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Green longhorn
Green longhorn


Green longhorn
The green longhorn (Adela reaumurella) is a species in the order butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), the suborder Glossata, the infraorder Neolepidoptera, the superfamily Incurvarioidea, the family Fairy Moths (Adelidae), the subfamily Adelinae, and the genus Adela. A scientific synonym for this species is Adela viridella. The green longhorn is common in Europe.
Adela reaumurella - Fairy Moth
Adela reaumurella - Fairy Moth
Adult Adela reaumurella reach body lengths of about 17 mm. Their bodies are 4 mm in width and have a greenish base colour. The upper surface has a light gold, bronze or silver metallic sheen and is covered in a fine powder. The head and neck of the males are densely covered with long, black hair, while the females are lighter, shorter and less hairy.

The antennae are whitish. In the males, they are 55 60 mm, about three times longer than the wings. In the females the antennae are about half as long as in the males. The green longhorn reaches wingspans of 14 - 18 mm. The front wings are about 4 mm in width when folded, with a shiny, metallic green, bronze or silver sheen. The hind wings are black and have a bluish-violet glow in sunlight.
Adela reaumurella are active throughout the day and night from April to June. Adults can be found in forest edges, clearings, parks and gardens, as well as on bushes that grow near water. On cooler days, they can be seen settled on leaves, often in small groups, absorbing the heat of the sun.

The green longhorn mates in the period from April to May. In this period, the males can be seen in more or less large swarms in front of exposed branches, or on bushes and trees where the females are sitting. Several females join the swarm, the males lead them to the ground and there they mate.

The females lay their eggs on the leaves, which the caterpillars feed on. The caterpillars are yellowish and can be recognized by their dark brown neck plate. They live in fallen leaves which they eat. For protection, they build a sack-like shelter from pieces of leaves, in which they later pupate. The pupae overwinter.

Adela reaumurella
Common namesGreen longhorn, Green Long-horn
German namesGrüner Langfühler
Dutch namesSmaragdlangsprietmot, Blinkend langsprietje
Danish namesEgelanghornsmøl
Swedish namesEkantennmal
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (South England (Southwest England (Cornwall)), East England (Suffolk, Norfolk, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire (Huntingdonshire), Bedfordshire), English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire), West Midlands (Staffordshire)), North England (Northeast England (Northumberland), Yorkshire)), Wales (Mid Wales (Montgomeryshire)))), Ireland), Germany, Scandinavia (Norway (Vestfold, Vest-Agder, Rogaland, Telemark), Sweden, Denmark), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees))), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily), North Italy, South Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Bosnia and Herzegovina), Albania, Moldova), East Europe (Ukraine, Belarus)
Asia
West Asia (Near East (Turkey)), Far East (East Asia (Japan))
Russia


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


CountriesAlbania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesAdela reaumurella in faunaeur.org
Adela reaumurella in leps.it
Adela reaumurella in dyntaxa.se
Adela reaumurella in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Green longhorn
2. Adela reaumurella - Fairy Moth
Quick search: Butterfly - Green - Longhorn - Females - Males - Leaves
Wings - Bronze - Black - Bushes - Species - Caterpillars - Silver - Antennae
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderLepidoptera
Lepidopterans, Butterflies and Moths
SuborderGlossata
InfraorderHeteroneura
SectionIncurvariina
SuperfamilyIncurvarioidea
FamilyAdelidae
Longhorned Fairy Moths, Fairy longhorn moths, Fairy moths, Adelid Moths
SubfamilyAdelinae
Adeline Moths, Longhorn Moths
TribeAdelini
GenusAdela
Small Barred Long-horn, Green Long-horn
Speciesreaumurella
Adela reaumurella
Green longhorn, Green Long-horn
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Adela reaumurella
Adela viridella
Phalaena reaumurella
Phalaena viridella
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Grüner Langfühler
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