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Mosquitoe on a window
Mosquitoe on a window


Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes (Culicidae) are a family of insects within the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder thread-horns (Nematocera), the infraorder Culicomorpha and the superfamily Culicoidea. Mosquitoes have existed for about 170 million years. From a total of approximately 2700 species worldwide, 104 species can be found in Europe, almost all of which live in Central Europe. In most species only the females suck blood.
Mosquitoe - Culicidae
Mosquitoe - Culicidae
In almost every environment, mosquitoes live on bodies of water. The exceptions to this are the polar regions, deserts and altitudes of above 1500 metres. The body shape of mosquitoes varies but rarely exceeds 15 mm in length. Their bodies are slender, with relatively long legs. The wings are membranous and sometimes scaly. The head has 2 long antennae with many segments. The females also have a proboscis. The mouth parts of the males are not suitable for stinging.
Nematocera - Mosquitoe
Nematocera - Mosquitoe
The flight behaviour of mosquitoes depends on the prevailing weather and light conditions. They can fly at an altitude of up to 100 metres. In cold or rainy weather they usually stay close to the soil.
After mating and fertilization female mosquitoes feed on blood which they suck from mammals, birds, reptiles or amphibians. This is essential for the formation of the eggs, as the blood supplies the protein required for this. All mosquitoes also feed on nectar or fruit juice.
The females lay their eggs in almost any appropriate water, regardless of the volume. The larvae of the mosquitoes develop under water. They get oxygen from the water surface, through a proboscis, which is located at the back end of the body. They feed on microorganisms and sometimes prey on other mosquito larvae.
Mosquitos can host pathogens (viruses, bacteria or parasites) and therefore represent a danger to humans. While their bites can cause pain, in addition to allergic reactions, the hosted bacteria can transmit various fever diseases depending on the region, such as yellow fever, dengue fever or malaria. In some places the fight against mosquitoes involves spraying BTI bacteria over large areas. This method targets the larvae.

Genera277
Species7.365
Common namesMosquitoes
German namesStechmücken
Dutch namesSteekmuggen
Danish namesStikmyg
Finnish namesHyttyset
Norwegian namesStikkemygg
Swedish namesStickmyggor
Spanish namesZancudos, Mosquitos
AuthorMeigen, 1818
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
Nearctic
Indo-Australian region


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Paleozoic
Mesozoic


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean


Countries
Checklists
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of the Congo, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesCulicidae in bie.ala.org.au
Culicidae in faunaeur.org
Culicidae in itis.gov
Culicidae in dyntaxa.se
Culicidae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Mosquitoes"
- House mosquito
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Mosquitoe on a window
2. Mosquitoe - Culicidae
3. Nematocera - Mosquitoe
Quick search: Culicidae - Fight - Mosquitoes - Water - Species - Females
Blood - Feed - Larvae - Europe - Body - Bodies - Suck - Weather
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderNematocera
Long-horned flies, Mosquitoes
InfraorderCulicomorpha
Mosquitoes and Midges
SuperfamilyCulicoidea
FamilyCulicidae
Mosquitoes
AuthorMeigen, 1818
 Species overview
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
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