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Pyronia (Pyronia) tithonus
Subspecies17
Common namesHedge Brown, Gatekeeper
German namesRotbraunes Ochsenauge, Braungerändertes Ochsenauge, Rostbraunes Ochsenauge, Samtborte
Dutch namesOranje zandoogje
Danish namesBuskrandøje
Swedish namesBuskgräsfjäril
Spanish namesLobito agreste
French namesAmaryllis, Satyre tithon, Titon
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1767
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire), West Midlands (Staffordshire, Herefordshire, Shropshire)), East England (Cambridgeshire (Huntingdonshire), Suffolk, Hertfordshire, Essex, Bedfordshire), North England (Northeast England (Northumberland, County Durham), Northwest England (Cumbria, Lancashire), Yorkshire (South Yorkshire)), South England (Southeast England (Kent (North Kent, East Kent), Isle of Wight, Hampshire, Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Sussex (East Sussex, West Sussex), Surrey county), Southwest England (Cornwall, Gloucestershire, Somerset, Wiltshire, Dorsetshire, Devonshire), Greater London)), Wales (South Wales (Southwest Wales (Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire), Southeast Wales (Monmouthshire)), North Wales (Anglesey)))), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Sweden, Denmark)), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica, Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees)), North France (Ile-de-France (Yvelines))), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), Channel Islands (Guernsey)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy, Central Italy (Lazio (Rome))), Iberian Peninsula (Spain (South Spain (Andalusia)), Portugal, Andorra)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia), Bosnia and Herzegovina), Bulgaria, Greece, Albania), East Europe (Ukraine), Malta
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey))
Africa
North Africa
Morocco
Oceania
Polynesia
Norfolk Island


Fossils: Paleozoic,
Devonian,

Ecozones:

Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


CountriesAlbania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesPyronia tithonus in faunaeur.org
Pyronia tithonus in leps.it
Pyronia tithonus in Wikipedia (English)

Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderLepidoptera
Lepidopterans, Butterflies and Moths
SuborderGlossata
InfraorderHeteroneura
SectionCossina
SubsectionBombyces
SuperfamilyPapilionoidea
True butterflies, Butterflies
FamilyNymphalidae
Brush Footed Butterflies, Fritillaries, Browns, Admirals, Four-footed butterflies, Brushfoot butterflies, Purples, Mourningclocks, Crescent-spots, Checker-spots, Anglewings, Brushfooted Butterflies
SubfamilySatyrinae
Satyrs and Wood-nymphs, Satyrines, Satyrids, Browns, Graylings, Ringlets, Heaths
TribeSatyrini
Graylings, Ringlets and allies, Alpines, Arctics, Nymphs and Satyrs
SubtribeManiolina
GenusPyronia
Gatekeeper, Hedge Brown
SubgenusPyronia
Gatekeeper, Hedge Brown
Speciestithonus
Pyronia tithonus
Hedge Brown, Gatekeeper
AuthorLinnaeus, 1767
 
Synonyms
Epinephele bimaculata
Epinephele lesoudiera
Epinephele lucida
Epinephele ormaculata
Epinephele tithonius
Epinephele tithonus
Epinephele tithonus distincta
Epinephele tithonus fulgens
Epinephele unipupillata
Epinephele vernetensis
Maniola albinotica
Maniola depupillata
Maniola tithonus
Papilio amaryllis
Papilio tithone
Papilio tithonus
Pyronia completa
Pyronia infraunicolora
Pyronia lineigera
Pyronia postaeca
Pyronia postalbipuncta
Pyronia posticeinocellata
Pyronia tithone
Pyronia tithonus
Pyronia tithonus cid
Pyronia tithonus fulgens
Pyronia tithonus paratransiens
Pyronia tithonus tithonus
Pyronia venata
Satyrus amaryllis
Satyrus tithonus
 
Subspecies
Pyronia tithonus alpinus
Pyronia tithonus armoricanus
Pyronia tithonus bajocassensis
Pyronia tithonus britanniae
Pyronia tithonus brittanniae
Pyronia tithonus celticus
Pyronia tithonus distincta
Pyronia tithonus etrusca
Pyronia tithonus infrafulva
Pyronia tithonus infrafusca
Pyronia tithonus infrafuscissima
Pyronia tithonus paratransiens
Pyronia tithonus pardoi
Pyronia tithonus portugesa
Pyronia tithonus pyrenaicus
Pyronia tithonus tithonus
Pyronia tithonus transiens
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Rotbraunes Ochsenauge
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