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Cotton Bollworm - Helicoverpa armigera
Cotton Bollworm - Helicoverpa armigera


Cotton bollworm
The cotton bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera), also known as scarce bordered straw, corn earworm, tobacco budworm or old world bollworm, is a species in the order butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), the division Ditrysia, the superfamily Noctuoidea, and the family owlet moths (Noctuidae). It is found in Southern Europe, (Central and Northern Europe infrequently ), in Africa and Asia, and Australia and New Zealand. It originated in the tropical and subtropical zones and is regarded there as a pest of a variety of crops.
Moth-butterfly - Owlet moth - Cotton Bollworm - side face
Moth-butterfly - Owlet moth - Cotton Bollworm - side face
Adult Helicoverpa armigera reach wingspans of up to 40 mm. Their forewings are yellowish brown. The hindwings are yellowish with a dark edge.
Helicoverpa armigera
Helicoverpa armigera
The cotton bollworm likes to be on the move and penetrates further north during hot summers. It cannot overwinter in Central Europe. The cotton bollworm prefers to live on cultivated land but is also found on warm hillsides or grassy heathland.

The caterpillars eat a very wide range of foods, but are especially fond of crops such as cotton, sunflowers, lemons and tomatoes.
Owlet moth - Cotton Bollworm
Owlet moth - Cotton Bollworm

Helicoverpa armigera
Subspecies4
Common namesOld World bollworm, Old World African bollworm, Corn earworm, Scarce Bordered Straw, Cotton Bollworm, Tobacco budworm, African cotton bollworm, Tomato grub, Gram pod borer, Old World Bollworm Moth, American Bollworm
German namesBaumwoll-Kapseleule, Baumwoll-Eule, Baumwolleule
Dutch namesKatoendaguil
Danish namesKriger træk-ugle
Finnish namesHukkavaellusyökkönen
Norwegian namesPestfagerfly
Swedish namesBrunaktigt knölfly, Bomullsknölfly
French namesArmigère
AuthorHübner, 1805
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (South England (Southwest England (Cornwall, Somerset, Devonshire)), East England (Suffolk, Norfolk, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire (Huntingdonshire), Bedfordshire), English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire), West Midlands (Staffordshire)), North England (Northwest England (Cheshire), Northeast England (Northumberland), Yorkshire)), Wales (Mid Wales (Montgomeryshire))), Northern Ireland), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway (Rogaland), Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria (Vienna), France (South France (Corsica, Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees))), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg)), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy, Central Italy (Lazio (Rome))), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal, Andorra)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro), Bulgaria, Greece (Aegean Islands (Crete)), Albania, Moldova), East Europe (Ukraine), Malta
Asia
Far East (Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah)), East Asia (Taiwan, Japan, Korea (South Korea), China (Central China (South-central China (Hong Kong))))), South Asia (India (South India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)), Afghanistan, Pakistan), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen)), Central Asia (Tajikistan, Turkestan (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan))
Caucasus
Georgia, Azerbaijan
Russia
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (Tasmania, East Australia (Queensland (South East Queensland (Brisbane), Far North Queensland (Cape York Peninsula (Cairns), Gordonvale (Meringa))), New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory (Canberra), Sydney Basin (Sydney)), Victoria), Northern Territory, South Australia, West Australia)
Melanesia
New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Solomon Islands
Polynesia
New Zealand (North Island (Gisborne)), French Polynesia, Tonga
Micronesia
Kiribati
Africa
East Africa
Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Indian Ocean islands (Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius, Réunion, Comoro Islands (Comoros)), Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Rwanda, Eritrea
Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
North Africa
Algeria, Tunisia, Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Azores, Madeira (Savage Islands)), Morocco, Sudan, Libya
West Africa
Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Benin
Southern Africa
Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, Republic South Africa
America
South America
Argentina, Chile
North America
USA (California)
Caribbean
Caribbean islands (Antilles (Greater Antilles (Puerto Rico), Lesser Antilles))


Ecozones:

Nearctic
Afrotropical
Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean
British overseas territory Atlantic
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha


Distribution by Synonymus:
Heliothis armigera   Argentina, California, Chile
Heliothis guidellii   Near East
Heliothis armigera   Lesotho
Heliothis guidellii   South Europe
CountriesAfghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Chile, China, Comoros, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Latvia, Lesotho, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Moldova, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Korea, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, USA, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesHelicoverpa armigera in bie.ala.org.au
Helicoverpa armigera in afromoths.net
Helicoverpa armigera in faunaeur.org
Helicoverpa armigera in leps.it
Helicoverpa armigera in dyntaxa.se
Helicoverpa armigera in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Cotton Bollworm - Helicoverpa armigera
2. Moth-butterfly - Owlet moth - Cotton Bollworm - side face
3. Helicoverpa armigera
4. Owlet moth - Cotton Bollworm
Quick search: Armigera - Helicoverpa - Cotton - Bollworm - Adult - Moths
Moth - Butterflies - Europe - Owlet - Crops - Yellowish - Central - Noctuoidea
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderLepidoptera
Lepidopterans, Butterflies and Moths
SuborderGlossata
InfraorderHeteroneura
SectionCossina
SubsectionBombyces
SuperfamilyNoctuoidea
Moths
FamilyNoctuidae
Owlet Moths, Underwings, Noctuid moths, Dagger moths, Cutworms, Underwing moths, Miller Moths
SubfamilyHeliothinae
GenusHelicoverpa
Speciesarmigera
Helicoverpa armigera
Old World bollworm, Old World African bollworm, Corn earworm, Scarce Bordered Straw, Cotton Bollworm, Tobacco budworm, African cotton bollworm, Tomato grub, Gram pod borer, Old World Bollworm Moth, American Bollworm
AuthorHübner, 1805
 
Synonyms
Chloridea armigera
Chloridea obsoleta
Helicoverpa armigera
Helicoverpa barbara
Helicoverpa commoni
Helicoverpa conferta
Helicoverpa obsoleta
Helicoverpa obsoleta auct.
Helicoverpa pulverosa
Helicoverpa rama
Helicoverpa uniformis
Heliothis armigera
Heliothis conferta
Heliothis fusca
Heliothis guidellii
Heliothis obsoleta
Heliothis pulverosa
Heliothis rama
Heliothis uniformis
Noctua armigera
Noctua barbara
 
Subspecies
Helicoverpa armigera armigera
Helicoverpa armigera commoni
Helicoverpa armigera conferta
Helicoverpa armigera rufa
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Baumwolleule
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