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 Chironomus atroviridis
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Chironomid - Chironomidae
Chironomid - Chironomidae


Chironomids
The Chironomids (Chironomidae) are a family of insects in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder Nematocera, the infraorder Culicomorpha and the superfamily Chironomoidea. The Chironomidae are divided into the following subfamilies: Aphroteniinae, Buchonomyiinae, Chilenomyinae, Chironominae, Diamesinae, Orthocladiinae, Podonominae, Prodiamesinae, Tanypodinae, Telmatogetoninae and Usambaromyiinae.
Diamesa sp.
Diamesa sp.
Genera of the family of midges are: Abiskomyia, Ablabesmyia, Acamptocladius, Acricotopus, Avrozavrelia, Alotanypus, Anatopynia, Antillocladius, Apedilum, Apometriocnemus, Apsectrotanypus, Arctodiamesa, Arctopelopia, Asheum, Australopelopia, Axarus, Baeoctenus, Baeotendipes, Beardius, Beckidia, Belgica, Bethbilbeckia, Boreochlus, Boreoheptagyia, Boreosmittia, Brillia, Brundiniella, Bryophaenocladius, Buchonomyia, Camptocladius, Carbochironomus, Cardiocladius, Chasmatonotus, Chernovskiia, Chironomus Cladopelma, Cladotanytarsus, Clinotanypus, Clunio, Coelotanypus, Compterusmittia, Conchapelopia, Constempellina, Corynocera, Corynoneura, Corynoneurella, Cricotopus, Cryptochironomus, Denopelopia, Derotanypus, Diamesa, Dicrotendipes, Diplocladius, Diplosmittia, Djalmabatista, Doithrix, Doncricotopus, Echinocladius, Einfeldia, Endochironomus, Endotribelos, Epoicocladius, Eretmoptera, Eukiefferiella, Eurycnemus, Euryhapsis, Fittkauimyia, Georthocladius, Gillotia, Glyptotendipes, Goeldichoronomus, Graceus, Gravatamberus, Guttipelopia, Gymnometriocnemus, Gynocladius, Halocladius, Harnischia, Hayesomyia, Heleniella, Helopelopia, Heterotanytarsus, Heterotrissocladius, Hudsonimyia, Hydrobaenus, Hyporhygma, Ichthyocladius, Irisobrillia, Kiefferulus, Kloosia, Krenopelopia, Krenosmittia, Labrundinia, Lappodiamesa, Lauterborniella, Lymnophyes, Lipiniella, Lipurometriocnemus, Litocladius, Lopescladius, Lyrocladius, Macropelopia, Mesocricotopus, Mesosmittia, Metriocnemus, Microchironomus, Micropsectra, Microtendipes, Monodiamesa, Monopelopia, Nanocladius, Natarsia, Neozavrelia, Nilotanypus, Nilothauma, Nimbocera, Odontomesa, Oliveridia, Omisus, Onconeura, Oreadomyia, Orthocladius, Pagastia, Pagastiella, Paraboreochlus, Parachaetocladius, Parachironomus, Paracladius, Paracladopelma, Paracricotopus, Parakiefferiella, Paralauterborniella, Paralymnophyes, Paramerina, Parametriocnemus, Parapentaneura, Paraphaenocladius, Parapsectra, Parasmittia, Paratanytarsus, Paratendipes, Paratrichocladius, Paratrissocladius, Parochlus, Parorthocladius, Pentaneura, Phaenopsectra, Pirara, Platysmittia, Plhudsonia, Polypedilum, Potthastia, Procladius, Prodiamesa, Protanypus, Psectrocladius, Psectrotanypus, Pseudokiefferiella, Pseudochironomus, Pseudodiamesa, Pseudorthocladius, Pseudosmittia, Psilometriocnemus, Rheocricotopus, Rheomyia, Rheopelopia, Rheosmittia, Rheotanytarsus, Robackia, Saetheria, Saetheriella, Schineriella, Semiocladius, Sergentia, Smittia, Stackelbergina, Stelechomyia, Stempellina, Stempellinella, Stenochironomus, Stictochironomus, Stilocladius, Sublettea, Sublettiella, Symbiocladius, Sympotthastia, Syndiamesa, Synendotendipes, Synorthocladius, Tanypus, Tanytarsus, Tavastia, Telmatogeton, Telmatopelopia, Telopelopia, Tethymyia, Thalassomya, Thalassosmittia, Thienemannia, Thienemanniella, Thienemannimyia, Tokunagia, Tribelos, Trichochilus, Trichotanypus, Trissocladius, Trissopelopia, Tvetenia, Unniella, Virgatanytarsus, Vivacricotopus, Xenochironomus, Xenopelopia, Xestochironomus, Xylotopus, Zalutschia, Zavrelia, Zavreliella and Zavrelimyia.
The Chironomids are found throughout the world. There are approximately 5,000 species in total, 570 of which occur in Germany. Some species of the genus Clunio are only found on the surface of the sea. Belgica antarktica are found solely in Antarctica. Most species of Chironomidae reproduce once a year. Chironomids are small to medium in size and reach body lengths of 2-14 mm. They have slender bodies and are soft-skinned.
The mouthparts have degenerated in many species and are not suitable for penetrating the skin, therefore they do not suck blood. Their antennae are hairy and can thus register more vibrations. The wings are usually very well developed and can be shaped differently according to the gender of the insect. In resting position the wings are posited roof-like on the body. Chironomids have a life expectancy of a few days.

Genera701
Species12.992
Common namesMidges, Nonbiting midges, Chironomids, Non-biting midges
German namesZuckmücken
Dutch namesDansmuggen
Danish namesDansemyg
Finnish namesSurviaissääsket
Norwegian namesFjærmygg
Swedish namesFjädermyggor
AuthorErichson, 1842
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania
Antarctica


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Afrotropical
Indo-Australian region
Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesChironomidae in bie.ala.org.au
Chironomidae in faunaeur.org
Chironomidae in itis.gov
Chironomidae in dyntaxa.se
Chironomidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Chironomids"
- Chironomus atroviridis
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Chironomid - Chironomidae
2. Diamesa sp.
Quick search: Chironomids - Chironomidae - Wings - Insects - Position - Chironomus
Species - Belgica - Family - Body - Oliveridia - Surface - Superfamily - Tanypus
Sources, links and more informations
Chironomids in Wikipedia
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderNematocera
Long-horned flies, Mosquitoes
InfraorderCulicomorpha
Mosquitoes and Midges
SuperfamilyChironomoidea
FamilyChironomidae
Midges, Nonbiting midges, Chironomids, Non-biting midges
AuthorErichson, 1842
 Species overview

Keywords
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