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Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus
Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus

Common blue
The common blue (Polyommatus icarus), is a species in the order butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), the division Ditrysia, the superfamily Papilionoidea, the family gossamer-winged butterflies (Lycaenidae), the subfamily the blues (Polyommatidae), the tribe Polyommatini and the genus Polyommatus. This species is most common in Europe, and is widespread in North Africa and Asia.
Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus - back view
Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus - back view
Adult Polyommatus icarus reach wingspans of 25 - 35 mm. Males and females vary greatly in terms of their colouration. In the males, the upper surface of the wings is blue with black and white edges, while in the females it is brown with orange markings. In both sexes the underside of the wings has black spots and the edges are marked with orange half moon shapes.
Common Blue - butterfly
Common Blue - butterfly
The common blue is found at nearly all altitudes and in almost all biotopes. They are active from May to October and produce 2 - 3 new generations per year. Their caterpillars feed on clover, restharrow and broom. They overwinter.
Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus - front view
Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus - front view

Polyommatus (Polyommatus) icarus
Common namesCommon Blue, Violet Meadow Blue, European Common Blue
German namesHauhechelbläuling, Hauhechel-Bläuling, Gemeiner Bläuling, Hauchechelbläuling, Ikarus-Bläuling, Kleewiesen-Bläuling, Wiesenbläuling
Dutch namesIcarusblauwtje, Gewoon blauwtje
Danish namesAlmindelig Blåfugl
Finnish namesHohtosinisiipi
Norwegian namesVanlig blåvinge, Tiriltungeblåvinge
Swedish namesPuktörneblåvinge
Spanish namesDos Puntos
Italian namesIcaro
French namesAzuré de la Bugrane, Argus bleu, Azuré d´Icare, Icare, Lycène Icare, Argus Icare, Azuré commun, L´Azuré de la Bugrane, L´Azuré commun
AuthorRottemburg, 1775

North Europe (Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Lincolnshire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire), West Midlands (Staffordshire, Herefordshire, Warwickshire, Shropshire)), South England (Southwest England (Gloucestershire, Dorsetshire, Devonshire, Cornwall, Somerset, Wiltshire, Isles of Scilly), Southeast England (Hampshire, Kent (North Kent, East Kent (Folkestone)), Isle of Wight, Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Sussex (East Sussex, West Sussex), Surrey county), Greater London), East England (Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire (Huntingdonshire, Cambridge), Suffolk, Essex, Bedfordshire), North England (Northeast England (Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, County Durham), Northwest England (Lancashire, Cumbria, Cheshire, Merseyside), Yorkshire (North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire))), Wales (South Wales (Southwest Wales (Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire), Southeast Wales (Glamorganshire, Monmouthshire)), North Wales (Merionethshire, Denbighshire), Mid Wales (Cardiganshire, Brecknockshire)), Scotland (Northern Isles (Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands), Scottish Highlands (Hebrides), Fife)), Northern Ireland), Ireland), Scandinavia (Norway (Troms, Finnmark, Vestfold, Aust-Agder, Vest-Agder, Akershus, Buskerud, Nordland, Oslo, Rogaland, Telemark, Hedmark, Hordaland, Møre and Romsdal, Nord-Trøndelag, Oppland, Sogn and Fjordane, Sør-Trøndelag, Østfold), Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland (Åland Islands)), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Corsica, Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees (Gers)), New Aquitaine (Poitou-Charentes (Charente)))), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium (Flanders (Antwerp)), Netherlands, Luxembourg), Liechtenstein, Channel Islands (Guernsey)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy, Central Italy (Lazio (Rome))), Iberian Peninsula (Spain (South Spain (Andalusia)), Portugal, Andorra)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia, Montenegro), Bosnia and Herzegovina), Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Albania, Moldova), East Europe (Ukraine, Belarus), Malta
Far East (East Asia (China, Mongolia, Korea (North Korea, South Korea))), South Asia (India (North India (Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmir))), Afghanistan, Pakistan), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Egypt, Iran (North Iran), Lebanon), Palestine), Central Asia (Tajikistan, Turkestan (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan)), North Asia
Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan
Siberia (East Siberia, Altai, Russian Far East (Sakhalin Oblast (Sakhalin))), European Russia (North European Russia (Leningrad Oblast))
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Macaronesia (Canary Islands), Morocco
North America
Canada, USA
Norfolk Island
Australia (West Australia (Perth))


Eocene (Middle Eocene)


West Palaearctic

CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan
Links and ReferencesPolyommatus icarus in
Polyommatus icarus in
Polyommatus icarus in
Polyommatus icarus in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus
2. Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus - back view
3. Common Blue - butterfly
4. Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus - front view
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Meadow Blues, Chalk Hill Blue, Common Blue
Polyommatus icarus
Common Blue, Violet Meadow Blue, European Common Blue
AuthorRottemburg, 1775
Glaucopsyche alexis
Lycaena alexis
Lycaena alexis auct.
Lycaena alexis casanensis
Lycaena andreas
Lycaena arion arionoides
Lycaena icarus
Lycaena icarus amoena
Lycaena icarus biarcuata
Papilio candaon
Papilio candiope
Papilio candybus
Papilio icarus
Polyommatus abdon
Polyommatus alexis
Polyommatus alexis sensu
Polyommatus icarus
Polyommatus icarus albistria
Polyommatus icarus apicata-caerulescens
Polyommatus icarus apicata-cuneata
Polyommatus icarus apicata-supracaerulea
Polyommatus icarus apicata-thestylis
Polyommatus icarus apicata-thetis
Polyommatus icarus apico-juncta
Polyommatus icarus arcua
Polyommatus icarus arcuata
Polyommatus icarus basi-elongata
Polyommatus icarus basijuncta
Polyommatus icarus claracaelestis
Polyommatus icarus flavocinctata
Polyommatus icarus icarus
Polyommatus icarus rufoprivata
Polyommatus icarus alexis
Polyommatus icarus alsus
Polyommatus icarus amanda
Polyommatus icarus ammosovi
Polyommatus icarus anticeolunata
Polyommatus icarus anticoelunata
Polyommatus icarus apicata-caerulescens
Polyommatus icarus balearica
Polyommatus icarus bellicarus
Polyommatus icarus biarcuata
Polyommatus icarus bienerti
Polyommatus icarus boalensis
Polyommatus icarus caerulea
Polyommatus icarus casanensis
Polyommatus icarus celina
Polyommatus icarus chitralensis
Polyommatus icarus clara
Polyommatus icarus costajuncta
Polyommatus icarus eros
Polyommatus icarus excessa
Polyommatus icarus extensa
Polyommatus icarus fuchsi
Polyommatus icarus fugitiva
Polyommatus icarus fusca-caerulescens
Polyommatus icarus fuscescens
Polyommatus icarus girschitschi
Polyommatus icarus icadius
Polyommatus icarus icarinus
Polyommatus icarus icarius
Polyommatus icarus icarus
Polyommatus icarus iphis
Polyommatus icarus jotunensis
Polyommatus icarus jotunesis
Polyommatus icarus juko
Polyommatus icarus juno
Polyommatus icarus kashgharensis
Polyommatus icarus labienus
Polyommatus icarus lacon
Polyommatus icarus lucetta
Polyommatus icarus lucia
Polyommatus icarus major
Polyommatus icarus mariscolore
Polyommatus icarus marsicolore
Polyommatus icarus melanotoxa
Polyommatus icarus menahensis
Polyommatus icarus minor
Polyommatus icarus napaea
Polyommatus icarus obsoleta
Polyommatus icarus omelkoi
Polyommatus icarus persica
Polyommatus icarus polyphemus
Polyommatus icarus postico-obsoleta
Polyommatus icarus postzelleri
Polyommatus icarus pseuderos
Polyommatus icarus rosina
Polyommatus icarus septentrionalis
Polyommatus icarus transiens
Polyommatus icarus transvehens
Polyommatus icarus wiskotti
Polyommatus icarus yarkandensis
Polyommatus icarus yarkundensis
Polyommatus icarus zelleri

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