Insects Database
 Insects and other Arthropoda
 Moths & Butterflies
 Butterflies
 Canary speckled wood
 Common Blue
 Common Brimstone
 European Peacock butterfly
 Green longhorn
 Holly Blue
 Large White
 Map
 Meadow Brown
 Nemophora cupriacella
 Old World Swallowtail
 Orange Tip
 Red Admiral
 Scarce Swallowtail
 Small Tortoiseshell
 Small White
 The Ringlet
 Wall
 White Admiral
 Pictures

 AntsPics
 ArachnidsPics
 BeesPics
 BeetlesPics
 Booklice - BarkfliesPics
 BugsPics
 BumblebeesPics
 CicadasPics
 Crane fliesPics
 DragonfliesPics
 EarwigsPics
 FliesPics
 IsopodsPics
 LocustsPics
 MayfliesPics
 MecopteraPics
 MosquitoesPics
 Moths & ButterfliesPics
 MyriapodsPics
 Net-winged insectsPics
 Plant-parasitic HemipteransPics
 Praying MantisesPics
 TermitesPics
 WaspsPics
Map top view
Map top view


Map
The map (Araschnia levana) is a butterfly species in the family Nymphalidae. There are two generations a year whose adults look significantly different. The reason for this is to find in the different day lengths (sunrise to sunset) during the development of both generations’ caterpillars. The reason for this is the differing amounts of daylight available during the caterpillars’ development. The name of the butterfly is derived from the marking on the underside of the wings, which resembles a map. This butterfly is found in Europe, Central Asia and Japan. It is beginning to spread to Scandinavia and the Baltic States.
Map from behind
Map from behind
Female maps of the first generation (spring) reach wingspans of up to 38 mm, those of the second generation (summer) reach 43 mm, while the males can reach spans of 32 mm in spring and 38 mm in summer. The body of the butterfly is slim and the upper surface is a black-brown colour. The underside is lighter and slightly hairy. The rings on the segments are white. The upper surface of the wings in the spring generation is a brownish-red to orange colour and is interspersed with black patches. The summer generation are black-brown to black or sometimes blue-black) The undersides of the wings in the two generations differ only slightly.
Map from the side
Map from the side
Maps prefer to live in damp areas with nettles, which blooms - in addition to those of the Velcro – are delivering food (nectar). In Germany, the map overwinters as a pupa. In April, the spring generation hatch, the males slightly earlier than the females.
The females lay their fertilized eggs on nettles. The eggs are green and 8 - 10 of them are united. The caterpillars hatch after 10 days and are black, 25 mm in length, and covered in dark spines. They feed on nettles, until they pupate 18 days later. The pupae are 15 mm in length. 2-3 weeks later, the adult butterflies of the summer generation hatch.
The map’s natural enemies are birds, ichneumon wasps, tachinid flies, millipedes, spiders and predatory bugs. The map was the "Butterfly of the Year" in 2007.

Araschnia levana
Subspecies9
Common namesEuropean Map, Map butterfly, Map
German namesLandkärtchen, Netzfalter, Landkärtchenfalter
Dutch namesLandkaartje
Danish namesNældesommerfugl
Finnish namesKarttaperhonen
Swedish namesKartfjäril
Spanish namesPrótea, Protea
Italian namesVanessa levana
French namesCarte géographique, Jaspé, La
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (English Midlands (West Midlands (Herefordshire)))))), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees)), North France (Burgundy-Franche-Comté (Burgundy (Saône-et-Loire)))), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands (North Netherlands (Groningen)), Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (North Italy), Iberian Peninsula (Spain)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia), Bosnia and Herzegovina), Bulgaria, Greece, Moldova), East Europe (Ukraine, Belarus)
Asia
Far East (East Asia (China, Japan, Mongolia, Korea (North Korea, South Korea))), West Asia (Near East (Turkey)), Central Asia (Turkestan (Kazakhstan)), North Asia
Russia
Siberia (West Siberia (Kemerovo Oblast), Russian Far East (Sakhalin Oblast (Sakhalin))), European Russia (North European Russia (Leningrad Oblast), Central European Russia (Moscow Oblast))
America
North America
Mexico, Canada
South America
Chile
Africa
Central Africa
Cameroon


Ecozones:

Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


CountriesAustria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, North Korea, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom
Links and ReferencesAraschnia levana in faunaeur.org
Araschnia levana in leps.it
Araschnia levana in dyntaxa.se
Araschnia levana in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Map top view
2. Map from behind
3. Map from the side
Quick search: Butterflies - Map - Generation - Black - Butterfly - Summer
Spring - Nettles - Wings - Generations - Hatch - Caterpillars - Eggs - Brown
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderLepidoptera
Lepidopterans, Butterflies and Moths
SuborderGlossata
InfraorderHeteroneura
SectionCossina
SubsectionBombyces
SuperfamilyPapilionoidea
True butterflies, Butterflies
FamilyNymphalidae
Brush Footed Butterflies, Fritillaries, Browns, Admirals, Four-footed butterflies, Brushfoot butterflies, Purples, Mourningclocks, Crescent-spots, Checker-spots, Anglewings, Brushfooted Butterflies
SubfamilyNymphalinae
True Brushfoots, Anglewings, Tortoiseshells, Thistle butterflies, Peacocks, True Brush-foots, Crescents, Checkerspots, Brushfoots, Admirals
TribeNymphalini
True Brushfoots
GenusAraschnia
Mongols
Specieslevana
Araschnia levana
European Map, Map butterfly, Map
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
 
Synonyms
Araschnia caerulocellata
Araschnia clossi
Araschnia dammeri
Araschnia gerardini
Araschnia intermedia
Araschnia kudlai
Araschnia lactofasciata
Araschnia levana
Araschnia levana porrima
Araschnia levana prorsa
Araschnia marginelineata
Araschnia porima
Araschnia postcontinua
Araschnia postocellata
Araschnia prorsa
Araschnia pseudorientalis
Araschnia rufescens
Araschnia schultzi
Araschnia weismanni
Araschnia ypsilon
Araschnia zavreli
Papilio levana
Papilio prorsa
Vanessa levana
Vanessa prorsa
 
Subspecies
Araschnia levana borgesti
Araschnia levana levana
Araschnia levana obscura
Araschnia levana porima
Araschnia levana prorsa
Araschnia levana sachalinensis
Araschnia levana separata
Araschnia levana trybomi
Araschnia levana wladimiri
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Landkärtchenfalter
 Arthropoda (Database)
 Contact
 Copyrights
 Distribution Tree
 Glossary
 Imprint
 New pictures
 Taxonomy Tree
 Unknown insects
 Unknown spiders


New chapters:
Egyptian Locust
Bird grasshoppers
Spanish bee
Kalotermes flavicollis
Termites
Stiletto flies
Chrysomya albiceps
Toadfly
Green blowfly
Sphaerophoria rueppelli
White-banded Digger Bee
House mosquito
Discrete Chaperon
Convolvulus Hawk-moth
Villa hottentotta
Eumenes mediterraneus
Andrena morio
Giant Furrow-Bee
Dull-headed Blood-bee
Halictinae


Frequent Queries:
map of where butterflies are found (1)