namesMygg
Swedish namesMyggor
AuthorLatreille, 1825
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia (Asia, Europe, Russia, Caucasus, North Eurasia)

America (North America, South America, Central America, Caribbean)

Africa (East Africa, Southern Africa, Central Africa, North Africa, West Africa)

Oceania (Australasia, Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia)

Antarctica (Subantarctic Islands, Antarctic Islands)


Ecozones:

Palaearctic (West Palaearctic, East Palaearctic, South Palaearctic)

Nearctic, Afrotropical, Neotropical, Indo-Australian region (Oriental)

Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary)

Paleozoic (Cambrian, Permian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Silurian, Devonian)

Mesozoic (Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic)


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean (Pacific Islands, Bering Sea)

Atlantic Ocean (British overseas territory Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands)

Indian Ocean (Bay of Bengal)


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesNematocera in bie.ala.org.au
Nematocera in faunaeur.org
Nematocera in itis.gov
Nematocera in dyntaxa.se
Nematocera in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Mosquitoes"
- moth flies
- Bibionidae
  - Bibio marci
  - Bibio clavipes
- Mosquitoes
  - House mosquito
- Wood gnats
- Limoniid Crane Flies
  - Epiphragma ocellaris
- Phantom midges
  - Chaoborus crystallinus
- Chironomids
  - Chironomus atroviridis
- Dung midges
- Ptychopteridae
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Mosquito - Nematocera
Quick search: Nematocera - Mosquitoes - Insects - Black - Flies - Examples
Families - Fly - Species - Scavenger - Family - Crane - Anisopodidae - Common
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderNematocera
Long-horned flies, Mosquitoes
AuthorLatreille, 1825
 
Synonyms
Culocoidea (Bagnall, 1939)
Nematocerata (Gravenhorst, 1843)
Nematoceratae (Bigot, 1891)
Nemocera (Latreille, 1825)
Nemocerae (Gray, 1832)
Nemocerata (Perty, 1833)
Nemoceratae (Bigot, 1890)
Nemoceri (Lioy, 1895)
Nemoceridi (Targioni Tozetti, 1870)
Polyarta (Billberg, 1820)
 Families overview
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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