Insects Database
 Insects and other Arthropoda
 Mosquitoes
 Phantom midges
 Chaoborus crystallinus
 Species overview

 AntsPics
 ArachnidsPics
 BeesPics
 BeetlesPics
 Booklice - BarkfliesPics
 BugsPics
 BumblebeesPics
 CicadasPics
 Crane fliesPics
 DragonfliesPics
 EarwigsPics
 FliesPics
 IsopodsPics
 LocustsPics
 MayfliesPics
 MecopteraPics
 MosquitoesPics
 Moths & ButterfliesPics
 MyriapodsPics
 Net-winged insectsPics
 Plant-parasitic HemipteransPics
 Praying MantisesPics
 TermitesPics
 WaspsPics
Phantom midge - Chaoboridae
Phantom midge - Chaoboridae


Phantom midges
The phantom midges (Chaoboridae) are a family in the order two-winged flies (Diptera), the suborder thread-horned flies (Nematocera), the infraorder Culicomorpha and the superfamily Culicoidea is. In former times this family was classified as the subfamily Chaoborinae in the family mosquitoes (Culicidae). The Chaoboridae are divided into 2 subfamilies (Chaoborinae and Eucorethrinae), They come with comprising 5 genera and 19 species. In Europe 3 genera with 14 species are common. In Central Europe, more than 11 species can be encountered, of which Corethra plumicornis is the most common and conspicuous.
The genera of Chaoboridae are: Chaoborus, Corethra, Cryophila, Eucorethra and Mochlonyx. They contain the following species: Chaoborus crystal linus, Chaoborus albatus, Chaoborus americanus, Chaoborus astictopus, Chaoborus cooki, Chaoborus festivus, Chaoborus flavicans, Chaoborus maculipes, Chaoborus obscuripes, Chaoborus punctipennis, Chaoborus trivittatus, Corethra plumicornis, Cryophila lapponica, Eucorethra rutilus, Eucorethra underwoodi, Mochlonyx cinctipes, Mochlonyx fuliginosus and Mochlonyx velutinus. Phantom midges are commonly found throughout the world, especially in the Palaearctic. Adult phantom midges have slender and graceful bodies. They can reach body lengths of 2-10 mm. Their bodies are light yellow, greenish, or almost transparent and are reminiscent of mosquitoes.
The mouth parts of phantom midges are atrophied and functional in some species and in others not. Phantom midges cannot sting. Their eyes do not touch but create a crescent shape around the base of their antennae. The long antennae of the males are feathered and comprise 13-15 segments. The pedipalps are divided into three to five segments. Dot eyes (ocelli) are not existing on them. The thorax (chest) has no continuous, V-shaped suture, as in the case of mosquitoes (Tipulidae). The wings of the females are black in colour and almost reach the end of their abdomen. The legs of the Chaoboridae are formed like stilts.
Adult Chaoboridae are not blood-sucking insects and prefer the proximity of water. Some species feed on nectar, while others appear not to take food.
The larvae of the phantom midges live (standing vertically) in water. Their body is transparent (glass rods larvae). They have antennae, which are also shaped in such a way as to function as holding devices for the capture of small insects (eg mosquito larvae) or crustaceans (eg Daphnia). The antennae are used to impale the prey, to crush it and to guide it into the larvae’s mouth.
Chaoboridae larvae have no breathing holes on their abdomen and , breathe through their skin. On the 7th segment of the abdomen are air bags through which they can be kept in water to rise in the balance, with varying the level. By making jerky movements with their entire bodies the larvae can move backwards and forwards. The larvae often occur in large swarms.

Genera29
Species272
Common namesPhantom midges, Phanton Midges
German namesBüschelmücken
Dutch namesPluimmuggen, Spookmuggen
Danish namesGlasmyg
Finnish namesSulkahyttyset
Norwegian namesSvevemygg
Swedish namesTofsmyggor
AuthorNewman, 1834
Distribution
Checklists

Continents:

Eurasia
America
Africa
Oceania


Ecozones:

Nearctic
Afrotropical
Holarctic


Fossils:

Cenozoic
Mesozoic


Countries
Checklists
Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Venezuela, Zambia
Links and ReferencesChaoboridae in bie.ala.org.au
Chaoboridae in faunaeur.org
Chaoboridae in itis.gov
Chaoboridae in dyntaxa.se
Chaoboridae in Wikipedia (English)

Further chapters of "Phantom midges"
- Chaoborus crystallinus
Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Phantom midge - Chaoboridae
Quick search: Phantom - Chaoboridae - Larvae - Chaoborus - Larva - Adult
Breathe - Antennae - Transparent - Body - Type - Mosquitoes - Crystallinus - Insect
Sources, links and more informations
Phantom midges in Wikipedia
Phantom midges - Chaoboridae
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderDiptera
True flies, Mosquitoes, Gnats, Flies
SuborderNematocera
Long-horned flies, Mosquitoes
InfraorderCulicomorpha
Mosquitoes and Midges
SuperfamilyCulicoidea
FamilyChaoboridae
Phantom midges, Phanton Midges
AuthorNewman, 1834
 Species overview

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Büschelmücken
 Arthropoda (Database)
 Contact
 Copyrights
 Distribution Tree
 Glossary
 Imprint
 New pictures
 Taxonomy Tree
 Unknown insects
 Unknown spiders


New chapters:
Egyptian Locust
Bird grasshoppers
Spanish bee
Kalotermes flavicollis
Termites
Stiletto flies
Chrysomya albiceps
Toadfly
Green blowfly
Sphaerophoria rueppelli
White-banded Digger Bee
House mosquito
Discrete Chaperon
Convolvulus Hawk-moth
Villa hottentotta
Eumenes mediterraneus
Andrena morio
Giant Furrow-Bee
Dull-headed Blood-bee
Halictinae


Frequent Queries:
chaoboridae (34)
Chaoboridae larvae (20)
phantom larva (10)
phantom midges (9)
midge larvae pictures (5)
phantom larvae (4)
Phantom midge (4)
corethra plumicornis (3)
Phantom midge photos (2)
chaoborus trivittatus (2)