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Meal Moth - Pyralis farinalis
Meal Moth - Pyralis farinalis


Meal moth
The meal moth (Pyralis farinalis) is a species in the family snout moths (Pyralidae). This species is found throughout the world. The meal moth reaches wingspans of 18 - 30 mm. The forewings are dark. The central section of the forewings is lighter and is bounded by curved white lines. In resting position, the abdomen of the meal moth curves upwards.
The meal moth prefers to live in bakeries, food warehouses and in mills. Their diet consists of straw, seeds, flour, cereals and vegetable waste.
Meal moths are active from June to August. The caterpillars occur in September and are considered pests. They cause damage flour products and are making them inedible. The caterpillars overwinter once or twice. In May they pupate. The meal moth can produce up to 5 new generations a year, depending on conditions.

Pyralis farinalis
Subspecies2
Common namesMeal Moth
German namesMehlzünsler, Mehl-Zünsler
Dutch namesGrote meelmot, Bruine meelmot, Meelmot
Danish namesStort melmøl
Finnish namesKomerokoisa, Lesekoisa
Norwegian namesForrådshalmmott
Swedish namesMjölmott
AuthorCarl von Linné (Carl Nilsson Linnæus), 1758
Distribution
Continents:

Eurasia
Europe
North Europe (British Isles (United Kingdom (Great Britain (England (South England (Southwest England (Cornwall), Greater London), East England (Suffolk, Norfolk, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire (Huntingdonshire), Bedfordshire), English Midlands (East Midlands (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire), West Midlands (Staffordshire)), North England (Northeast England (Northumberland), Yorkshire)), Wales (Mid Wales (Montgomeryshire)))), Ireland), Germany (West Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia)), Scandinavia (Norway (Aust-Agder, Akershus, Oslo, Rogaland, Telemark, Østfold), Sweden, Denmark), Fennoscandia (Finland), Baltic region (Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania))), West Europe (Austria, France (South France (Occitania (Midi-Pyrenees))), Switzerland, Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg), Liechtenstein), South Europe (Italy (Italy Islands (Sicily, Sardinia), North Italy, South Italy, Central Italy (Lazio (Frosinone))), Iberian Peninsula (Spain, Portugal)), Central Europe (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic (Moravia, Bohemia), Slovakia), Southeast Europe (Romania, Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia), Bosnia and Herzegovina), Bulgaria, Greece, Albania), East Europe (Ukraine), Malta
Asia
Far East (East Asia (Taiwan, Japan, Korea (South Korea), China (Central China (South-central China (Hong Kong))))), South Asia (India), West Asia (Near East (Turkey, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia))
Caucasus
Georgia
Russia
Oceania
Australasia
Australia (East Australia (Queensland, New South Wales (Australian Capital Territory), Victoria), South Australia (Adelaide), West Australia)
Polynesia
New Zealand
America
South America
Brazil
North America
USA (Florida, California, Kentucky, Maine, Minnesota, Texas, New Jersey, South Carolina, Washington, Massachusetts, Maryland, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Alabama, New York, Virginia, Iowa, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Delaware, Vermont), Canada (Ontario, British Columbia), Bermuda Islands (Bermuda)
Africa
North Africa
Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira)
East Africa
Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Republic South Africa


Ecozones:

Nearctic
Afrotropical
Palaearctic
West Palaearctic


World Oceans:

Atlantic Ocean
British overseas territory Atlantic
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha


CountriesAlbania, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, USA, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe
Links and ReferencesPyralis farinalis in bie.ala.org.au
Pyralis farinalis in afromoths.net
Pyralis farinalis in faunaeur.org
Pyralis farinalis in leps.it
Pyralis farinalis in dyntaxa.se
Pyralis farinalis in Wikipedia (English)

Description of images / photos
Photography with Cameras
Nikon D3x, Nikon D300, Canon 50D
Image editing with Photoshop
1. Meal Moth - Pyralis farinalis
Quick search: Moth - Moths - Meal - Snout - Pests - Caterpillars
Species - Forewings - Abdomen - Dark - Central - Food - Generations - Active
Taxonomy
ClassInsecta
Insects, True insects
SubclassPterygota
Winged insects
InfraclassNeoptera
Wing-folding insects
SuperorderHolometabola
Holometabolous Insects
OrderLepidoptera
Lepidopterans, Butterflies and Moths
SuborderGlossata
InfraorderHeteroneura
SectionTineina
SubsectionTineina
SuperfamilyPyraloidea
FamilyPyralidae
Snout Moths, Pyrales moths, Grass moths, Pyralid Moths, Frass Moths, Meal Moths, Flour Moths
SubfamilyPyralinae
Pyralines
TribePyralini
GenusPyralis
Speciesfarinalis
Pyralis farinalis
Meal Moth
AuthorLinnaeus, 1758
Wingspan18 mm
 
Synonyms
Asopia domesticalis
Asopia farinalis
Phalaena farinalis
Phalaene erecta
Pyralis domesticalis
Pyralis farinalis
Pyralis farinatus
Pyralis fraterna
Pyralis meridionalis
Pyralis meridionalis marianii
Pyralis meridionalis sardoplumbea
Pyralis orientalis
 
Subspecies
Pyralis farinalis meridionalis
Pyralis farinalis orientalis
 Pictures

Keywords
ABCDEFGHIJKLM
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
German Flag Mehlzünsler
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