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Dung midges - Minute black scavenger flies
The minute black scavenger flies (Scatopsidae), also known as "dung midges" are an important family, in the order flies (Diptera), the suborder Nematocera, the infraorder Psychodomorpha and the superfamily Scatopsoidea. This family is divided into the subfamilies Aspistinae, Ectaetiinae, Psectrosciarinae and Scatopsinae. The subfamilies include 31 genera, and around 250 to 300 different species.

The following genera are known: Anapausis, Apiloscatopse, Arthria, Aspistes, Austroclemina, Borneoscatopse, Brahemyia, Coboldia, Colobostema, Cooka, Diamphidicus, Efcookella, Ectaetia, Ferneiella, Hawomersleya, Holoplagia, Mesoscatopse, Neorhegmoclemina, Parascatopse, Parmaferia, Procolobostema, Protoscatopse, Psectrosciara, Quateiella, Reichertella, Rhegmoclema, Rhegmoclemina, Rhexoza, Scatopse, Swammerdamella and Thripomorpha. The minute black scavenger fly is found throughout the world. In Germany, 35 Scatopsidae species exist. The oldest fossils of Scatopsidae in amber date back to the Cretaceous period.
This is achieved by small, dark, often tiny midges with body lengths of 0. 6 - 5 mm. Most species average around1. 5 mm in length. Scatopsidae are hairless They cannot sting. Due to their appearance they can be confused with black flies (Simuliidae) but they normally do not have an arched chest (thorax).
Adult Scatopsidae like to rest on parsley, to feed on the nectar. They are often found in rural residential areas, as these generally provide favourable conditions for the development of their larvae.
Female Scatopsidae lay their eggs on decaying animals or vegetable waste and can thus be found on compost heaps, dung, in toilets, on garbage heaps and so on. They also often appear on or in buildings such as dwellings, sheds or storage facilities. When they appear en masse, they can make food supplies inedible due to germs and impurities such as animals and human beings are a nuisance and are thus considered a nuisance by humans. The larvae are social and feed on rotting waste materials. They are found under bark, in dead wood, fungi or feces, according to what species they are. Some species live as guests with ants. The larvae breathe with the help of tube-like elongated openings. At the end of the last larval stage, the larvae pupate inside their outer skin. Within the chrysalis, the Scatopsidae breathe through tubes, which branch off from the thorax.

Genera47
Species555
Common namesMinute black scavenger flies, Dung midges, Hyperoscelidid gnats, Scavenger flies
German namesDungmücken
Dutch namesMestmuggen
Danish namesGødningsmyg
Finnish namesLantasääsket
Norwegian namesGjødselmygg
Swedish namesDyngmyggor
AuthorNewman, 1834
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Nearctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


Countries
Checklists
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Brazil, Burundi, Canada, Chile, China, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Micronesia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Seychelles, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesScatopsidae in bie.ala.org.au
Scatopsidae in faunaeur.org
Scatopsidae in itis.gov
Scatopsidae in dyntaxa.se
Scatopsidae in Wikipedia (English)

Quick search: Dung - Tube - Scavenger - Scatopsidae - Black - Larvae
Fly - Flies - Compost - Garbage - Feed - Maggot - Human - Buildings
Sources, links and more informations
The minute black scavenger flies in Wikipedia
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderNematocera
Long-horned flies, Mosquitoes
InfraorderPsychodomorpha
SuperfamilyScatopsoidea
FamilyScatopsidae
Minute black scavenger flies, Dung midges, Hyperoscelidid gnats, Scavenger flies
AuthorNewman, 1834
 
Synonyms
Corynoscelididae (Moure & Schlindwein, 2002)
Hyperoscelidae (Ramirez, 2005)
Hyperoscelididae (Dressler, 1985)
Hyperoscelidinae (Bembé, 2007)
 Species overview

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Dungmücken
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