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Malacosoma franconica - Caterpillar
Malacosoma franconica - Caterpillar


Malacosoma franconica
Malacosoma franconica is a species of the genus Malacosoma, in the order butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), the suborder Glossata, the infraorder Heteroneura (division: Ditrysia; section: Cossina; subsection: bombycina), the superfamily Bombycoidea (series: Bombyciformes), the family eggars, snout moths or lappet moths (Lasiocampidae), and the subfamily Lasiocampinae. Malacosoma franconicum is a scientific synonym for this species.

Malacosoma franconica are particularly prevalent in the Mediterranean region and from the south side of the Black Sea to the southern Caucasus. In Central Europe they can be found up to the southern border of Scandinavia.
Malacosoma franconica
Malacosoma franconica
Male Malacosoma franconica reach wingspans of around 22 mm and are thus significantly smaller than the females, whose wingspans measure approximately 36 mm. The males have comb-like antennae, but the femalesí are simple. The wings of the males are grey-brown. The wing veins are brown and clearly visible. The wing bands are bright pale coloured and not so easily discernable. The femalesí wings are reddish-brown. Their veins are a little lighter.
Malacosoma franconica prefer warm, sandy habitats. Although it is a moth, it can be seen in daylight. It is active from June to July. Mating takes place shortly after the moths have hatched from their pupae and may take up to two hours. Immediately afterwards, the fertilized females lay their eggs. The yellowish-white eggs are glued together inrings, using an adhesive brownish substance, onto the stems of plants such as common sorrel, sheep's sorrel (Rumex acetosella), field sagewort, ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata), Achillea, andworts (Minuartia), heronís bill (Erodium), blackberry (Rubus), and Agropyron or dwarf everlast (Helichrysum arenarium). They overwinter like this.

In April of the next year, the hairy caterpillars hatch from the eggs and start to feed on their host plant. They are sociable at first and later solitary.
The caterpillarsí bodies are multi coloured but they appear reddish brown because they are covered with yellowish hair. A blue to blue-grey line runs along their sides near the top. The black to blackish-brown colour of their head is difficult to see because of dense brownish hair. The caterpillars pupate in May in a cocoon and hatch as adult moths approximately one month later.

Malacosoma (Malacosoma) franconica
Subspecies3
German namesFrankfurter Ringelspinner
AuthorDenis & Schiffermüller, 1775
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (Germany), South Europe (Italy, Iberian Peninsula), West Europe (France), Central Europe (Poland), Southeast Europe (Bulgaria, Greece, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia))), East Europe (Ukraine)
Caucasus
Armenia


CountriesArmenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Poland, Ukraine
Taxonomic statusSynonymus of Malacosoma (Malacosoma) franconicum
Links and ReferencesMalacosoma franconica in faunaeur.org
Malacosoma franconica in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Malacosoma franconica - Caterpillar
2. Malacosoma franconica
Quick search: Caterpillar - Moths - Brown - Females - Caterpillars - Eggs
Southern - Hair - Grey - Wing - Blue - Yellowish - Wings - Species
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderLepidoptera
Lepidopterans, Butterflies and Moths
SuborderGlossata
InfraorderHeteroneura
SectionMacrolepidoptera
Macro-moths
SuperfamilyLasiocampoidea
FamilyLasiocampidae
Lappet Moths, Tent caterpillars, Tent caterpillar moths, Eggars, Snout moths, Tent Caterpillar and Lappet Moths, Lasiocampid Moths, Eggar Moths
SubfamilyMalacosominae
TribeMalacosomatini
GenusMalacosoma
SubgenusMalacosoma
Speciesfranconica
Malacosoma franconica
AuthorDenis & Schiffermüller, 1775
Wingspan22 mm
 
Synonyms
Bombyx franconica
Malacosoma calabricum
Malacosoma dorycnii
Malacosoma franconica
Malacosoma joannisi
Malacosoma panormitana
 
Subspecies
Malacosoma franconica franconica
Malacosoma franconica lutea
Malacosoma franconica panormitana
 Species overview
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Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Frankfurter Ringelspinner
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