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Two-tailed pasha - Charaxes jasius
Two-tailed pasha - Charaxes jasius

Two-tailed Pasha
The two-tailed pasha (Charaxes jasius) is a species belonging to the genus Charaxes, in the order butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), the suborder Glossata, the infraorder Heteroneura (division: Ditrysia; unranked: Rhopalocera), the superfamily Papilionoidea, the family brush-footed butterflies (Nymphalidae), the subfamily Charaxinae and the tribe Charaxini. Two-tailed pasha are widespread from the Mediterranean to Central Africa at altitudes of up to 2400 metres. They are not found in Germany.
Charaxes jasius - Nymphalidae
Charaxes jasius - Nymphalidae
Charaxes jasius is the largest of the European butterflies and the only example of this genus in Europe. Female specimens are slightly larger than males and reach wing spans of 80 - 100 mm. The former can have front wings which are over 40mm in length. The upper surface of the front wings is light brown. There are yellowish-brown to orange-brown bands of colour at the edges which on the top edge of the hind wings are extended in black bezel. The hinder area of the wings has the same markings. The hind wings have 2 short tails (spores) and a number of blue spots on the upper surface. The underside of both pairs of wings has a vibrant patchwork of stripes and spots.
Two-tailed pashas prefer to live in habitats in which strawberry trees (genus Arbutus) grow. This is the food plant of their caterpillars. The adult butterflies live on rotting fruit, excrement and sweat and can fly well and fast. They can be watched in their flights for hours. Male specimens of two-tailed pasha guard their territory and fend off competitors from the same species. Occasionally, they even scare away small birds. Two generations of two-tailed pasha are active from May to June and from August to September.
The caterpillar of the two-tailed pasha reaches a body length of 60 mm. It is green, with a bright yellow stripe on each side and is covered in small yellow dots. It is shaped like a slug, even in the embryonic state. The head has 4 reddish or brownish horns. The two central ones protrude significantly in height above the others. The strikingly broad posterior end into direction of the head looks like being pressed. The caterpillars mainly feed on the leaves of the western strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo). They are very sensitive to frost. Therefore, this species is absent in a small area north of the Adriatic.

Charaxes jasius
Common namesFoxy Emperor, Two-Tailed Pasha, Foxy Charaxes
German namesErdbeerbaumfalter
Dutch namesPasja, Jasiusvlinder
Swedish namesPascha
Spanish namesBajá de dos colas, Cuatro colas, El Bajá, Bajá
French namesNymphale de l´Arbousier, Jason, Pacha à deux queues, Jasius, Pacha a deux queues, Le, Le Pacha à deux queues
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1767

West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica, Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees))), Benelux (Netherlands)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy, Central Italy (Lazio (Rome))), Iberian Peninsula (Spain (South Spain (Andalusia)), Portugal, Gibraltar)), North Europe (Scandinavia (Sweden)), Southeast Europe (Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Yugoslavia (Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro), Albania)
South Asia (India), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Jordan), Palestine), Central Asia (Turkestan (Turkmenistan)), Far East (Southeast Asia (Malaysia), East Asia (Japan))
East Africa
Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Burundi
Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Gabon
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Sudan, South Sudan
West Africa
Togo, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Benin
Southern Africa
Botswana, Namibia, Republic South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland

World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean
Mediterranean Sea


West Palaearctic

Distribution by Synonymus:
Charaxes epijasius   Central African Republic, Ghana, Zambia
CountriesAlbania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, France, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Niger, Nigeria, Palestine, Portugal, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesCharaxes jasius in
Charaxes jasius in
Charaxes jasius in
Charaxes jasius in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Two-tailed pasha - Charaxes jasius
2. Charaxes jasius - Nymphalidae
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Emperors, Pasha butterflies, Rajahs
Charaxes jasius
Foxy Emperor, Two-Tailed Pasha, Foxy Charaxes
AuthorLinnaeus, 1767
Wingspan65 mm
Charaxes castor var. flavicinctus
Charaxes epijasius
Charaxes epijasius f. feisthameli
Charaxes epijasius f. murina
Charaxes epijasius maculatus
Charaxes harrisoni
Charaxes jasius epijasius f. aeson
Charaxes jasius epijasius f. aesonius
Charaxes jasius epijasius f. alcimede
Charaxes jasius epijasius f. plutus
Charaxes jasius epijasius var. melas
Charaxes jasius harrisoni f. saturnalis
Charaxes jasius septentrionalis
Charaxes major
Charaxes pelias brunnescens
Charaxes pelias liberiae
Charaxes pelias pagenstecheri
Charaxes pelias saturnus ab. brunnescens
Charaxes saturnus ab. pagenstecheri
Nymphalis jasius
Papilio jasius
Papilio jason
Papilio rhea
Charaxes jasius brunnescens
Charaxes jasius epijasioides
Charaxes jasius epijasius
Charaxes jasius europaeus
Charaxes jasius faroensis
Charaxes jasius flavescens
Charaxes jasius flavomarginatus
Charaxes jasius forcipigerans
Charaxes jasius harrisoni
Charaxes jasius infraconfluens
Charaxes jasius jasius
Charaxes jasius limboexstans
Charaxes jasius pagenstecheri
Charaxes jasius rubescens
Charaxes jasius saturnus
Charaxes jasius tilli
Charaxes jasius unedonis
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